World Library  
Flag as Inappropriate
Email this Article

Prytaneion

Article Id: WHEBN0004027597
Reproduction Date:

Title: Prytaneion  
Author: World Heritage Encyclopedia
Language: English
Subject: Olympia, Greece, The Knights, Panticapaeum, Bouleuterion, Greeks in pre-Roman Crimea
Collection:
Publisher: World Heritage Encyclopedia
Publication
Date:
 

Prytaneion

Prytaneion of Panticapaeum, II b.c. (Kerch, Ukraine)

A Prytaneion (Ancient Greek: Πρυτανεῖον) was seat of the Prytaneis (executive), and so the seat of government in ancient Greece. The term is used to describe any of a range of ancient structures where officials met (normally relating to the government of a city) but the term is also used to refer to the building where the officials and winners of the Olympic games met at Olympia. The Prytaneion normally stood in centre of the city, in the agora. The building contained the holy fire of Hestia, the goddess of the hearth, and symbol of the life of the city.

Contents

  • Tholos, Athens 1
  • Prytaneion, Olympia 2
  • Prytaneion, Ephesus 3
  • See also 4
  • References 5
  • Sources 6

Tholos, Athens

At the southwest side of the agora in Athens, and part of the Bouleuterion complex stood the Tholos, a round temple (tholos is the Greek word for "circle"), eighteen metres in diameter, which served as seat of the Prytaneis of Athens and so was their Prytaneion. It was this round feature that allowed archaeologists to identify the badly damaged buildings surrounding it.[1] It functioned as a kind of all purpose venue, with both a dining hall and sleeping quarters for some of the officials.[2] This accommodation was necessary as, after the reforms under Cleisthenes, one third of the senate had to be present in the complex at all times. It was built around 470 BCE by Cimon, to serve as a dining hall for the boule (members of the senate).[3]

Prytaneion, Olympia

At Olympia, the Prytaneion[4] was where the priests and magistrates lived; the high priests lived in the Theokoleon.[5] It stands to the north-west of the Temple of Hera and was used for celebrations and feasts by the winners of the games.[6] It also housed the Altar of Hestia where the original Olympic flame once burnt.[6]

Prytaneion, Ephesus

See also

References

  1. ^ Camp, John McK. The Athenian Agora: Excavations in the Heart of Classical Athens. New York, N.Y. (500 Fifth Ave., New York 10110): Thames and Hudson, 1992. Print"
  2. ^ "Tholos, Athens" in Archaeopaedia.
  3. ^ "Athens - Prytaneion" Bouleuterion: Birthplace of Democracy.
  4. ^ "Project Perseus:", Olympia, Prytaneion (Building)
  5. ^ "Festivals and Games", Olympia: Pathways to Ancient Myth at Calvin College
  6. ^ a b "The Altis", Olympia: Pathways to Ancient Myth at Calvin College

Sources

  • Miller, Stephen G. The Prytaneion. Its Function and Architectural Form. Berkeley: University of California Press, 1978.
This article was sourced from Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License; additional terms may apply. World Heritage Encyclopedia content is assembled from numerous content providers, Open Access Publishing, and in compliance with The Fair Access to Science and Technology Research Act (FASTR), Wikimedia Foundation, Inc., Public Library of Science, The Encyclopedia of Life, Open Book Publishers (OBP), PubMed, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Center for Biotechnology Information, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Institutes of Health (NIH), U.S. Department of Health & Human Services, and USA.gov, which sources content from all federal, state, local, tribal, and territorial government publication portals (.gov, .mil, .edu). Funding for USA.gov and content contributors is made possible from the U.S. Congress, E-Government Act of 2002.
 
Crowd sourced content that is contributed to World Heritage Encyclopedia is peer reviewed and edited by our editorial staff to ensure quality scholarly research articles.
 
By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. World Heritage Encyclopedia™ is a registered trademark of the World Public Library Association, a non-profit organization.
 



Copyright © World Library Foundation. All rights reserved. eBooks from World eBook Library are sponsored by the World Library Foundation,
a 501c(4) Member's Support Non-Profit Organization, and is NOT affiliated with any governmental agency or department.