World Library  
Flag as Inappropriate
Email this Article
 

Ronald Colman

Ronald Colman
Born Ronald Charles Colman
(1891-02-09)9 February 1891
Richmond, Surrey, England, United Kingdom
Died 19 May 1958(1958-05-19) (aged 67)
Santa Barbara, California, U.S.
Cause of death Emphysema
Occupation Actor
Years active 1914–57
Spouse(s) Thelma Raye (1920–1934)
Benita Hume (1938–1958; his death)
Children 1 daughter

Ronald Charles Colman (9 February 1891 – 19 May 1958) was an English actor, popular during the 1930s and 1940s.[1] He won an Academy Award for Best Actor for A Double Life (1947) and received nominations for Random Harvest (1942) and Bulldog Drummond/Condemned (1929, nominated for his work in both). Colman starred in several classic films, including A Tale of Two Cities (1935), Lost Horizon (1937), The Prisoner of Zenda (1937) and The Talk of the Town (1942).

Contents

  • Early years 1
  • First World War 2
  • Career 3
    • Theatre 3.1
    • Film 3.2
    • Fame 3.3
    • Radio and television 3.4
  • Death 4
  • Awards and honours 5
  • Filmography 6
  • Radio appearances 7
  • References 8
  • External links 9

Early years

He was born in Richmond, Surrey, England, as Ronald Charles Colman, the second son and fourth child[2] of Charles Colman and his wife Marjory Read Fraser. His siblings included Eric, Edith and Marjorie. He was educated at boarding school in Littlehampton, where he discovered that he enjoyed acting, despite his shyness.[3] He intended to study engineering at Cambridge, but his father's sudden death from pneumonia in 1907 made it financially impossible.[3]

He became a well-known amateur actor and was a member of the West Middlesex Dramatic Society in 1908–09. He made his first appearance on the professional stage in 1914.

First World War

While working as a clerk at the British Steamship Company in the City of London,[2] he joined the London Scottish Regiment[4] in 1909 as a Territorial Army soldier, and on being mobilised on the outbreak of the First World War, crossed the English Channel to France in September 1914 to take part in the fighting on the Western Front. On 31 October 1914, at the Battle of Messines,[4] Colman was seriously wounded by shrapnel in his ankle, which gave him a limp that he would attempt to hide throughout the rest of his acting career. As a consequence, he was invalided out of the British Army in 1915.[5] His fellow Hollywood actors Claude Rains, Herbert Marshall, Cedric Hardwicke and Basil Rathbone all saw service with the London Scottish in the war.

Career

Theatre

As poet François Villon in If I Were King (1938)

Ronald Colman had sufficiently recovered from wartime injuries to appear at the The Little Brother. During 1918, he toured as David Goldsmith in The Bubble.

In 1920, Colman went to America and toured with Robert Warwick in The Dauntless Three, and subsequently toured with Empire Theatre (New York City) in La Tendresse.

Film

with Jean Arthur in Talk of the Town (1942)

Ronald Colman had first appeared in films in Britain in 1917 and 1919 for director Cecil Hepworth, and subsequently with the old Broadwest Film Company in The Snow of the Desert. While appearing on stage in New York in La Tendresse, Director Henry King saw him, and engaged him as the leading man in the 1923 film, The White Sister, opposite Lillian Gish, and he was an immediate success. Thereafter Colman virtually abandoned the stage for film. He became a very popular silent film star in both romantic and adventure films, among them The Dark Angel (1925), Stella Dallas (1926), Beau Geste (1927) and The Winning of Barbara Worth (1926). His dark hair and eyes and his athletic and riding ability (he did most of his own stunts until late in his career) led reviewers to describe him as a "Valentino type". He was often cast in similar, exotic roles.[6] Towards the end of the silent era, Colman was teamed with Hungarian actress Vilma Bánky under Samuel Goldwyn and the two were a popular film team rivalling Greta Garbo and John Gilbert.

Although he was a huge success in silent films, he was unable to capitalise on one of his chief assets until the advent of the talking picture, "his beautifully modulated and cultured voice."[7] also described as "a bewitching, finely-modulated, resonant voice." Colman was often viewed as a suave English gentleman, whose voice embodied chivalry and mirrored the image of a "Stereotypical English gentleman." [8][9] Commenting on Colman's appeal, English film critic David Shipman stated that Colman was "'the dream lover - calm, dignified, trustworthy. Although he was a lithe figure in adventure stories, his glamour - which was genuine - came from his respectability; he was an aristocratic figure without being aloof.'"[10]

His first major talkie success was in 1930, when he was nominated for the Benita Hume.

Fame

Ronald Colman has been mentioned in many novels, but he is specifically mentioned in Ralph Ellison's Invisible Man because of his charming, well-known voice. The main character of this novel says that he wishes he could have a voice like Ronald Colman's because it is charming and he relates the voice to a voice of a gentleman or a man from Esquire magazine.[11] Ronald Colman was indeed very well known for his voice. Encyclopædia Britannica says that Colman had a "resonant, mellifluous speaking voice with a unique, pleasing timbre".[12] Along with his charming voice, Colman had a very confident performing manner that helped make him a major star of sound films.[13]

Radio and television

Beginning in 1945, Colman made many guest appearances on The Jack Benny Program on radio, alongside his second wife, stage and screen actress Benita Hume. Their comedy work as Benny's perpetually exasperated next-door neighbours led to their own radio comedy The Halls of Ivy from 1950 to 1952, created by Fibber McGee & Molly mastermind Don Quinn, on which the Colmans played the literate, charming president of a middle American college and his former-actress wife. Listeners were surprised to discover that the episode of 24 January 1951, "The Goya Bequest"—a story examining the bequest of a Goya painting that was suspected of being a fraud hyped by its late owner to avoid paying customs duties when bringing it to the United States—was written by Colman himself, who poked fun at his accomplishment while taking a rare turn giving the evening's credits at the show's conclusion.

The Halls of Ivy ran on NBC radio from 1950 to 1952, then moved to CBS television for the 1954-55 season.[14]

Colman was also the host and occasional star of Favorite Story, which ran on NBC from 13 September 1947 to 1949. Of note was his narration and portrayal of Scrooge in a 1948 production of "A Christmas Carol".

Death

Ronald Colman died on 19 May 1958, aged 67, from acute emphysema in Santa Barbara, California, and was interred in the Santa Barbara Cemetery. He had a daughter, Juliet Benita Colman (born 1944), by his second wife Benita Hume.[15]

Awards and honours

Colman was nominated three times for the Academy Award for Best Actor. At the 3rd Academy Awards ceremony he received a single nomination for his work in two films; Bulldog Drummond (1929) and Condemned (1929). He was nominated again for Random Harvest (1942), before winning for A Double Life (1947), where he played the role of Anthony John, an actor playing Othello who comes to identify with the character. He also won the Golden Globe award for Best Actor in 1947 for his role in A Double Life. In 2002, Colman's Oscar statuette was sold at auction by Christie's for US$174,500.[16]

Colman is a recipient of the George Eastman Award, given by George Eastman House for distinguished contribution to the art of film.

Colman has two stars on the Hollywood Walk of Fame in Los Angeles, one for motion pictures at 6801 Hollywood Blvd. and one for television at 1623 Vine Street.

He is the subject of a biography written by his daughter Juliet Benita Colman in 1975, "Ronald Colman: A Very Private Person".

Filmography

Radio appearances

Year Program Episode/source
1946 Academy Award Lost Horizon[17]
1946 Encore Theatre Yellowjack[18]
1952 Lux Radio Theatre Les Misérables[19]
1953 Suspense Vision of Death[20]

References

  1. ^ Obituary Variety, 21 May 1958.
  2. ^ a b
  3. ^ a b "Shelley Winters." Britannica Book of the Year, 2007. Encyclopedia Britannica Online Academic Edition. Encyclopedia Britannica Inc., 2013.Web.16 September 2013
  4. ^ a b
  5. ^ Morley, Sheridan. (1983.) Tales from the Hollywood Raj: The British, the Movies and Tinseltown. The Viking Press, p. 66.
  6. ^ Quirk, Lawrence J., The Films of Ronald Colman, Secaucus, New Jersey, 1977.
  7. ^ Franklin, Joe, Classics of the Silent Screen, p. 148, 1959 The Citadel Press
  8. ^ Franklin, Joe. Classics of the Silent Screen: A Pictorial Treasury. New York: Bramhall House, 1959. Print
  9. ^ Zito, Stephen F., American Film Institute and the Library of Congress, Cinema Club 9 Program Notes, April, 1973 Post Newsweek Stations, Washington, D.C.
  10. ^ Morley, p. 65.
  11. ^
  12. ^
  13. ^
  14. ^
  15. ^ "Cremation for Ronald Colman" (AP). Kentucky New Era. 19 May 1958. p. 11.
  16. ^ Dave Kehr, (22 July 2003)New York Times"Objection Quashes Sale of Welles's 'Kane' Oscar",
  17. ^
  18. ^
  19. ^
  20. ^
  • Parker, John, editor, Who's Who in the Theatre, 10th edition revised, London, 1947, p. 437.

External links

This article was sourced from Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License; additional terms may apply. World Heritage Encyclopedia content is assembled from numerous content providers, Open Access Publishing, and in compliance with The Fair Access to Science and Technology Research Act (FASTR), Wikimedia Foundation, Inc., Public Library of Science, The Encyclopedia of Life, Open Book Publishers (OBP), PubMed, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Center for Biotechnology Information, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Institutes of Health (NIH), U.S. Department of Health & Human Services, and USA.gov, which sources content from all federal, state, local, tribal, and territorial government publication portals (.gov, .mil, .edu). Funding for USA.gov and content contributors is made possible from the U.S. Congress, E-Government Act of 2002.
 
Crowd sourced content that is contributed to World Heritage Encyclopedia is peer reviewed and edited by our editorial staff to ensure quality scholarly research articles.
 
By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. World Heritage Encyclopedia™ is a registered trademark of the World Public Library Association, a non-profit organization.
 



Copyright © World Library Foundation. All rights reserved. eBooks from World eBook Library are sponsored by the World Library Foundation,
a 501c(4) Member's Support Non-Profit Organization, and is NOT affiliated with any governmental agency or department.