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Petropavlovsk-Kamchatsky

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Petropavlovsk-Kamchatsky

Petropavlovsk-Kamchatsky (English)
Петропавловск-Камчатский (Russian)
-  City[1]  -
Petropavlovsk-Kamchatsky is located in Kamchatka Krai
Petropavlovsk-Kamchatsky
Petropavlovsk-Kamchatsky
Location of Petropavlovsk-Kamchatsky in Kamchatka Krai
Coordinates:
Coat of arms
Flag
City Day October 17
Administrative status (as of March 2010)
Country Russia
Federal subject Kamchatka Krai
Administratively subordinated to Petropavlovsk-Kamchatsky City Under Krai Jurisdiction[1]
Administrative center of Kamchatka Krai,[1] Petropavlovsk-Kamchatsky City Under Krai Jurisdiction[1]
Municipal status (as of October 2004)
Urban okrug Petropavlovsk-Kamchatsky Urban Okrug[2]
Administrative center of Petropavlovsk-Kamchatsky Urban Okrug[2]
Head Sergey Kondrashin
Representative body City Duma
Statistics
Area 362.14 km2 (139.82 sq mi)
Population (2010 Census) 179,780 inhabitants[3]
Rank in 2010 100th
Population (2013 est.) 181,618 inhabitants
Density(2010) 495/km2 (1,280/sq mi)
Time zone PETT (UTC+12:00)[4]
Founded October 17, 1740
Previous names Petropavlovsk (until 1924)
Postal code(s)[5] 683000 (main)
Dialing code(s) +7 4152
Official website

Petropavlovsk-Kamchatsky (Russian: Петропа́вловск-Камча́тский) is the city and the administrative, industrial, scientific, and cultural center of Kamchatka Krai, Russia. Population: 179,780 (2010 Census);[3] 198,028 (2002 Census);[6] 268,747 (1989 Census).[7]

Geography

The city is situated on high hills and surrounded by volcanoes. The surrounding terrain is mountainous enough that the horizon cannot be seen clearly from any point in town. Across Avacha Bay from the city is Russia's largest submarine base, the Rybachiy Nuclear Submarine Base, established during the Soviet regime and still used by the Russian Navy.[8] The city is located 6,766 kilometers (4,204 mi) from Moscow and about 2,220 kilometers (1,380 mi) from Vladivostok.

History

Section of Mikhail Tebenkov's 1872 Petropavlovsk harbor chart

The city was founded by Danish navigator Vitus Bering in the service of the Russian Navy. Bering reached Avacha Bay in late 1740 and laid the foundation stone for the harbor town, naming the new settlement "Petropavlovsk" (Peter and Paul) after his two ships, the St. Peter and the St. Paul, built in Okhotsk for his second expedition. The town's location on the sheltered Avacha Bay and at the mouth of the Avacha River saw it develop to become the most important settlement in Kamchatka. It was granted town status on April 9, 1812.

During the 1854–1855 Crimean War, the city was put under siege by the Anglo-French forces, but never fell. The city had been fortified under the command of Nikolay Muravyov-Amursky in the years prior, but only possessed a small garrison of a few hundred soldiers and sixty-seven cannons. After much exchange of fire, 600 allied troops landed south of the city, but were forced to retreat by only 230 Russian troops after heavy fighting. One week later, 900 allied troops landed east of the town, but were again repelled by the Russians. The allied ships then retreated from Russian waters. The total Russian losses were reported at around 100 men; those of the allies at least five times that number.

Petropavlovsk was a great source of fish, particularly salmon, and crab meat for the Soviet Union in the 20th century. Since the end of the Soviet era, fishing rights have also been granted to foreign interests. Poaching of salmon for their caviar at Petropavlovsk-Kamchatsky remains a problem, unhampered by lax law enforcement and widespread corruption.[9]

Administrative and municipal status

Petropavlovsk-Kamchatsky is the administrative center of the krai.[1] Within the framework of administrative divisions, it is incorporated as Petropavlovsk-Kamchatsky City Under Krai Jurisdiction—an administrative unit with the status equal to that of the districts.[1] As a municipal division, Petropavlovsk-Kamchatsky City Under Krai Jurisdiction is incorporated as Petropavlovsk-Kamchatsky Urban Okrug.[2]

Tourism

The city has developed a tourist infrastructure. About twenty large tourism companies offer a wide range of services from bear hunting to paragliding. No roads connect the Kamchatka Peninsula to the rest of the world. Travel to Petropavlovsk-Kamchatsky is expensive but is growing in popularity because of the remarkable scenery throughout the peninsula. The city is served by Petropavlovsk-Kamchatsky Airport.

Demographics

Ethnic Russians and Ukrainians make up the majority of the population; the city on its own has more inhabitants than the entire neighboring Chukotka Autonomous Okrug or Magadan Oblast.

The population was 179,780 in 2010; 179,800 in 2011; 179,784 in 2012; and 181,618 in 2013.

Climate

The climate is boreal (Köppen Dfc) and precipitation averages are estimated at 1,150 millimeters (45 in), or about three-and-a-half times as much as most of Siberia averages, with most falling as snow. Temperatures in winter are much milder than in Siberia—a typical January day averages −7 °C (19 °F), while in summer +14 °C (57 °F) constitutes an average August high. In warm years monthly high averages in July–August reach +18 °C (64 °F) and higher.[10]

Despite the generally high precipitation, the weather is less cloudy than in the adjacent Kuril Islands that are one of the least sunny places in the world,[11] since the city is located behind a peninsula to the north that blocks some of the fog from the Oyashio Current. Oceanic water in Avacha Bay and adjacent bays is also warmer than coastal waters of Kuril Islands and Okhotsk sea coast (except Southern Kuriles and Southern Sakhalin).

Climate data for Petropavlovsk-Kamchatsky
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record high °C (°F) 4.4
(39.9)
5.3
(41.5)
6.8
(44.2)
18.1
(64.6)
20.6
(69.1)
27.6
(81.7)
30.0
(86)
27.7
(81.9)
24.4
(75.9)
17.8
(64)
12.6
(54.7)
7.4
(45.3)
30.0
(86)
Average high °C (°F) −5.1
(22.8)
−4.5
(23.9)
−1.8
(28.8)
2.1
(35.8)
6.6
(43.9)
11.9
(53.4)
15.0
(59)
15.9
(60.6)
13.2
(55.8)
7.8
(46)
1.0
(33.8)
−3.5
(25.7)
4.9
(40.8)
Daily mean °C (°F) −7.6
(18.3)
−7.1
(19.2)
−4.6
(23.7)
−0.6
(30.9)
3.4
(38.1)
8.2
(46.8)
11.5
(52.7)
12.5
(54.5)
9.7
(49.5)
4.9
(40.8)
−1.3
(29.7)
−5.8
(21.6)
1.9
(35.4)
Average low °C (°F) −9.8
(14.4)
−9.4
(15.1)
−7
(19)
−2.6
(27.3)
1.2
(34.2)
5.7
(42.3)
9.3
(48.7)
10.2
(50.4)
7.1
(44.8)
2.6
(36.7)
−3.3
(26.1)
−7.9
(17.8)
−0.3
(31.5)
Record low °C (°F) −28.6
(−19.5)
−31.7
(−25.1)
−24.8
(−12.6)
−14.8
(5.4)
−7.2
(19)
−5.5
(22.1)
2.5
(36.5)
2.6
(36.7)
−1.1
(30)
−7.5
(18.5)
−16.5
(2.3)
−26
(−14.8)
−31.7
(−25.1)
Precipitation mm (inches) 118
(4.65)
80
(3.15)
84
(3.31)
90
(3.54)
64
(2.52)
53
(2.09)
62
(2.44)
91
(3.58)
111
(4.37)
174
(6.85)
130
(5.12)
109
(4.29)
1,166
(45.91)
Snowfall cm (inches) 75
(29.5)
111
(43.7)
134
(52.8)
119
(46.9)
51
(20.1)
8
(3.1)
0
(0)
0
(0)
0
(0)
5
(2)
15
(5.9)
40
(15.7)
558
(219.7)
Avg. precipitation days 18 17 17 16 14 14 16 16 13 16 15 16 188
% humidity 71 68 68 72 75 79 84 83 79 74 70 71 75
Mean monthly sunshine hours 105.4 115.8 176.7 192.0 192.2 192.0 170.5 176.7 177.0 158.1 123.0 93.0 1,872.4
Source #1: Погода и климат [12]
Source #2: Hong Kong Observatory [13]

Politics

Results of the Russian legislative elections

Parties/Year 2003 2007 2011
Communist Party 8.83% 8.89% 17.78%
Patriots of Russia
(including former Party of Peace and Unity)
0.35% 2.31% 2.53%
A Just Russia
(including former Rodina or Motherland-National Patriotic Union
Russian Party of Life
People's Party of the Russian Federation
and Russian Ecological Party "The Greens")
13.91% 7.41% 9.93%
Yabloko
(including former Union of People for education and research: "Партия СЛОН")
8.92% 1.85% 5.10%
Right Cause
(including former Citizens' Force
Democratic Party of Russia
and Union of Rightist Forces)
4.46% 2.74% 0.67%
United Russia
(including former Agrarian Party of Russia)
35.29% 61.78% 43.59%
Liberal Democratic Party 15.25% 12.00% 18.40%
Other minor parties 12.12%

Twin towns and sister cities

Petropavlovsk-Kamchatsky is twinned with:

Gallery

References

Notes

  1. ^ a b c d e f Law #46
  2. ^ a b c Law #220
  3. ^ a b Russian Federal State Statistics Service (2011). "Всероссийская перепись населения 2010 года. Том 1" [2010 All-Russian Population Census, vol. 1]. Всероссийская перепись населения 2010 года (2010 All-Russia Population Census) (in Russian).  
  4. ^ Правительство Российской Федерации. Федеральный закон №107-ФЗ от 3 июня 2011 г. «Об исчислении времени», в ред. Федерального закона №248-ФЗ от 21 июля 2014 г. «О внесении изменений в Федеральный закон "Об исчислении времени"». Вступил в силу по истечении шестидесяти дней после дня официального опубликования (6 августа 2011 г.). Опубликован: "Российская газета", №120, 6 июня 2011 г. (Government of the Russian Federation. Federal Law #107-FZ of June 31, 2011 On Calculating Time, as amended by the Federal Law #248-FZ of July 21, 2014 On Amending Federal Law "On Calculating Time". Effective as of after sixty days following the day of the official publication.).
  5. ^ Почта России. Информационно-вычислительный центр ОАСУ РПО. (Russian Post). Поиск объектов почтовой связи (Postal Objects Search) (Russian)
  6. ^  
  7. ^ Demoscope Weekly (1989). "Всесоюзная перепись населения 1989 г. Численность наличного населения союзных и автономных республик, автономных областей и округов, краёв, областей, районов, городских поселений и сёл-райцентров" [All Union Population Census of 1989: Present Population of Union and Autonomous Republics, Autonomous Oblasts and Okrugs, Krais, Oblasts, Districts, Urban Settlements, and Villages Serving as District Administrative Centers]. Всесоюзная перепись населения 1989 года[All-Union Population Census of 1989] (in Russian). Институт демографии Национального исследовательского университета: Высшая школа экономики [Institute of Demography at the National Research University: Higher School of Economics]. Retrieved August 9, 2014. 
  8. ^ [1]
  9. ^ Feifer, Gregory (July 22, 2007). "Poaching in Far Eastern Russia Threatens Ecosystem". NPR. Retrieved 29 June 2014. 
  10. ^ http://pogoda.ru.net/monitor.php?id=32583&month=8&year=2006 Pogoda.ru.net
  11. ^ See Climatological Norms of Simusir Island
  12. ^ Погода и климат. [2]. Retrieved on: April 8, 2010.
  13. ^ Climatological Norms of Petropavlovsk-Kamchatsky [3]. Retrieved on: August 24, 2011.
  14. ^ Russian presence in Japan
  15. ^ [4]
  16. ^ Alaska - Kamchatka Connections

Sources

  • Законодательное Собрание Камчатского края. Закон №46 от 29 апреля 2008 г. «Об административно-территориальном устройстве Камчатского края», в ред. Закона №279 от 2 июля 2013 г. «О внесении изменений в статьи 5 и 15 Закона Камчатского края "Об административно-территориальном устройстве Камчатского края"». Вступил в силу со дня официального опубликования. Опубликован: "Официальные Ведомости", №65-69, 6 мая 2008 г. (Legislative Assembly of Kamchatka Krai. Law #46 of April 29, 2008 On the Administrative-Territorial Structure of Kamchatka Krai, as amended by the Law #279 of July 2, 2013 On Amending Articles 5 and 15 of the Law of Kamchatka Krai "On the Administrative-Territorial Structure of Kamchatka Krai". Effective as of the day of the official publication.).
  • Совет народных депутатов Камчатской области. Закон №220 от 20 октября 2004 г. «О наделении Петропавловск-Камчатского городского муниципального образования статусом городского округа и об установлении границ Петропавловск-Камчатского городского округа». Вступил в силу со дня официального опубликования. Опубликован: "Официальные Ведомости", №77–78, 16 декабря 2004 г. (Council of People's Deputies of Kamchatka Oblast. Law #220 of October 20, 2004 On Granting Urban Okrug Status to Petropavlovsk-Kamchatsky Urban Municipal Formation and on Establishing the Borders of Petropavlovsk-Kamchatsky Urban Okrug. Effective as of the day of the official publication.).

External links

  • Official website of Petropavlovsk-Kamchatsky (Russian)
  • New photos of the city (Russian)
  • Photos of Kamchatka (Russian)
  • News of Petropavlovsk-Kamchatsky and Kamchatka Krai (Russian)
  • Petropavlovsk-Kamchatsky Internet portal (Russian)
  • History of the city of Petropavlovsk-Kamchatsky (Russian)
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