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Rumana, Israel

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Rumana, Israel

For other places with similar names, see Rumman (disambiguation).
Rumana
רומאנה
رمانة
Rumana
Rumana

Coordinates: 32°47′17″N 35°18′38″E / 32.78806°N 35.31056°E / 32.78806; 35.31056Coordinates: 32°47′17″N 35°18′38″E / 32.78806°N 35.31056°E / 32.78806; 35.31056

District North
Council al-Batuf
Population (2011) 1,034
Name meaning "The Pomegranate" (Rimmon)[1]

Rumana (Arabic: رمانة‎; Hebrew: רֻמָּנָה, רומאנה) is an Arab village in northern Israel. Located near Nazareth, it falls under the jurisdiction of al-Batuf Regional Council. In 2011 it had a population of 1,034.[2]

History

In 1596, Rumana appeared in Ottoman tax registers as being in the nahiya of Tabariyya in the liwa of Safad. It had a population of 9 households, all Muslim. The villagers paid taxes on wheat, barley, fruit trees, cotton, goats and beehives.[3]

Biblical scholar Edward Robinson passed by the village in 1852, and assumed it was the ancient Rimmon of the Tribe of Zebulun.[4] French explorer Victor Guérin described the village in 1870s as being small, and protected from the outside by a continuous wall, and hedges of cactus. He also found many fine remains from former times and also speculates that it might be the Biblical site of Rimon, which is mentioned in the Book of Joshua.[5] (Joshua 19:13) In the 1881 "Survey of Western Palestine", the village (called Rummaneh) was described as:
A small village built of stone, and containing about 70 Moslems. It is situated on a low ridge above the plain, and there are a few olive-trees around. The water supply is from cisterns and a well.[6]

In a census conducted in 1922 by the British Mandate authorities, Rummaneh had a population of 37, of which 33 were Muslims and 4 Christians,[7] while in the 1931 census, Rummana had 36 occupied houses and population of 197; 2 Christians and 195 Muslim.[8] In 1945 the population was 590 while the total land area was 1,493 dunams, according to an official land and population survey.[9] Of this, 28 dunams were allocated for plantations and irrigable land, 796 for cereals,[10] while 5 dunams were classified as built-up areas.[11]

In 1948 the village was captured by the Israeli army during Operation Dekel, 15-18 July.[12] It remained under Martial Law until 1966.

Archeology

The SWP found cisterns and rock-cut caves, and traces of ancient remains at this village.[13]

References

Bibliography

  • Later biblical researches in Palestine, and in the adjacent regions: A journal of travels in the year 1852
  • Velde van de, Carel Willem Meredith (1854): 404)

External links

  • Welcome To Rummana
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