World Library  
Flag as Inappropriate
Email this Article

Political Ideology

Article Id: WHEBN0007587040
Reproduction Date:

Title: Political Ideology  
Author: World Heritage Encyclopedia
Language: English
Subject: Urk, Jeremy Jennings
Collection:
Publisher: World Heritage Encyclopedia
Publication
Date:
 

Political Ideology

Template:Basic Forms of government This is a list of political ideologies. Many political parties base their political action and election program on an ideology. In social studies, a political ideology is a certain ethical set of ideals, principles, doctrines, myths or symbols of a social movement, institution, class, and or large group that explains how society should work, and offers some political and cultural blueprint for a certain social order. A political ideology largely concerns itself with how to allocate power and to what ends it should be used. Some parties follow a certain ideology very closely, while others may take broad inspiration from a group of related ideologies without specifically embracing any one of them. The popularity of an ideology is in part due to the influence of moral entrepreneurs, who sometimes act in their own interests. Political idd ad political action committee are in a form related

Political ideologies have two dimensions:

  1. Goals: How society should be organized.
  2. Methods: The most appropriate way to achieve this goal.

An ideology is a collection of ideas. Typically, each ideology contains certain ideas on what it considers to be the best form of government (e.g. democracy, autocracy, etc.), and the best economic system (e.g. capitalism, socialism, etc.). Sometimes the same word is used to identify both an ideology and one of its main ideas. For instance, "socialism" may refer to an economic system, or it may refer to an ideology which supports that economic system.

Ideologies also identify themselves by their position on the political spectrum (such as the left, the centre or the right), though this is very often controversial. Finally, ideologies can be distinguished from political strategies (e.g. populism) and from single issues that a party may be built around (e.g. opposition to European integration or the legalization of marijuana).

The following list attempts to divide the ideologies found in practical political life into a number of groups; each group contains ideologies that are related to each other. The headers refer to names of the best-known ideologies in each group. The names of the headers do not necessarily imply some hierarchical order or that one ideology evolved out of the other. They are merely noting the fact that the ideologies in question are practically, historically and ideologically related to each other. Note that one ideology can belong to several groups, and there is sometimes considerable overlap between related ideologies. Also, keep in mind that the meaning of a political label can differ between countries and that parties often subscribe to a combination of ideologies.

The list is strictly alphabetical. Thus, placing one ideology before another does not imply that the first is more important or popular than the second.

Anarchism

Anarchism without adjectives

Environmentalist anarchism

Individualist anarchism

Religious anarchism

Social anarchism

Anarchist communism

Other

Communism

  • Stateless communism

Marxism

Left Communism

Leninism

Non marxist communisms

Conservatism

General

Regional variants

Other

Environmentalism

Feminism

General

Religious feminism

Liberalism

General

Libertarianism

Libertarian socialism

Right libertarianism

Radicalism

Other

Nationalism

General

Fascism

Regional variants

Zionism

Unification movements

Other

  • Arab nationalism
  • Black nationalism

Religious fundamentalism

General

Buddhism

Christianity

Hinduism

  • Hindu nationalism

Islam

Judaism

Mormonism

Sikhism

Socialism

General

Libertarian socialism

Libertarian Marxism

Social anarchism

Reformist socialism

Democratic socialism

Social Democracy


Regional variants

Religious socialism

Other

Revolutionary Socialism

General

Marxism

Anarchism

Other

See also

References

This article was sourced from Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License; additional terms may apply. World Heritage Encyclopedia content is assembled from numerous content providers, Open Access Publishing, and in compliance with The Fair Access to Science and Technology Research Act (FASTR), Wikimedia Foundation, Inc., Public Library of Science, The Encyclopedia of Life, Open Book Publishers (OBP), PubMed, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Center for Biotechnology Information, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Institutes of Health (NIH), U.S. Department of Health & Human Services, and USA.gov, which sources content from all federal, state, local, tribal, and territorial government publication portals (.gov, .mil, .edu). Funding for USA.gov and content contributors is made possible from the U.S. Congress, E-Government Act of 2002.
 
Crowd sourced content that is contributed to World Heritage Encyclopedia is peer reviewed and edited by our editorial staff to ensure quality scholarly research articles.
 
By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. World Heritage Encyclopedia™ is a registered trademark of the World Public Library Association, a non-profit organization.
 



Copyright © World Library Foundation. All rights reserved. eBooks from World eBook Library are sponsored by the World Library Foundation,
a 501c(4) Member's Support Non-Profit Organization, and is NOT affiliated with any governmental agency or department.