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Scandinavian Braille

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Scandinavian Braille

Danish Braille
Norwegian Braille
Swedish Braille
Finnish Braille
Greenlandic Braille
Type
alphabet
Languages Danish, Norwegian, Swedish, Finnish, Greenlandic
Parent systems
Braille
  • French Braille
    • Danish Braille
      Norwegian Braille
      Swedish Braille
      Finnish Braille
      Greenlandic Braille
Print basis
Dano-Norwegian alphabet
Swedish alphabet

Scandinavian Braille is a braille alphabet used, with differences in orthography and punctuation, for the languages of the mainland Nordic countries: Danish, Norwegian, Swedish, and Finnish. In a generally reduced form it is used for Greenlandic.

Scandinavian Braille is very close to French Braille, with slight modification of some of the accented letters, and optional use of the others to transcribe foreign languages.

Alphabet

The braille letters for the French print vowels â, œ, ä are used for the print vowels å, ö/ø, ä/æ of the Scandinavian alphabets. Each language uses the letters that exists in its inkprint alphabet. Thus, in numerical order, the letters are:

⠁ (braille pattern dots-1)
a
⠃ (braille pattern dots-12)
b
⠉ (braille pattern dots-14)
c
⠙ (braille pattern dots-145)
d
⠑ (braille pattern dots-15)
e
⠋ (braille pattern dots-124)
f
⠛ (braille pattern dots-1245)
g
⠓ (braille pattern dots-125)
h
⠊ (braille pattern dots-24)
i
⠚ (braille pattern dots-245)
j
⠅ (braille pattern dots-13)
k
⠇ (braille pattern dots-123)
l
⠍ (braille pattern dots-134)
m
⠝ (braille pattern dots-1345)
n
⠕ (braille pattern dots-135)
o
⠏ (braille pattern dots-1234)
p
⠟ (braille pattern dots-12345)
q
⠗ (braille pattern dots-1235)
r
⠎ (braille pattern dots-234)
s
⠞ (braille pattern dots-2345)
t
⠥ (braille pattern dots-136)
u
⠧ (braille pattern dots-1236)
v
⠭ (braille pattern dots-1346)
x
⠽ (braille pattern dots-13456)
y
⠵ (braille pattern dots-1356)
z
⠡ (braille pattern dots-16)
å
⠪ (braille pattern dots-246)
ö/ø
⠺ (braille pattern dots-2456)
w
⠜ (braille pattern dots-345)
ä/æ
⠯ (braille pattern dots-12346)
&

Greenlandic Braille uses a subset of these letters, a e f g i j k l m n o p q r s t u v, though the rest of the Scandinavian alphabet is available when needed.

For foreign accented letters, French Braille assignments are used.

Numbers

Digits are the first ten letters of the alphabet, and numbers are marked by , as in English Braille.

Punctuation

Punctuation differs slightly between each country, but this is unlikely to impede understanding.

Single punctuation
Print , . ' ? ! ; : * - /
Finnish ⠂ (braille pattern dots-2) ⠄ (braille pattern dots-3) ⠐ (braille pattern dots-5) ⠢ (braille pattern dots-26) ⠲ (braille pattern dots-256) ⠆ (braille pattern dots-23)
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