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Qannir

Qannir
Qannir is located in Mandatory Palestine
Qannir
Qannir
Arabic قنْير
Also spelled Kannir
Subdistrict Haifa
Coordinates
Population 750[1] (1945)
Area 10,826[1] dunams

11.3 km²

Date of depopulation 25 April 1948[2]
Cause(s) of depopulation Influence of nearby town's fall
Secondary cause Fear of being caught up in the fighting
Current localities Regavim

Qannir (Arabic: قنْير‎) was a Palestinian village, located 35 kilometers south of Haifa. With 750 inhabitants in 1945, it was depopulated in the lead up to the 1948 Arab-Israeli war.

Contents

  • History 1
    • 1948, and after 1.1
  • See also 2
  • References 3
  • Bibliography 4
  • External links 5

History

Qannir appears on sheet 45 Jacotin's map drawn-up during Napoleon's invasion in 1799.[3] In 1859, the English consul Rogers estimated the population to be 250, who cultivated 24 feddans of land. By the 1880s, The Survey of Western Palestine described the place as a village of mud of moderate size, with one well to the south, and another to the west.[4] By a later account, the village consisted of stone houses built side by side.[5]

By 1944/45 the village had a total of 5,760 dunums of land allocated to cereals; while 460 dunums were irrigated or used for orchards.[5][6]

1948, and after

Between 22 -24 April 1948, the women and children of Qannir started to evacuate the village, apparently on [Arab] "orders from on high".[7][8]

According to a dispatch sent by Fawzi al-Qawuqji to the [Arab] High Command, an enemy attack from Ein Hashofeit started on 0400 on 8th May towards Quannir and Kafr Quari. The attackers were supported by armored cars. According to al-Qawuqji the attack was "resisted and repelled", with a result of one killed and four wounded on the Palestinian side.[9]

However, according to Haganah sources, the forces of the Alexandroni Brigade "raided the village on 9 May 1948, killed four Arabs and blew up 55 houses".[10] According to Morris, the remaining villagers probably left at this time.[11] The Jewish Israeli locality of Regavim, established in 1949, is located on the village's former lands.[5]

Khalidi described the place in 1992:
Stone rubble is strewn about the site, which is covered with thorns, fig trees, and cactus. Part of the adjacent land is used by Israelis as pasture and the other part is cultivated.[5]

See also

References

  1. ^ a b Hadawi, 1970, p.48
  2. ^ Morris, 2004, p.xviii village #171. Also gives causes of depopulation
  3. ^ Palestine Exploration Quarterly Jan-Apr 1944. Jacotin's Map of Palestine. D.H.Kellner. p. 161.
  4. ^ Conder and Kitchener, 1881, SWP II, p.42. Cited in Khalidi, 1992, p. 181.
  5. ^ a b c d Khalidi, 1992, p.181
  6. ^ Hadawi, 1970, p.91
  7. ^ Morris, 2004, p. 175, note 67: "Summary of Intelligence for Alexandroni Brigade (11.5.48), No. 8´IDFA (=Israel Defense Forces and Defence Ministry Archive) 2506\49\\80.
  8. ^ Morris, 2004, p. 244 note 623: Tiroshi (Eitan)´to HIS-AD, 29 Apr. 1948, HA 105\257; and HIS-AD (=Haganah Intelligence Service -Arab Department) Information 29.4.48. IDFA 922\75\\1205.
  9. ^ al-Qawuqji, 1972, "Memoirs, 1948, Part II" , Dispatch 9/5 1948, Quoted in Khalidi, 1992, p. 181
  10. ^ Morris, 2004, p. 244, note 624: Tiroshi (Eitan)´to HIS-AD, 3 May 1948, IDFA 6400\49\\66; and Logbook, entry for 9th May 1948, IDFA 665\51\\1.
  11. ^ Morris, 2004, p. 244

Bibliography

External links

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