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Southern Buh

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Southern Buh

This article is about the Southern Buh River, in southern Ukraine. For the Bug, a tributary of the Vistula River, see Bug River.
Southern Bug
Ukrainian: Південний Буг, Pivdennyi Buh
River
Ukraine
Country Ukraine
Mouth
 - location Bug Estuary, Ukraine
Length 806 km (501 mi)
Basin 63,700 km2 (24,595 sq mi)
Southern Bug through Ukraine

The Southern Buh, also called Southern Bug,[1] (Ukrainian: Південний Буг, Pivdennyi Buh: Russian: Южный Буг, Yuzhny Bug),[1] is a river located in Ukraine.

The source of the river is in the west of Ukraine, in the Volyn-Podillia Upland, about 145 km from the Polish border, from where it flows southeasterly into the Bug Estuary (Black Sea basin) through the southern steppes. It is 806 kilometres (501 mi) long and drains 63,700 km².

Major cities on the Southern Bug: Khmelnytskyi, Vinnytsia, Pervomaisk, Mykolaiv (listed downstream, i.e. southwards).

Etymology and history

(Ukrainian: Південний Буг, Pivdennyi Buh; Ukrainian: Бог; Polish: Boh; Russian: Южный Буг, Yuzhny Bug, Ottoman Turkish: Aksu)

Herodotus refers to it as ancient Greek: Hypanis.[2] During the Migrations Period the Southern Buh was an important obstacle to all the migrating tribes.

The local Slavic name of the river that existed from immemorial times was Boh (Cyrillic: Бог) which derived from word rich (Ukrainian: бaгата, bahata). The famous French military engineer and geographer Guillaume Le Vasseur de Beauplan depicted the river exactly as Boh Ruthenian (Ukrainian: Бог Руський, Boh Ruskyi).

Since 16th century most of the Southern Ukraine was part of the Crimean Khanate and Ottoman Empire and was called Aq-su meaning the White river.

Southern Bug is a Russian name that was established during the colonial period in Ukraine. The name is now the accepted one. It as a misnomer was given by the Russian geologist Vladimir Laskaryev in the beginning of 20th century.

On March 6, 1918 the Central Council of Ukraine adopted the law "For the administrative-territorial division of Ukraine" dividing Ukraine into numerous lands. One of those lands in the upper stream of the river was named "Boh land" (Ukrainian: Побожжя, Pobozhia). Previously in the 18th century there existed the Bohogard phalanx (Ukrainian: Бoгоґардівська паланка, Bohogardivska palanka) as part of the Zaporizhian Sich centered in the city of Gard (today  – a tract near Yuzhnoukrainsk).

Bridges and ferries

The Varvarivskyi Bridge over Southern Bug in Mykolayiv is a swing bridge (facilitating ship building) with Europe's largest span (134 m).[3] It is also the southernmost bridge over the river.

Navigation

The river is technically navigable for dozens of kilometers up from its mouth; several riverports (such as Voznesensk) exist.

In 2011, plans are announced to revitalize commercial freight navigation on the Southern Bug as part of the increasing grain export from Ukraine.[4]

Gallery

References

External links

  • Southern Buh rafting
  • (Polish) Geographical Dictionary of the Kingdom of Poland (1880)
  • (Russian) Photos of the Southern Buh coasts

Coordinates: 46°59′N 31°58′E / 46.983°N 31.967°E / 46.983; 31.967

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