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Seagull intersection

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Title: Seagull intersection  
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Seagull intersection

A seagull intersection[1] or continuous green T-intersection[2] (also known as a turbo-T[3] (in Florida) or High-T intersection (in Nevada and Utah)[4][5]) is a type of three-way road intersection, usually used on high traffic volume roads and dual carriageways. This form of intersection is popular in Australia and New Zealand, and sometimes used in the United States and other countries.

Seagull, continuous green T, turbo-T, High-T intersection
Sketch in right-hand traffic layout

Contents

  • Design 1
  • History 2
  • List of seagull intersections 3
    • Australia 3.1
    • Canada 3.2
    • Germany 3.3
    • New Zealand 3.4
    • Poland 3.5
    • USA 3.6
  • References 4
  • External links 5

Design

Road sign used in Florida when a continuous green through lane is ahead.[6]

Note: This section refers to countries driving on the left. For countries that drive on the right, reverse left and right.

Seagull intersections get their name from the pattern that the two right-turn lanes make when looking down from the air.

Seagull intersections allow one direction of traffic to travel straight through without stopping. Those wishing to turn right into the side road at the intersection simply bear right into a separate lane, which forms one 'wing' of the seagull. Here, they meet the opposite carriageway and the side road. Traffic wishing to turn right out of the side road, simply cross the intersecting carriageway and drive up the other 'wing' of the seagull, and merge onto the other carriageway.

Seagull intersections may have a second smaller seagull formed by two left turning lanes into and out of the side road.

Different methods are used to control traffic where two right-turning movements and the through movement meet. Most intersections use traffic lights, while others use Give Way and Stop signs, and sometimes roundabouts.

This design type has been proven to provide sustainable benefits when compared the traditional t-intersection design. By reducing delay through the intersection, automobiles use less fuel on average passing through the intersection, and thus emissions are reduced across the intersection. The savings per vehicle may not seem very significant, but when scaled to account for all automobiles passing through the intersection, the total emission savings are significant. Additionally, there are economic and social benefits to reducing delay time and allowing drivers to pass through the intersection quicker.[7]

History

Note: This section refers to countries driving on the right. For countries that drive on the left, reverse right and left.

An experiment was done in Illinois, United States to allow going straight on red (following rules analogous to those used for turns on red) when approaching a T junction on the main road, with the intersecting road on the left. It was a failure. However, at some T junctions where the main road includes at least two lanes on the side away from the intersecting road, the farthest (rightmost, in areas where traffic drives to the right) lane is given the right of way to proceed straight through the intersection at all times, denoted by a "green arrow" signal if a traffic light is installed at the intersection. In such cases, often that lane is also specially delimited with pavement markings or other lane separation devices, to keep left-turning traffic on the intersecting road from colliding with traffic proceeding through the intersection on the main road. The seagull intersection was developed as a safer variation of this.[3]

List of seagull intersections

Australia

Canada

In the Municipality of Delta, British Columbia:

In City of Saskatoon:

  • at College Drive to Central Avenue
  • at Circle Drive to Airport Drive
  • at Circle Drive to Laurier Drive
  • at Circle Drive to Clancy Drive
  • at 22nd Street to Hart Road

Germany

New Zealand

Poland

  • aleja Młodzieży Polskiej (National Road 31) at Kościuszki (National Road 29) - Słubice

USA

References

  1. ^ a b John Harper, Wal Smart, Michael de Roos: Seagull Intersection Layout. Island Point Road – A Case Study 2000 – 2010
  2. ^ Federal Highway Administration: Alternative Intersections/Interchanges: Informational Report (AIIR), Publication Number: FHWA-HRT-09-060, April 2010
  3. ^ a b Jonathan Reid,  
  4. ^ Utah DOT: http://www.udot.utah.gov/5400south/
  5. ^ a b Nevada DOT: http://www.nevadadot.com/uploadedFiles/NDOT/Projects_and_Programs/Road_Projects/US93_Lakeshore_v4_Handouts.pdf
  6. ^ Edward S. Jarem: Safety and Operational Characteristics of Continuous Green Through Lanes at Signalized Intersections in Florida, Lake Mary, Florida 2004
  7. ^ Litsas, Stephen (July 31, 2012). "Evaluation of Continuous Green T-Intersections on Isolated Under-Saturated Four-Lane Highways". TRB.org. Retrieved September 19, 2013. 
  8. ^ Bruce, Michael G., P.E.; Gruner, Paul W., P.E., P.S. (December 28, 2005). "Continuous flow intersections". CENews.com. Retrieved September 9, 2013. 
  9. ^ "Bicentennial Boulevard Extension Project Begins". City of  
  10. ^ "Bicentennial & Lark: Continuous Green Intersection" (video). City of  
  11. ^ Burkhardt, Gail (November 12, 2012). "Extended Bicentennial Boulevard links North, South McAllen".  

External links

  • Design description
  • Visual animation
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