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Sarthe

 

Sarthe

Sarthe
Department
Prefecture building of the Sarthe department, in Le Mans
Prefecture building of the Sarthe department, in Le Mans
Coat of arms of Sarthe
Coat of arms
Location of Sarthe in France
Location of Sarthe in France
Coordinates:
Country France
Region Pays de la Loire
Prefecture Le Mans
Subprefectures La Flèche
Mamers
Government
 • President of the General Council Roland du Luart
Area
 • Total 6,206 km2 (2,396 sq mi)
Population (2007)
 • Total 556,946
 • Rank 47th
 • Density 90/km2 (230/sq mi)
Time zone CET (UTC+1)
 • Summer (DST) CEST (UTC+2)
Department number 72
Arrondissements 3
Cantons 21
Communes 375
^1 French Land Register data, which exclude estuaries, and lakes, ponds, and glaciers larger than 1 km2
The Château de Boisclaireau, residence of the Gueroust family, Counts of Boisclaireau, in Sarthe.

Sarthe (French pronunciation: ​) is a French department in the northwest of the nation, named after the Sarthe River.

Contents

  • History 1
  • Geography 2
  • Politics 3
  • Tourism 4
  • See also 5
  • References 6
  • External links 7

History

The department was created during the French Revolution on 4 March 1790, pursuant to the law of 22 December 1789, starting from a part of the province of Maine. The latter was divided into two departments, Sarthe to the east and Mayenne to the west.[1]

In Roman times, this province contained the city of Mans, and many of its ruins are still standing. The Roman Thermal Bathhouse attracts many tourists, as does the Theater of Aubigné-Racan, both located on the outskirts of Anjou, Maine, and Touraine.

Marin Mersenne, perhaps the most important scientific figure in the early 17th century, was born in the vicinity of Sarthe.

Geography

The department of Sarthe is at the north end of the administrative region of Pays-de-la-Loire. It is south of Basse-Normandie and on the southern edge of the Armorican Massif. It is bordered by the departments of Orne, Eure-et-Loir, Loir-et-Cher, Indre-et-Loire, Maine-et-Loire and Mayenne.

Approximately 300,000 people, comprising more than half of the department's population, live in Le Mans, its conurbation, or the essentially urban communes close by. The rest of the department retains a rural character, with agriculture as the chief part of the economy.

The arrival of the railways in 1854 boosted trade for the local economy. A TGV connection was constructed in 1989, connecting the community to high-speed transport.

In terms of road connections, the A11 autoroute, which was constructed to Le Mans from the east in 1978, enhances Sarthe's strategic position as the gateway to the French west.

Politics

The department was the electoral base of former Prime Minister Francois Fillon, who since 2012 sits in the National Assembly of France for a constituency in central Paris.

Tourism

See also

References

  1. ^ The Sarthe region
  2. ^ "Weekly auto agenda: Le Mans".  

External links

  • (French) Prefecture
  • (French) General Council
  • (French) Sarthe information
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