World Library  
Flag as Inappropriate
Email this Article

Sabinus Iulianus

Article Id: WHEBN0008041407
Reproduction Date:

Title: Sabinus Iulianus  
Author: World Heritage Encyclopedia
Language: English
Subject: 280s, 284, Diocletian, Tetrarchy
Collection: 280S Deaths, 3Rd-Century Roman Usurpers, Articles About Multiple People in Ancient Rome, Romans from Unknown Gentes, Year of Birth Unknown
Publisher: World Heritage Encyclopedia

Sabinus Iulianus

Sabinus Iulianus
Usurper(s) of the Roman Empire
Antoninianus of Iulianus, celebrating the two provinces of Pannonia.
Reign 283-285 or 286, against Carinus or Maximian
Full name
Marcus Aurelius Sabinus Iulianus
Died Italy or Africa Province

Marcus Aurelius Sabinus Iulianus[1] (also known as Julian of Pannonia; d. 285-286) was a Roman usurper (283-285 or 286) against Emperor Carinus or Maximian. It is possible that up to four usurpers with a similar name rebelled in a time-frame of a decade, but at least one of them is known by numismatic evidence.


  • Usurper against Carinus (283-285) 1
  • Usurper against Maximian and Diocletian 2
  • Notes 3
  • References 4
    • Primary sources 4.1
    • Secondary sources 4.2
  • External links 5

Usurper against Carinus (283-285)

Iulianus was a corrector in northern Italy, in 283/284,[2] (and not a praetorian prefect as stated by some sources).[3] Soon after the news of the death of Emperor Carus[2] (in 283) or Numerian[3] (in November 284) arrived in the western provinces, Iulianus revolted in Pannonia. He issued coins from Siscia, some of them bearing a legend celebrating Pannonia. Emperor Carinus, brother of Numerian, who had marched from Roman Britain to deal with the usurpation, met, defeated, and killed Iulianus early in 285, in Italy[4] (possibly in Verona),[5] or in Illyricum.[2]

According to some scholars, it is possible that two usurpers actually existed: a M. Aur. Iulianus, corrector in Italy, rebelled after Carus' death, with the control of Pannonia, and defeated in Illyricum; a Sabinus Iulianus, praetorian prefect, usurper in Italy after Numerian's death, defeated near Verona.[6]

Another usurper, simply named Iulianus, raised some turmoil in Africa Province, against Carinus, with the support of the Quinquegentani tribe.[7] It has been proposed[8] that the Julianus proconsul of Africa attested by an undated letter was put to death by Maximian with fabricated treason charges; his figure of rebel in Africa should be, therefore, linked to Sabinus Iulianus (see also Amnius Anicius Julianus).

Usurper against Maximian and Diocletian

A third Iulianus is mentioned revolting between the time Maximian had been raised to the rank of Augustus (1 March 286) and the time Constantius Chlorus and Galerius became Caesar (March 1, 293). The revolt of this Iulianus took place in Italy, but ended when, during a siege, a breach was opened in the walls of his city, and he threw himself in the fire.[9]


  1. ^ His name is known from his coins, where his name is given as "M. Aur. Iulianus", and from literary sources: Aurelius Victor (Epitome, 38.6) and Zosimus (1.73; 1.3) give "Sabinus Iulianus"; "Iulianus" is supported by Aurelius Victor, Liber, 39.10.
  2. ^ a b c Aurelius Victor, Liber, 39.10.
  3. ^ a b Zosimus, i.73.1.
  4. ^ Zosimus, i.73.3.
  5. ^ Aurelius Victor, Epitome, 38.6.
  6. ^ Morris.
  7. ^ Aurelius Victor, Liber, 39.22.
  8. ^ Bruce, L.D., "Diocletian, the Proconsul Iulianus and the Manichaeans", in C. Deroux, Studies in Latin Literature and Roman History, iii (Collection Latomus, 180; Brusselles), 336-347.
  9. ^ Aurelius Victor, Epitome, 39.3-4.


Primary sources

  • Aurelius Victor, Epitome de Caesaribus, 38.6, 39.3-4
  • Aurelius Victor, Liber de Caesaribus, 39.10, 39.22
  • Zosimus, Historia Nova,

Secondary sources

  • De Imperatoribus Romanis 286-293 A.D.)", ca.Banchich, Thomas, and Michael DiMaio, "Iulianus (
  • De Imperatoribus RomanisLeadbetter, William, "Carinus (283-285 A.D.)",
  • Morris, John; Arnold Hugh Martin Jones; John Robert Martindale (1992). The prosopography of the later Roman Empire. Cambridge University Press. p. 474.  

External links

  • Coinage of Julian of Pannonia
This article was sourced from Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License; additional terms may apply. World Heritage Encyclopedia content is assembled from numerous content providers, Open Access Publishing, and in compliance with The Fair Access to Science and Technology Research Act (FASTR), Wikimedia Foundation, Inc., Public Library of Science, The Encyclopedia of Life, Open Book Publishers (OBP), PubMed, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Center for Biotechnology Information, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Institutes of Health (NIH), U.S. Department of Health & Human Services, and, which sources content from all federal, state, local, tribal, and territorial government publication portals (.gov, .mil, .edu). Funding for and content contributors is made possible from the U.S. Congress, E-Government Act of 2002.
Crowd sourced content that is contributed to World Heritage Encyclopedia is peer reviewed and edited by our editorial staff to ensure quality scholarly research articles.
By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. World Heritage Encyclopedia™ is a registered trademark of the World Public Library Association, a non-profit organization.

Copyright © World Library Foundation. All rights reserved. eBooks from World eBook Library are sponsored by the World Library Foundation,
a 501c(4) Member's Support Non-Profit Organization, and is NOT affiliated with any governmental agency or department.