World Library  
Flag as Inappropriate
Email this Article

Safinamide

Article Id: WHEBN0018911525
Reproduction Date:

Title: Safinamide  
Author: World Heritage Encyclopedia
Language: English
Subject: Prenylamine, Nefopam, Flunarizine, List of dopaminergic drugs, Catecholaminergic
Collection:
Publisher: World Heritage Encyclopedia
Publication
Date:
 

Safinamide

Safinamide
Systematic (IUPAC) name
N2-{4-[(3-fluorobenzyl)oxy]benzyl}-L-alaninamide
Clinical data
Legal status
  • Investigational
Identifiers
CAS number  N
202825-46-5 (mesylate)
ATC code None
PubChem
ChemSpider  YesY
UNII  YesY
KEGG  N
ChEMBL  YesY
Synonyms (2S)-2-[[4-[(3-Fluorophenyl)methoxy]phenyl] methylamino]propanamide
Chemical data
Formula C17H19FN2O2 
Mol. mass 302.34 g/mol
 N   

Safinamide (EMD 1195686) is a candidate drug against Parkinson's disease with multiple methods of action.[1] In 2007, a Phase III clinical trial was started. It was scheduled to run until 2011.[2] The compound was originally discovered at Farmitalia-Carlo Erba [3] and developed by Newron Pharmaceuticals, which sold the rights to Merck-Serono in 2006. In October 2011 Merck-Serono announced that they would give all rights to develop the compound back to Newron.[4]

Potential additional uses might be restless legs syndrome (RLS) and epilepsy.[5] They were being tested in Phase II trials in 2008, but no results are available.

Adverse effects

Common adverse events in clinical trials were nausea, dizziness, tiredness, headache and backache. There was no significant difference in the occurrence of these effects between safinamide and placebo treated patients.[6]

Methods of action

Parkinson and RLS relevant mechanisms

Safinamide is a reversible and selective monoamine oxidase B inhibitor, reducing degradation of dopamine, and a glutamate release inhibitor.[6][7] It also seems to inhibit dopamine reuptake.[8] Additionally, safinamide blocks sodium and calcium channels.[7][9]

References

  1. ^ Fariello, RG (2007). "Safinamide". Neurotherapeutics 4 (1): 110–116.  
  2. ^ Study of Safinamide in Early Parkinson's Disease as Add-on to Dopamine Agonist (MOTION)
  3. ^ Pevarello, P; Bonsignori, A; Dostert, P; Heidempergher, F; Pinciroli, V; Colombo, M; McArthur, RA; Varasi, M (1998). "Synthesis and Anticonvulsant Activity of a New Class of 2-[(Arylalkyl)amino]alkanamide Derivatives". Journal of Medicinal Chemistry 41 (4): 579–590. 
  4. ^ Merck Returns Rights for Safinamide to Newron, 21 October 2011.
  5. ^ Chazot, PL (2007). "Drug evaluation: Safinamide for the treatment of Parkinson's disease, epilepsy and restless legs syndrome". Current Opinion in Investigational Drugs 8 (7): 570–579.  
  6. ^ a b H. Spreitzer (14 April 2014). "Neue Wirkstoffe – Safinamid". Österreichische Apothekerzeitung (in German) (8/2014): 30. 
  7. ^ a b Caccia, C; Maj, R; Calabresi, M; Maestroni, S; Faravelli, L; Curatolo, L; Salvati, P; Fariello, RG (2006). "Safinamide: From molecular targets to a new anti-Parkinson drug". Neurology 67 (7 Suppl 2): S18–23.  
  8. ^ Merck Serono: Vielversprechende Daten zur kognitiven Wirkung von Safinamid bei Parkinson im Frühstadium. (German) 8 June 2007.
  9. ^ Pevarello, P; Bonsignori, A; Caccia, C; Amici, R; Salvati, P; Fariello, RG; McArthur, RA; Varasi, M (1999). "Sodium channel activity and sigma binding of 2-aminopropanamide anticonvulsants". Bioorganic & Medicinal Chemistry Letters 9 (17): 2521–2524. 
This article was sourced from Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License; additional terms may apply. World Heritage Encyclopedia content is assembled from numerous content providers, Open Access Publishing, and in compliance with The Fair Access to Science and Technology Research Act (FASTR), Wikimedia Foundation, Inc., Public Library of Science, The Encyclopedia of Life, Open Book Publishers (OBP), PubMed, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Center for Biotechnology Information, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Institutes of Health (NIH), U.S. Department of Health & Human Services, and USA.gov, which sources content from all federal, state, local, tribal, and territorial government publication portals (.gov, .mil, .edu). Funding for USA.gov and content contributors is made possible from the U.S. Congress, E-Government Act of 2002.
 
Crowd sourced content that is contributed to World Heritage Encyclopedia is peer reviewed and edited by our editorial staff to ensure quality scholarly research articles.
 
By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. World Heritage Encyclopedia™ is a registered trademark of the World Public Library Association, a non-profit organization.
 



Copyright © World Library Foundation. All rights reserved. eBooks from World eBook Library are sponsored by the World Library Foundation,
a 501c(4) Member's Support Non-Profit Organization, and is NOT affiliated with any governmental agency or department.