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Shareholder

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Title: Shareholder  
Author: World Heritage Encyclopedia
Language: English
Subject: Transparency for Listed Companies Directive, Board of directors, Bank of Jordan, Corporation, Book closure
Collection: Business Economics, Business Terms, Financial Accounting, Shareholders, Stock Market
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Shareholder

A shareholder or stockholder is an individual or institution (including a corporation) that legally owns a share of stock in a public or private corporation. Shareholders are the owners of a limited company. They buy shares which represent part ownership of a company.

Stockholders are granted special privileges depending on the class of stock. These rights may include:

  • The right to sell their shares.
  • The right to vote on the directors nominated by the board.
  • The right to nominate directors (although this is very difficult in practice because of minority protections) and propose shareholder resolutions.
  • The right to dividends if they are declared.
  • The right to purchase new shares issued by the company.
  • The right to what assets remain after a liquidation.

Stockholders or shareholders are considered by some to be a subset of stakeholders, which may include anyone who has a direct or indirect interest in the business entity. For example, employees, suppliers, customers, the community, etc., are typically considered stakeholders because they contribute value and/or are impacted by the corporation.

Shareholders in the primary market who buy IPOs provide capital to corporations; however, the vast majority of shareholders are in the secondary market and provide no capital directly to the corporation.

See also


Operators

  • Comet (Closed In 2012)
  • Allders (Closed In 2012)
  • Superdrug
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