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Pope County, Arkansas

Pope County, Arkansas
Pope County Courthouse
Map of Arkansas highlighting Pope County
Location in the state of Arkansas
Map of the United States highlighting Arkansas
Arkansas's location in the U.S.
Founded November 2, 1829
Named for John Pope
Seat Russellville
Largest city Russellville
Area
 • Total 831 sq mi (2,152 km2)
 • Land 813 sq mi (2,106 km2)
 • Water 18 sq mi (47 km2), 2.2%
Population
 • (2010) 61,754
 • Density 76/sq mi (29/km²)
Congressional district 3rd
Time zone Central: UTC-6/-5
Website .com.popecountyarwww

Pope County is a county located in the U.S. state of Arkansas. As of the 2010 census, the population was 61,754.[1] The county seat is Russellville.[2] The county was formed on November 2, 1829, from a portion of Crawford County and named for John Pope, the third governor of the Arkansas Territory. It is an alcohol prohibition or dry county.

Pope County is part of the Russellville, AR Micropolitan Statistical Area.

Contents

  • History 1
    • Civil War and Reconstruction 1.1
  • Geography 2
    • Major highways 2.1
    • Adjacent counties 2.2
    • National protected areas 2.3
  • Demographics 3
  • Communities 4
    • Cities 4.1
    • Towns 4.2
    • Unincorporated communities 4.3
  • Townships 5
  • See also 6
  • Notes 7
  • References 8

History

Civil War and Reconstruction

A large Democratic majority was ardently split into a "town or country" dichotomy at the local level. Further, the county was split between Union and Confederate sympathizers, with deep grudges being held by both sides for grievances committed during the opposite's rule during the war. After the war, Republicans controlled local government and the Democrats controlled the county economy. The political situation and cultural differences kept tensions high between the groups, occasionally resulting in violence. The most violent episode came to be known as the Pope County Militia War, a six-month drama involving robbery, plundering and murder. The state-controlled militia eventually arrived to enforce martial law in the county, making the local Democrats who were providing armed resistance to Clayton's Republican army heroes to Confederate sympathizers around the state.[3]

Geography

According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 831 square miles (2,150 km2), of which 813 square miles (2,110 km2) is land and 18 square miles (47 km2) (2.2%) is water.[4]

Major highways

Adjacent counties

National protected areas

Demographics

Age pyramid Pope County[10]

As of the 2000 United States Census,[11] there were 54,469 people, 20,701 households, and 15,008 families residing in the county. The population density was 67 people per square mile (26/km²). There were 22,851 housing units at an average density of 28 per square mile (11/km²). The racial makeup of the county was 93.73% White, 2.61% Black or African American, 0.68% Native American, 0.64% Asian, 0.03% Pacific Islander, 0.93% from other races, and 1.39% from two or more races. 2.06% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race.

There were 20,701 households out of which 34.30% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 58.60% were married couples living together, 10.20% had a female householder with no husband present, and 27.50% were non-families. 23.00% of all households were made up of individuals and 9.10% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.55 and the average family size was 3.00.

In the county the population was spread out with 25.50% under the age of 18, 11.60% from 18 to 24, 28.20% from 25 to 44, 21.90% from 45 to 64, and 12.70% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 35 years. For every 100 females there were 96.40 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 94.10 males.

The median income for a household in the county was $32,069, and the median income for a family was $39,055. Males had a median income of $29,914 versus $19,307 for females. The per capita income for the county was $15,918. About 11.60% of families and 15.20% of the population were below the poverty line, including 18.80% of those under age 18 and 14.00% of those age 65 or over.

Communities

Cities

Towns

Unincorporated communities

Townships

Townships in Pope County, Arkansas as of 2010

Townships in Arkansas are the divisions of a county. Each township includes unincorporated areas; some may have incorporated cities or towns within part of their boundaries. Arkansas townships have limited purposes in modern times. However, the United States Census does list Arkansas population based on townships (sometimes referred to as "county subdivisions" or "minor civil divisions"). Townships are also of value for historical purposes in terms of genealogical research. Each town or city is within one or more townships in an Arkansas county based on census maps and publications. The townships of Pope County are listed below; listed in parentheses are the cities, towns, and/or census-designated places that are fully or partially inside the township. [12][13]

Pope County formerly included 10 more townships. Allen Township was moved into Hogan Township around 1910, and Hill Township, Galla Creek Township, Independence Township, Lee Township, North Fork Township, Sand Spring Township, and Sulphur Township were also formerly active townships in Pope County. Holla Bend Township, containing the Holla Bend National Wildlife Refuge, has also been disbanded.

Township FIPS code ANSI code
(GNIS ID)
Population
center(s)
Pop.
(2010)
Pop.
density
(/mi²)
Pop.
density
(/km²)
Land area
(mi²)
Land area
(km²)
Water area
(mi²)
Water area
(km²)
Geographic coordinates
Bayliss 05-90159 69697 708 24.6 9.5 28.81 74.62 0.0979 0.2536
Burnett 05-90558 69698 452 20.9 8.1 21.65 56.07 0.1051 0.2722
Center 05-90735 69699 515 36.8 14.2 13.99 36.23 0.0339 0.0878
Clark 05-90813 69700 London 2969 115.3 44.6 25.73 66.64 6.0444 15.6549
Convenience 05-90921 69701 933 50.4 19.4 18.53 47.99 0.0942 0.2440
Dover 05-91134 69702 Dover 5277 119.1 46.0 44.29 114.7 0.3637 0.9420
Freeman 05-91377 69703 98 0.8 0.3 119.78 310.2 0.0000 0.0000
Galla 05-91407 69704 Pottsville 3523 88.7 34.3 39.71 102.8 1.8410 4.7682
Griffin 05-91536 69705 901 26.5 10.2 33.96 87.96 0.1106 0.2865
Gum Log 05-91560 69706 1420 71.6 27.6 19.84 51.39 0.0142 0.0368
Illinois 05-91812 69707 Russellville 25841 540.9 208.9 47.77 123.7 6.6022 17.0996
Jackson 05-91875 69708 Hector 1191 11.5 4.4 103.72 268.6 0.0505 0.1308
Liberty 05-92181 69709 805 14.2 5.5 56.64 146.7 0.0028 0.0073
Martin 05-92415 69710 1482 23.7 9.2 62.46 161.8 0.3931 1.0181
Moreland 05-92553 69711 700 52.2 20.2 13.40 34.71 0.0683 0.1769
Phoenix 05-92871 69712 334 26.7 10.3 12.51 32.40 0.0000 0.0000
Smyrna 05-93420 69713 173 2.4 0.9 70.69 183.1 0.0218 0.0565
Valley 05-93765 69714 2776 125.7 48.5 22.09 57.21 0.0144 0.0373
Wilson 05-94089 69715 Atkins 4371 77.6 30.0 56.32 145.9 3.0305 7.8490
Source:

See also

Notes

  1. ^ a b
  2. ^
  3. ^ Arsenault 1988, p. 29.
  4. ^
  5. ^
  6. ^
  7. ^
  8. ^
  9. ^
  10. ^ Based on 2000 census data
  11. ^
  12. ^
  13. ^

References

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