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Second Baptist Church (Detroit, Michigan)

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Title: Second Baptist Church (Detroit, Michigan)  
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Language: English
Subject: Neighborhoods in Detroit, First Congregational Church (Detroit, Michigan), National Register of Historic Places listings in Detroit, Michigan, National Register of Historic Places listings in Wayne County, Michigan, Assumption of the Blessed Virgin Mary Church (Detroit)
Collection: 1836 Establishments in the United States, African-American History in Detroit, Michigan, Baptist Churches in Michigan, Churches in Detroit, Michigan, Churches on the Underground Railroad, Greektown, Detroit, Historic District Contributing Properties in Michigan, Michigan State Historic Sites, Properties of Religious Function on the National Register of Historic Places in Michigan, Religious Organizations Established in 1836
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Second Baptist Church (Detroit, Michigan)

Second Baptist Church Of Detroit
Location 441 Monroe Street
Detroit, Michigan
Coordinates
Built 1914; 1926, 1968 (additions)
Architect William E. N. Hunter
Architectural style Gothic Revival, Brutalist
Governing body Private
Part of Greektown Historic District (#82002902)
NRHP Reference # 75000970[1]
Significant dates
Added to NRHP March 19, 1975
Designated CP May 06, 1982
Designated MSHS September 17, 1974[2]

The Second Baptist Church, located at 441 Monroe Street within Greektown in Detroit, Michigan, is the oldest African-American church in the Midwestern United States.[3] It was designated a Michigan State Historic Site in 1974[2] listed on the National Register of Historic Places in 1975.[1]

Contents

  • History 1
  • Building 2
  • Current status 3
  • See also 4
  • References 5
  • External links 6

History

The church was organized in March 1836 by 13 former slaves who left the First Baptist Church due to discrimination.[4] Second Baptist was Detroit's seventh major church.[3] With the Detroit River and Canada's border only a thousand yards away, the Second Baptist Church quickly undertook the mission of helping free slaves and constructed a room under the sanctuary where escaping slaves stayed until they could continue their journey.[5] Church leaders assisted in creating the Amherstburg Baptist Association and the Canadian Anti-Slavery Baptist Association, each of which were abolitionist groups in Canada.[4] From its founding until the end of the Civil War, the church served as a "station" on the Underground Railroad, hosting some 5,000 slaves before their eventual departure to Canada.[3]

Second Baptist also opened the city's first school for black children in 1839,[3] and in 1843 and 1865 hosted a "State Convention of Colored Citizens" to petition the Michigan government for Negro Suffrage.[4] Ralph Bunche, who later became the first African-American to receive the Nobel Peace Prize, was baptized in the church. Second Baptist was instrumental in the formation of over 30 other African-American churches.

Building

The current building was erected in 1914 and contains three floors. It replaced an earlier structure which was destroyed by fire. Additions to the building were made in 1926 and 1968 and flank the original structure.[4] The 1914 and 1926 buildings are brick with Gothic Revival accents in limestone.

The footprint of the 1914 building is rectangular with a gabled roof. The facade is dominated by a large lancet window with wood tracery. Below the window twin entrance doors inside gothic arches are framed by a crenolated parapet.[2] The 1968 addition is in the Brutalist style and has four floors. Horizontal bands of windows wrap the second and third floors with fourth floor windows set into a grille of precast concrete. Below the windows of the second and third floors are precast concrete panels that also wrap the structure. The flat roof extends several feet on all sides to form a broad cornice.

Current status

The Second Baptist Church is a member of the predominantly black Progressive National Baptist Convention and of the predominantly white American Baptist Churches in the USA. Reverend Dr. Kevin M. Turman is the senior pastor, the 23rd person to hold that position at Second Baptist.

See also

References

  1. ^ a b "National Register Information System". National Register of Historic Places.  
  2. ^ a b c "Second Baptist Church Of Detroit". Michigan State Housing Development Authority. Retrieved August 15, 2010. 
  3. ^ a b c d "History". Second Baptist Church. Retrieved 2013-07-26. 
  4. ^ a b c d National Park Service-Historic Places in Detroit Second Baptist Church
  5. ^ Elisha Anderson (February 7, 2011). "At 175, Second Baptist Church builds on long history of activism". Detroit Free Press (freep.com). Retrieved 2013-07-26. subscription required

External links

  • Second Baptist Church
  • Second Baptist Church
  • National Park Service-Historic Places in Detroit
  • Michigan Historic Sites
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