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Sandy Spring, Maryland


Sandy Spring, Maryland

Sandy Spring, Maryland is an unincorporated community in Montgomery County, Maryland.[1]


  • Geography 1
  • History 2
    • Dr. Bird 2.1
    • Sandy Spring Museum 2.2
  • References 3


Sandy Spring's boundaries are roughly Brooke Road and Dr. Bird Road to the north and west, Ednor Road to the south, and New Hampshire Avenue to the east.[2]

The United States Census Bureau combines Sandy Spring with the nearby community of Ashton to form the census-designated place of Ashton-Sandy Spring,[2] and all census data are tabulated for this combined entity.


The community was founded by Quakers who arrived in the early 18th century[2] searching for land where they could grow tobacco and corn.

One of the very early land owners in the Sandy Spring area was Richard Snowden, who patented (purchased) the 1,000 acres (4 km2) "Snowden's Manor" in 1715.[3] Snowden gradually enlarged his property with additional land purchases over the next few decades until it was surveyed at over 9,000 acres (36 km2) as "Snowden's Manor Enlarged" in 1743.

Another important early landowner, Major John Bradford, had patented over 2,000 acres (8 km2) in the Sandy Spring area, including "Charley Forest" in 1716,[3] "Charley Forest Enlarged", "Higham", and "Discovery." Bradford sold off large parts of these properties, but Snowden's son-in-law, James Brooke, later bought up the original Charley Forest land as well as other land in the area, eventually owning over 22,000 acres (90 km2) by the 1760s.[4]

The Quakers built their meeting house in 1814[3] near a fresh-water spring that gave its name to the community.[2] In the late 19th century the community started a local school called the Sherwood Academy. This school was turned over to the Government of Montgomery County in 1906 to become Sherwood High School, the county's third public high school. A Quaker school, Sandy Spring Friends School, was established in 1961. The Sandy Spring Library opened behind the Sandy Spring Store in 1842.[3] The Farmer's Club of Sandy Spring was established in 1844 to discuss preferable methods of farming.[3]

A 1901 Department of Labor study documented hundreds of residents who trace their lineage 125 years to free black families.[5]

Dr. Bird

Jacob W. Bird was born in Anne Arundel County in 1885[6] He attended St. John's College in Annapolis, and he earned his medical degree from the University of Maryland, Baltimore in 1907.[6]

In 1909, Dr. Bird moved to Sandy Spring to set up his medical practice on the road now named for him, Dr. Bird Road.[6] He also established the first hospital located in Montgomery County, now called Montgomery General Hospital.[6]

During his fifty-year medical career, Dr. Bird made house calls to his patients, at first in a horse-drawn buggy and soon after in an automobile.[6]

Dr. Bird and his wife died in an automobile accident in Alabama on October 25, 1959.[6]

Sandy Spring Museum

An insurance salesman and auctioneer named Dalmas Wood started the Sandy Spring Museum in 1980 because he thought Sandy Spring's history was gradually being lost as older residents died.[7] Wood wanted a place to preserve antique furniture, farm equipment, photographs, paintings, and documents of the Sandy Spring area.[8] Florence Virginia Barrett Lehman also helped found the museum.[9] The museum was originally located in the basement of a Sandy Spring National Bank branch in Olney.[10] In October 1986,[11] it moved to Tall Timbers, a brick four-story Colonial house that had been the home of Gladys Brooke Tumbleson, who had died earlier that year.[7] Tumbleson descended from the Brooke family, for which nearby Brookeville was named.[7] Tumbleson sold the building to the museum for less than market value.[7] Helen Bentley donated 7.5 acres (30,000 m2) of land on Bentley Road in Sandy Spring to the museum in 1994.[8] The museum's new building on opened in 1997, providing more room for the museum's exhibits.[10] In 2007, an addition opened, providing a research library and a collections storage facility for the museum.[12]


  1. ^ U.S. Geological Survey Geographic Names Information System: Sandy Spring, Maryland
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  6. ^ a b c d e f
  7. ^ a b c d
  8. ^ a b
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