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Pope Urban VII

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Pope Urban VII

Pope
Urban VII
Papacy began 15 September 1590
Papacy ended 27 September 1590
Predecessor Sixtus V
Successor Gregory XIV
Orders
Ordination 30 March 1553
by Filippo Archinto
Consecration 4 April 1553
by Girolamo Verallo
Created Cardinal 12 December 1583
by Sixtus V
Personal details
Birth name Giovanni Battista Castagna
Born (1521-08-04)4 August 1521
Rome, Papal States
Died 27 September 1590(1590-09-27) (aged 69)
Rome, Papal States
Previous post
Other popes named Urban
Papal styles of
Pope Urban VII
Reference style His Holiness
Spoken style Your Holiness
Religious style Holy Father
Posthumous style None

Pope Urban VII (Latin: Urbanus VII; 4 August 1521 – 27 September 1590), born Giovanni Battista Castagna, was Pope from 15 to 27 September 1590. His thirteen-day papacy was the shortest in history.

Early life

Castagna was born in Rome in 1521 to a noble family, the son of Cosimo Castagna and Costanza Ricci Giacobazzi. He was of Genoese origin, although born in Rome. He was made Cardinal-Priest of S. Marcello in 1584. He had previously served as governor of Bologna and as archbishop of Rossano, and was for many years nuncio to Spain; his election to the papacy was largely backed by the Spanish faction.

Papacy

Election

He was chosen as the successor of Pope Sixtus V on 15 September 1590 and his election was partly due to the backing of Spanish factions. He selected the pontifical name of "Urban VII".

Activities

Urban VII's short passage in office gave rise to the world's first known public smoking ban, as he threatened to excommunicate anyone who "took tobacco in the porchway of or inside a church, whether it be by chewing it, smoking it with a pipe or sniffing it in powdered form through the nose".[1]

Death

Urban VII died on 27 September 1590, shortly before midnight, of malaria in Rome. He was buried in the Vatican. The funeral oration was delivered by Pompeo Ugonio. His remains were later transferred to the church of S. Maria sopra Minerva on 21 September 1606.

See also

References

  1. ^ "Public smoking ban: Europe on the move". European Society of Cardiology. 2006. Archived from the original on 24 May 2011. 

Bibliography

External links

  • Media related to at Wikimedia Commons
Catholic Church titles
Preceded by
Sixtus V
Pope
15–27 September 1590
Succeeded by
Gregory XIV


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