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Paul Hirsch (politician)

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Title: Paul Hirsch (politician)  
Author: World Heritage Encyclopedia
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Subject: Adolf Heinrich von Arnim-Boitzenburg, Botho zu Eulenburg, Theobald von Bethmann-Hollweg, Mayors of Dortmund, Ministers President of Prussia
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Paul Hirsch (politician)

Paul Hirsch (17 November 1868 - 1 August 1940) was a German politician and a member of the Social Democratic Party who served as Prime Minister of Prussia from 1918 to 1920.


Hirsch was born in Prenzlau, Brandenburg. He attended the Evangelisches Gymnasium zum Grauen Kloster in Berlin and went on to study medicine, social sciences and economics at the Frederick William University. From 1892 he worked as a professional writer and journalist. He joined the Social Democratic Party and in 1899 was elected municipal councillor in the then independent town of Charlottenburg. From 1908 he was on of the first Social Democratic members of the Prussian House of Representatives and served as head of the SPD parliamentary group.

During the German Revolution of 1918–19, Hirsch together with the USPD politician Heinrich Ströbel became chairman of the provisional government of the Free State of Prussia (Rat der Volksbeauftragten) and also served as Interior Minister. On 4 January 1919 he dismissed the USPD chief of police Emil Eichhorn, which sparked the Spartacist uprising.

Hirsch supported the Greater Berlin Act of 1920. He resigned from his post after the Kapp Putsch, but remained a member of the Prussian Landtag until

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