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Saeima

 

Saeima

Saeima
Type
Type
Leadership
Speaker
Structure
Seats 100
Political groups

Government (61)

Opposition (39)

Elections
Open list proportional representation with a 5% election threshold
Last election
4 October 2014
Next election
2018
Meeting place
House of the Livonian Noble Corporation, Riga
Website
.lv.saeimawww
Deputies are elected from five constituencies, based on the cultural regions of Latvia.
This article is part of a series on the
politics and government of
Latvia
Foreign relations

The Saeima (Latvian pronunciation: ) is the parliament of the Republic of Latvia. It is a unicameral parliament consisting of 100 members who are elected by proportional representation, with seats allocated to political parties which gain at least 5% of the popular vote. Elections are scheduled to be held once every four years, normally on the first Saturday of October. The most recent elections were held in October 2014.

The President of Latvia can dismiss the Saeima and request early elections. The procedure for dismissing it involves substantial political risk to the president, including a risk of loss of office. On May 28, 2011, president Valdis Zatlers decided to initiate the dissolution of the Saeima, which was approved in a referendum, and the Saeima was dissolved on 23 July 2011.[1]

The current Speaker of the Saeima is Ināra Mūrniece.

Deputies are elected to represent one of five constituencies: Kurzeme (13 deputies), Latgale (15), Riga (30), Vidzeme (27), and Zemgale (15). Seats are distributed in each constituency by open list proportional representation among the parties that overcome a 5% national election threshold using an unmodified version of the Sainte-Laguë method.

Contents

  • Etymology 1
  • Last election 2
  • See also 3
  • References 4
  • External links 5

Etymology

The word "Saeima", meaning "a gathering, a meeting, a council", was constructed by the Young Latvian Juris Alunāns. It stems from the archaic Latvian word eima meaning "to go" (derived from the PIE *ei "to go" and also a cognate with the Ancient Greek eimi, Gaulish eimu, among others). [2] Despite the visual similarity to the names of the Lithuanian and Polish national parliaments - Seimas and Sejm - the name "Saeima" is linguistically distinct, and does not have any historical ties to its Lithuanian and Polish counterparts.

Last election

Summary of the 4 October 2014 Latvian Saeima election results
Party Votes % Seats +/–
Harmony 209,887 23.00 24 –7
Unity 199,535 21.87 23 +3
Union of Greens and Farmers 178,210 19.53 21 +8
National Alliance 151,567 16.61 17 +3
For Latvia from the Heart 62,521 6.85 7 New
Latvian Association of Regions 60,812 6.66 8 New
Latvian Russian Union 14,390 1.58 0 0
United for Latvia 10,788 1.18 0 New
Latvian Development 8,156 0.89 0 New
New Conservative Party 6,389 0.70 0 New
Freedom. Free from Fear, Hate and Anger 1,735 0.19 0 0
Growth 1,515 0.17 0 New
Sovereignty 1,033 0.11 0 New
Invalid/blank votes 6,953
Total 913,491 100 100 0
Registered voters/turnout 1,552,235 58.85
Source: CVK

See also

References

  1. ^ "Zatlers nolemj rosināt Saeimas atlaišanu" [Zatlers decides to initiate thedissolution of the Saeima]. Delfi (in Latvian). May 28, 2011. Retrieved May 28, 2011. 
  2. ^ Zuicena, Ieva; Migla, Ilga (2008). "Jura Alunāna devums latviešu leksikogrāfijā" (PDF). LU Raksti (in Latvian) 731: 75.  

External links

  • Latvijas Republikas Saeima
  • Central Election Commission of Latvia

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