World Library  
Flag as Inappropriate
Email this Article

Patriotic Party (Guatemala)

Article Id: WHEBN0002636199
Reproduction Date:

Title: Patriotic Party (Guatemala)  
Author: World Heritage Encyclopedia
Language: English
Subject: Politics of Guatemala, Guatemalan general election, 2011, Congress of Guatemala, Elections in Guatemala, Guatemalan general election, 2003
Collection: Political Parties in Guatemala
Publisher: World Heritage Encyclopedia

Patriotic Party (Guatemala)

Patriotic Party
Partido Patriota
Leader Valentín Gramajo
General Secretary Valentín Gramajo
Slogan "Hard Hand: I'm a patriot and I love my country"
(Mano Dura: Soy patriota y amo a mi país)
Founded March 13, 2001 (2001-03-13)
Headquarters 11 calle 11-54 zona 1,
Guatemala City
Ideology Liberal conservatism[1]
Political position Right-wing[2]
International affiliation Liberal International[3]
Regional affiliation RELIAL
Colors      Orange
Seats in Congress
17 / 158
Politics of Guatemala
Political parties

The Patriotic Party (Spanish: Partido Patriota, PP) is a conservative political party in Guatemala. It was founded on 24 February 2001 by retired Army General Otto Pérez Molina.


  • 2003 election 1
  • 2007 election 2
  • 2011 election 3
  • Armed attacks on the Patriotic Party 4
  • References 5
  • External links 6

2003 election

At the legislative elections held on 9 November 2003, the party was part of the Grand National Alliance which won 24.3% of the vote and 47 out of 158 Congressional seats. The presidential candidate of the alliance, Óscar Berger Perdomo, won 34.3% at the presidential elections of the same day. He won 54.1% at the second round and was elected president.

2007 election

In 2007 elections, the Patriotic Party won 15.91% of the vote and 30 seats in Congress. Presidential candidate General Otto Pérez Molina placed second in the presidential race with 23.5% of the vote, eventually losing in the November 4 run-off to Álvaro Colom of the National Unity of Hope (UNE).

2011 election

In 2011 elections, the party again chose Pérez Molina as its presidential candidate. He came in first place with 36.01% of the vote; in the Legislative Election, the party won 26.62% of the vote and 56 seats in Congress, more than any other party. On November 6, 2011, in the second round of the election, Pérez Molina was elected President of Guatemala.

Armed attacks on the Patriotic Party

Some party members have been attacked by unidentified elements, probably belonging to rival right wing factions. On 11 November 2000, Pérez Molina's son, Otto Pérez Leal, was attacked by gunmen while driving with his wife and infant daughter. On 21 February 2001, three days before Pérez Molina was scheduled to launch his new political party, masked gunmen attacked and wounded his daughter Lissette. The same day, masked gunmen shot and killed Patricia Castellanos Fuentes de Aguilar, who had just departed her house after meeting with Pérez Molina's wife, Rosa María Leal. On 14 March, four armed men shot and killed Jorge Rosal, a regional leader of the PP, as he left the party's Guatemala City headquarters. Four days earlier, Rosal had participated in a march with other members of the PP involved in the Civic Movement, a political association founded to protest government corruption. On 15 May, the widower of Patricia Castellanos, Francisco Aguilar Alonzom, who had been investigating his wife's death and had formed a citizens' group opposed to violence and impunity, was shot and killed in his car. Human rights groups claimed that the killings were politically motivated.[4]

On 9 October 2007, armed assailants shot and killed Aura Marina Salazar Cutzal, secretary to the Patriotic Party's congressional delegation and assistant to Pérez Molina, along with a professional bodyguard, Valerio Ramiro Castañón. Salazar Cutzal, 33, was a Kaqchikel Mayan Indian and a mother of two. Pérez Molina blamed organized crime for the killing and said it was the eighth murder of a member of his party.[5][6]


  1. ^ Wacker, Ulrich: Ex-General Otto Pérez Molina gewinnt Präsidentschaftswahlen in Guatemala (Ex-General Otto Pérez Molina wins presidential elections in Guatemala), Friedrich Naumann Foundation, 9 November 2011 (in German)
  2. ^ Christensen Bjune, Maren; Petersen, Stina (2010), "Guarding Privileges and Saving the Day: Guatemalan Elites and the Settlement of the Serrenazo", Presidential Breakdowns in Latin America (Palgrave Macmillan): 179 
  3. ^ Partido Patriota, Liberal International, Retrieved on 16 November 2011.
  4. ^ and
  5. ^
  6. ^

External links

  • Official web site Partido Patriota
This article was sourced from Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License; additional terms may apply. World Heritage Encyclopedia content is assembled from numerous content providers, Open Access Publishing, and in compliance with The Fair Access to Science and Technology Research Act (FASTR), Wikimedia Foundation, Inc., Public Library of Science, The Encyclopedia of Life, Open Book Publishers (OBP), PubMed, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Center for Biotechnology Information, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Institutes of Health (NIH), U.S. Department of Health & Human Services, and, which sources content from all federal, state, local, tribal, and territorial government publication portals (.gov, .mil, .edu). Funding for and content contributors is made possible from the U.S. Congress, E-Government Act of 2002.
Crowd sourced content that is contributed to World Heritage Encyclopedia is peer reviewed and edited by our editorial staff to ensure quality scholarly research articles.
By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. World Heritage Encyclopedia™ is a registered trademark of the World Public Library Association, a non-profit organization.

Copyright © World Library Foundation. All rights reserved. eBooks from World eBook Library are sponsored by the World Library Foundation,
a 501c(4) Member's Support Non-Profit Organization, and is NOT affiliated with any governmental agency or department.