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Pablo Vicente de Solá


Pablo Vicente de Solá

Pablo Vicente de Solá
  Governor of Alta California
In office
Preceded by José Darío Argüello
Succeeded by Luis Antonio Argüello
Personal details
Born 1761
Died 1826
Profession Politician, soldier
Religion Roman Catholic

Pablo Vicente de Solá, (1761–1826), was a Basque[1] Spanish colonial governor of Spanish Alta California 1815-1822, the last under the Viceroyalty of New Spain. He was born in Mondragón, Gipuzkoa (Spain).[2][3][4]


  • Land grants 1
  • New Spain ceases 2
  • Hippolyte Bouchard 3
  • Character, intellect 4
  • See also 5
  • References 6

Land grants

Solá granted in 1821 the 3,127-acre (1,265 ha) Rancho Rincon de los Bueyes to Bernardo Higuera and Cornelio Lopez. It lay in present day Los Angeles County, California, encompassing contemporary Cheviot Hills, Rancho Park, the northeast extension of Culver City, and a small section of Baldwin Hills with Ballona Creek.[5] He explored the California valleys to help selected possible new sites to build new Spanish missions in California. [6]

Other Spanish land grants of Solá include:

New Spain ceases

Solá served under the Viceroyalty of New Spain. The viceroyalty ceased to exist after its 1821 defeat in the Mexican War of Independence; the First Mexican Empire replaced it. The transfer of Spanish California to Mexico rule was completed with little disruption, and Solá himself presided over the official ceremony (1821). News of Mexico's victory slowly reached north to Alta California, and not until 1822 did Luis Antonio Argüello replace Solá as the Mexican provisional governor, and then as the first appointed Mexican colonial governor. Argüello was also the first native-born Californian to govern the state. He became first governor under the Mexican administration. He a first was very opposed to the independence revolution. He threaten to anyone in favor of the independence revolution. But when Canon Agustin Fernandez de San Vicente, the commissioner from the imperial Spanish regency, came to Monterey and asked him to transfer his allegiance to Mexico, he changed his mind quickly. He took down the Spanish flag and raised the new Mexican flag.[7] In his tenure one new mission was founded: Mission San Rafael Arcángel on December 14, 1817.

Hippolyte Bouchard

Hippolyte Bouchard a pirate and corsair sailed towards California to exploit the Spanish trade. However the Spanish authorities knew his intentions since on 6 October the Clarion had reported two corsair ships were ready to attack the Californian coast. The governor Pablo Vicente de Solá in Monterey ordered removal from the city all valuables and two thirds of the gunpowder stocked in the military outposts.[8] On 20 November 1818, the watchman of Punta de Pinos, located at the tip of the southern end of Monterey Bay, sighted the two Argentine ships. The Solá was informed; the Spanish prepared the cannons along the coastline, the garrison manned their battle stations, and the women, children, and men unfit to fight were sent to an inland mission at Soledad.[9] Bouchard met with his officers to design the attack plan. Sir Peter Corney knew the bay from two previous visits to Monterey. They used the corvette Santa Rosa to attack since the deep draft frigate La Argentina might run aground. The frigate had to be towed by small boats and out of range of the Spanish artillery. Once it was out of range, Bouchard sent captain Sheppard to the Santa Rosa, leading two hundred soldiers, carrying firearms and lances.[9]On 24 November, before dawn, Bouchard ordered his men to board the boats. They were 200: 130 had rifles and 70 had spears. They landed 7 km (4.3 mi) away from the fort in a hidden creek. The fort resisted ineffectively, and after an hour of combat the Argentine flag flew over it.[10] The Argentines took the city for six days, during which time they stole the cattle and burned the fort, the artillery headquarters, the governor's residence and the Spanish houses. The town's residents were unharmed.[11]On 3 April 1819 Hippolyte Bouchard's California expedition ended. He went to Valparaíso, in Chile in order to collaborate with José de San Martín's campaign to liberate Perú.[12]

Character, intellect

Solá kept in line with Borica's Enlightenment outlook. He imported schoolteachers and he even supported two of them with his personal funding.

During his term in office, another Basque, Vicente Francisco de Sarría, was the president of the California missions. However, their relationship was not as close as that of Diego de Borica and Lasuén, due to their differing stance on contemporary events affecting the Basque Country and Spain.

Governor de Sola helped the a youth Mariano Guadalupe Vallejo get a formal education from an English tutor and taught him about California politics that helped him become leader later in life.[13]

See also


  1. ^ Douglass, William A.; Bilbao, Jon (2005) [1975]. Amerikanuak: Basques in the New World. Reno, NV: University of Nevada Press. p. 194.  
  2. ^ MEXICAN GOVERNORS OF CALIFORNIA, H. D. BARROWS,Annual Publication of the Historical Society of Southern California and Pioneer Register, Los Angeles
  3. ^, Social Studies Fact, California History 1820s
  4. ^, Pablo Vicente de Solá
  5. ^ U.S. Geological Survey Geographic Names Information System: Rancho Rincon de los Bueyes
  6. ^, California's Inland Chain of Missions, By Tom Davis
  7. ^, Pablo Vicente de Solá
  8. ^ De Marco 2002, p. 177.
  9. ^ a b De Marco 2002, p. 178.
  10. ^ De Marco 2002, p. 180.
  11. ^ De Marco 2002, pp. 180–181.
  12. ^ , Oai Valley History, The Pirate Hippolyte Bouchard
  13. ^, Mariano Guadalupe Vallejo
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