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Title: Pont-Saint-Esprit  
Author: World Heritage Encyclopedia
Language: English
Subject: Roquemaure, Gard, Antoine de Beauterne, Bridge-Building Brotherhood, GR footpath, Pont Saint-Bénézet
Collection: Communes of Gard, Conspiracy Theories
Publisher: World Heritage Encyclopedia


Pont-Saint-Esprit (Occitan: Lo Pònt Sant Esperit) is a commune in the Gard département in southern France. It is situated on the Rhône River and is the site of a historical crossing, hence its name. The Ardèche River flows into the Rhône, just to the north of the bridge. The residents are called Spiripontains.

Bouvier family origins

Pont-Saint-Esprit is famous as the town of origin of Michel Bouvier, a cabinetmaker, who was the ancestor of John Vernou Bouvier III, father of Jacqueline Kennedy.

1951 mass poisoning incident

On 15 August 1951, an outbreak of poisoning, marked by acute psychotic episodes and various physical symptoms, occurred in Pont-Saint-Esprit. More than 250 people were involved, including 50 persons interned in asylums and four deaths.[1] Most academic sources accept ergot poisoning as the cause of the epidemic, while a few theorize other causes such as poisoning by mercury, mycotoxins, or nitrogen trichloride.[2][3][4][5][6]


International relations

Pont-Saint-Esprit is twinned with:

See also


Further reading

  • John G. Fuller, The Day Of St. Anthony's Fire (New York: The MacMillan Company, 1968).

External links

  • Tourism office website
  • Document BBC Radio 4 programme on the Le Pain Maudit

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