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Pallava alphabet

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Pallava alphabet

Pallava
Type
Languages Tamil, Prakrit
Time period
6th century CE to 9th century CE
Parent systems
Brāhmī
  • Southern Brāhmī
    • Pallava
Sister systems
Vatteluttu alphabet

The Pallava script, a Brahmic script, was developed under the Pallava dynasty of Southern India around the 6th century CE.

Southeast Asian scripts such as Javanese,[1] Kawi, Baybayin, Mon, Burmese,[2] Khmer,[3] Tai Tham, Thai[4] Lao,[5] and the New Tai Lue alphabets are either direct or indirect derivations from the Pallava alphabet.[6]

Contents

  • Form 1
    • Consonants 1.1
    • Independent Vowels 1.2
  • Bibliography 2
  • References 3
  • External links 4

Form

The form shown here is based on examples from the 7th century AD. Letters labeled * have uncertain sound value, as they have little occurrence in Southeast Asia. (Chart of images based on Pallava glyphs presented at SkyKnowledge.com.)

Consonants

Each consonant has an inherent /a/, which will be sounded if no vowel sign is attached. If two consonants follow one another without intervening vowel, the second consonant is made into a subscript form, and attached below the first.

ka kha ga gha ṅa ca cha ja jha* ña ṭa ṭha* ḍa ḍha* ṇa ta tha
da dha na pa pha ba bha ma ya ra la va śa ṣa sa ha

Independent Vowels

a aa i ii u e o ai* au*

Bibliography

  • Sivaramamurti, C, Indian Epigraphy and South Indian Scripts. Bulletin of the Madras Government Museum. Chennai 1999

References

  1. ^ "Javanese alphabet, pronunciation and language (aksara jawa)". Omniglot.com. Retrieved 2012-03-11. 
  2. ^ "Burmese/Myanmar script and pronunciation". Omniglot.com. Retrieved 2012-03-11. 
  3. ^ "Khmer/Cambodian alphabet, pronunciation and language". Omniglot.com. Retrieved 2012-03-11. 
  4. ^ http://www.ancientscripts.com/thai.html
  5. ^ "Lao alphabet, pronunciation and language". Omniglot.com. Retrieved 2012-03-11. 
  6. ^ "Pallava script". SkyKnowledge.com. 2010-12-30. 

External links

  • Media related to at Wikimedia Commons
  • Examples of Pallava at SkyKnowledge.com
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