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St. Paul's tube station

 

St. Paul's tube station

St. Paul's
Western entrance to St. Paul's (2009)
St. Paul's is located in Central London
St. Paul's
St. Paul's
Location of St. Paul's in Central London
Location St Paul's
Local authority City of London
Managed by London Underground
Number of platforms 2
Fare zone 1
London Underground annual entry and exit
2011 Increase 17.08 million[1]
2012 Decrease 15.05 million[1]
2013 Increase 16.44 million[1]
2014 Increase 17.54 million[1]
Railway companies
Original company Central London Railway
Key dates
30 July 1900 Opened as Post Office
1 February 1937 Renamed St. Paul's
Other information
Lists of stations
London Transport portal

St. Paul's is a London Underground station located in the City of London financial district which takes its name from the nearby St Paul's Cathedral.

The station is on the Central line, between Bank and Chancery Lane stations, and is in fare zone 1.

It should not be confused with City Thameslink railway station which opened in 1990 with the name St. Paul's Thameslink, but is some distance from the Underground station. That station was subsequently renamed City Thameslink to avoid confusion for the emergency services, but for some years afterwards many maps and guidebooks in circulation continued to carry the earlier name.

Contents

  • History 1
  • The station today 2
  • Connections 3
  • Gallery 4
  • Notes 5
  • External links 6

History

The station was opened by the Central London Railway (CLR) on 30 July 1900 with the name Post Office, after the headquarters of the General Post Office on nearby St Martin's Le Grand. The name Post Office was possibly chosen instead of the more obvious St. Paul's to differentiate it from a South Eastern Railway (SER) station which already held that name (but which today is called Blackfriars).

Post Office station on a 1908 Tube map, on the blue Central London Railway line.

The station entrance was originally located on the north side of Newgate Street, on the west side of the junction with King Edward Street, but was moved to the east when the station was modernised in the 1930s with an underground ticket hall and escalators. A modern ventilation shaft in the centre of the traffic island at the junction indicates the location of the original lift shafts. When the SER station called St. Paul's was renamed as Blackfriars in 1937, the Underground station called Post Office took the name St. Paul's, which it has kept ever since.

At the end of the 19th century, Newgate Street was a narrow road with some of its mediaeval character remaining. To reduce land purchase and compensation payments, the CLR routed its tunnels directly under public roads. At St. Paul's the narrowness of the road required the tunnels to be placed one above the other with the westbound tunnel uppermost. The lifts originally operated to a level between the two platforms, with stairs up or down to the platforms as necessary. A high-level access passageway is visible at the lowest level leading to the disused lift lobby.

During the Second World War the electricity grid control room for London and Southeast England was housed below ground in the lift shaft.

The station today

Central line train on the westbound platform

The station entrances are located around the junction of Newgate Street, Cheapside and St Martin's Le Grand. St Paul's Cathedral is a short distance to the south. Visitors should note that the main entrance to the cathedral is at its western end, a few minutes' walk away.

St. Paul's is also the nearest Underground station to the London Stock Exchange and One New Change. Other notable sites in the vicinity include the Old Bailey, Museum of London and the church of St Mary-le-Bow.

Connections

London Buses routes 4, 8, 25, 56, 100, 172, 242, 521 and night route N8 serve the station.

Gallery

Notes

  1. ^ a b c d

External links

  • Abandoned stations - Section on disused lift access passage
  • London Transport Museum Photographic Archive
    • Original station building, 1914
    • Original ticket hall, 1929
    • Sub-surface ticket hall, 1939
    • 1930s Newgate Street entrance, 1939
    • Newgate Street entrance showing bomb damage, 1943
Preceding station   London Underground   Following station
Central line
towards Epping, Hainault
or Woodford (via Hainault)
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