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Rubble film

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Title: Rubble film  
Author: World Heritage Encyclopedia
Language: English
Subject: Cinema of Germany, Mob film, Film genres, Coming-of-age story, Romance film
Collection: Cinema of Germany, Film Genres
Publisher: World Heritage Encyclopedia

Rubble film

Rubble film (German: Trümmerfilm) was the style of choice for those films made directly after World War II dealing with the impact of the ravages of the war on the countries at the center of battle. The style is characterized by its use of location exteriors among the "rubble" of bombed-down cities to bring the gritty, depressing reality of the lives of the civilian survivors in those early years.[1]

Topics of the rubble films include:

  • Problems of returning soldiers.
  • The poverty, suffering and distress in post-war Germany.
  • Stunde Null
  • Confrontation with the past, particularly with issues of collective guilt.
  • Crime and Punishment.
  • War damage and war losses.
  • Life among the rubble.

Notable films to utilize this style are Germany Year Zero (1948), The Murderers Are Among Us (1946), In jenen Tagen [2] (In Those Days, 1947), and Lang ist der Weg (Long is the Way, 1949).

The style was mostly used by filmmakers in the rebuilding film industries of Eastern Europe, Italy and the former Nazi Germany.[1] According to one scholar, "the "rubble film" of East Germany did not develop its neorealist aesthetics as did Italy."[3]


  1. ^ a b Shandley, Robert R. (2001). Rubble films: German cinema in the shadow of the Third Reich. Philadelphia, PA: Temple University Press.  
  2. ^ Muller, Sabine (2012-10). "Narration, Rubble Film, and Narratability: Helmut Kautner's In Jenen Tagen". Modern Language Review. Retrieved 2014-04-09. 
  3. ^ "Bright Lights Film Journal". German National Cinema. Retrieved 2014-04-09. 
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