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Studio Ghibli

Studio Ghibli, Inc.
株式会社スタジオジブリ
Kabushiki gaisha
Industry Motion pictures
Video games
TV commercials
Predecessor Topcraft
Founded Tokyo, Japan
(June 15, 1985 (1985-06-15))
Founder
Headquarters Koganei, Tokyo, Japan
Key people
Koji Hoshino
(Executive director, President)
Hayao Miyazaki
(Director)
Toshio Suzuki
(Executive director)
Products Animated feature films (anime), television films, commercials, live-action films
¥1.426 billion (2011)
Total assets ¥15.77 billion (2011)
Owner Tokuma Shoten (1999–2005)
Independent (2005-present)
Number of employees
300
Website .jp.ghibliwww

Studio Ghibli, Inc. (株式会社スタジオジブリ Kabushiki-gaisha Sutajio Jiburi) is a Japanese animation film studio based in Koganei, Tokyo, Japan.[1] The studio is best known for its anime feature films, and has also produced several short films, television commercials, and one television film. It was founded in June 1985 after the success of Nausicaä of the Valley of the Wind (1984), with funding by Tokuma Shoten.

Eight of Studio Ghibli's films are among the 15 highest-grossing anime films made in Japan, with Spirited Away (2001) being the highest, grossing over US $274 million worldwide. Many of their works have won the Animage Anime Grand Prix award, and four have won the Japan Academy Prize for Animation of the Year. Four of Studio Ghibli's films received Academy Award nominations in the United States. Spirited Away won a Golden Bear in 2002 and an Academy Award for Best Animated Feature Film in 2003.

On August 3, 2014, Studio Ghibli announced it was temporarily halting production following the retirement of director Hayao Miyazaki.[2][3]

Contents

  • Name 1
  • History 2
  • Works 3
    • Significant achievements 3.1
    • Films 3.2
      • Feature films 3.2.1
      • Television films 3.2.2
    • Anime series 3.3
    • Short films (television, theatrical, Ghibli Museum, OVA) 3.4
    • Music videos (television and theatrical) 3.5
    • Commercials 3.6
    • Video games 3.7
    • Stage productions 3.8
    • Other works 3.9
    • Exhibitions 3.10
  • Related works 4
    • Pre-Ghibli 4.1
    • Cooperative works 4.2
    • Distributive works 4.3
    • Contributive works 4.4
  • Notable animators and character designers from Studio Ghibli 5
  • See also 6
  • References 7
  • Further reading 8
    • Documentaries 8.1
  • External links 9

Name

The name Ghibli was given by Hayao Miyazaki with reference to the Caproni Ca.309 Ghibli.[4] The Italian noun "ghibli" is based on the Arabic name for the sirocco, or Mediterranean wind, the idea being the studio would "blow a new wind through the anime industry".[4][5] Although the Italian word is pronounced with a very hard ɡ, the Japanese pronunciation of the studio's name is with a soft g,

History

Three of the four founders of Studio Ghibli. From top to bottom: Hayao Miyazaki, Isao Takahata, Toshio Suzuki.

Founded in June 1985, the studio is headed by the directors Hayao Miyazaki and Isao Takahata and the producer Toshio Suzuki. Prior to the formation of the studio, Miyazaki and Takahata had already had long careers in Japanese film and television animation and had worked together on Hols: Prince of the Sun and Panda! Go, Panda!; and Suzuki was an editor at Tokuma Shoten's Animage manga magazine.

The studio was founded after the success of the 1984 film Nausicaä of the Valley of the Wind, written and directed by Miyazaki for Topcraft and distributed by Toei Company. The origins of the film lie in the first two volumes of a serialized manga written by Miyazaki for publication in Animage as a way of generating interest in an anime version.[5][6] Suzuki was part of the production team on the film and founded Studio Ghibli with Miyazaki, who also invited Takahata to join the new studio.

The studio has mainly produced films by Miyazaki, with the second most prolific director being Takahata (most notably with Grave of the Fireflies). Other directors who have worked with Studio Ghibli include Yoshifumi Kondo, Hiroyuki Morita, Gorō Miyazaki, and Hiromasa Yonebayashi. Composer Joe Hisaishi has provided the soundtracks for most of Miyazaki's Studio Ghibli films. In their book Anime Classics Zettai!, Brian Camp and Julie Davis made note of Michiyo Yasuda as "a mainstay of Studio Ghibli’s extraordinary design and production team".[7] At one time the studio was based in Kichijōji, Musashino, Tokyo.[8]

In August 1996, Disney and Tokuma Shoten Publishing agreed that Disney would distribute internationally Tokuma's Studio Ghibli animated films.[9]

Many of Ghibli's films in Japan are theatrically distributed by Toho while home video releases are handled by Walt Disney Studios Home Entertainment Japan.[10] Wild Bunch holds the international sales rights to many of Ghibli's films.[11] Ghibli's main international distribution partners also include Disney (Japan Home Video, Taiwan, North America, France),[10][11] GKIDS (North America),[12] StudioCanal UK, and Madman Entertainment (Australia).

Over the years, there has been a close relationship between Studio Ghibli and the magazine Animage, which regularly runs exclusive articles on the studio and its members in a section titled "Ghibli Notes." Artwork from Ghibli's films and other works are frequently featured on the cover of the magazine. Between 1999 and 2005 Studio Ghibli was a subsidiary of Tokuma Shoten, the publisher of Animage.

In October 2001, the Ghibli Museum opened in Mitaka, Tokyo.[13] It contains exhibits based on Studio Ghibli films and shows animations, including a number of short Studio Ghibli films not available elsewhere.

The studio is also known for its strict "no-edits" policy in licensing their films abroad due to Nausicaä of the Valley of Wind being heavily edited for the film's release in the United States as Warriors of the Wind. The "no cuts" policy was highlighted when Miramax co-chairman Harvey Weinstein suggested editing Princess Mononoke to make it more marketable. A Studio Ghibli producer is rumoured to have sent an authentic Japanese sword with a simple message: "No cuts".[14]

On February 1, 2008, Toshio Suzuki stepped down from the position of Studio Ghibli president, which he had held since 2005, and Koji Hoshino (former president of Walt Disney Japan) took over. Suzuki said he wanted to improve films with his own hands as a producer, rather than demanding this from his employees. Suzuki decided to hand over the presidency to Hoshino because Hoshino has helped Studio Ghibli to sell its videos since 1996, also helping to release the Princess Mononoke film in the United States.[15] Suzuki still serves on the company's board of directors.

Two Studio Ghibli short films created for the Ghibli Museum were shown at the Carnegie Hall Citywise Japan NYC Festival: "House Hunting" and "Mon Mon the Water Spider" were screened on March 26, 2011.[16]

Takahata developed a project for release after Gorō Miyazaki's (director of Tales from Earthsea and Hayao's son) From Up on Poppy Hill – an adaptation of The Tale of the Bamboo Cutter. The last film Hayao Miyazaki directed before retiring from feature films (as of 2014) is The Wind Rises which is about the Mitsubishi A6M Zero and its founder.[17]

On Sunday, September 1, 2013, Hayao Miyazaki held a press conference in Venice to confirm his retirement, saying: "I know I've said I would retire many times in the past. Many of you must think, 'Once again.' But this time I am quite serious."[18]

On January 31, 2014, it was announced that Gorō Miyazaki will direct his first anime TV series, Sanzoku no Musume Rōnya, an adaptation of Astrid Lindgren's Ronia the Robber's Daughter for NHK. The series is computer-animated, produced by Polygon Pictures, and co-produced by Studio Ghibli.[19][20]

In March 2014 Toshio Suzuki retired as a producer and assumed a new position of general manager. Yoshiaki Nishimura replaced Suzuki in the producer role.[21]

On August 3, 2014, Toshio Suzuki announced that Studio Ghibli would take a "brief pause" to re-evaluate and restructure in the wake of Miyazaki's retirement. He stated some concerns about where the company would go in the future.[22] This has led to speculation that Studio Ghibli will never produce another feature film again. On November 7, 2014, Miyazaki stated, "That was not my intention, though. All I did was announce that I would be retiring and not making any more features."[23]

Works

Significant achievements

  • The first real box-office success in Studio Ghibli's history: .
  • The highest-grossing film of 1989 in Japan: Kiki's Delivery Service
  • The highest-grossing film of 1991 in Japan: Only Yesterday
  • The highest-grossing film of 1992 in Japan: Porco Rosso
  • The highest-grossing film of 1994 in Japan: Pom Poko
  • The first Studio Ghibli film to use computer graphics: Pom Poko
  • The first Japanese film in Dolby Digital: Whisper of the Heart
  • The first Miyazaki feature to use computer graphics, and the first Studio Ghibli film to use digital coloring; the first animated feature in Japan's history to gross more than 10 billion yen at the box office and the first animated film ever to win a National Academy Award for Best Picture of the Year: Princess Mononoke
  • The first Studio Ghibli film to be shot using a 100% digital process: My Neighbors the Yamadas
  • The first Miyazaki feature to be shot using a 100% digital process; the first film to gross $200 million worldwide before opening in North America; the film to finally overtake Titanic at the Japanese box office, becoming the top grossing film in the history of Japanese cinema; the only anime, non-English-speaking and traditionally animated winner, so far, of an Academy award for Best Animated Feature: Spirited Away

Films

While Nausicaä of the Valley of the Wind is often considered a Studio Ghibli film, it was produced and released before the studio's official founding.

Feature films

# Film Release date Director Screenwriter(s) Producer(s) Music RT
1 Castle in the Sky August 2, 1986 Hayao Miyazaki Hayao Miyazaki Isao Takahata Joe Hisaishi 95%[24]
2 Grave of the Fireflies April 16, 1988 Isao Takahata Isao Takahata Toru Hara Michio Mamiya 97%[25]
3 My Neighbor Totoro April 16, 1988 Hayao Miyazaki Hayao Miyazaki Toru Hara Joe Hisaishi 93%[26]
4 Kiki's Delivery Service July 29, 1989 Hayao Miyazaki Hayao Miyazaki Hayao Miyazaki Joe Hisaishi 100%[27]
5 Only Yesterday July 20, 1991 Isao Takahata Isao Takahata Toshio Suzuki Katz Hoshi 100%[28]
6 Porco Rosso July 28, 1992 Hayao Miyazaki Hayao Miyazaki Toshio Suzuki Joe Hisaishi 94%[29]
7 Pom Poko July 16, 1994 Isao Takahata Isao Takahata Toshio Suzuki Kōryū, Manto Watanabe, Yōko Ino, Masaru Gotō & Ryōjirō Furusawa 88%[30]
8 Whisper of the Heart July 15, 1995 Yoshifumi Kondō Hayao Miyazaki Toshio Suzuki Yuji Nomi 91%[31]
9 Princess Mononoke July 12, 1997 Hayao Miyazaki Hayao Miyazaki Toshio Suzuki Joe Hisaishi 92%[32]
10 My Neighbors the Yamadas July 17, 1999 Isao Takahata Isao Takahata Toshio Suzuki Akiko Yano 75%[33]
11 Spirited Away July 27, 2001 Hayao Miyazaki Hayao Miyazaki Toshio Suzuki Joe Hisaishi 97%[34]
12 The Cat Returns July 19, 2002 Hiroyuki Morita Reiko Yoshida Nozomu Takahashi & Toshio Suzuki Yuji Nomi 89%[35]
13 Howl's Moving Castle November 20, 2004 Hayao Miyazaki Hayao Miyazaki Toshio Suzuki Joe Hisaishi 87%[36]
14 Tales from Earthsea July 29, 2006 Gorō Miyazaki Gorō Miyazaki & Keiko Niwa Toshio Suzuki Tamiya Terashima 41%[37]
15 Ponyo July 19, 2008 Hayao Miyazaki Hayao Miyazaki Toshio Suzuki Joe Hisaishi 92%[38]
16 Arrietty July 17, 2010 Hiromasa Yonebayashi Hayao Miyazaki & Keiko Niwa Toshio Suzuki Cécile Corbel 95%[39]
17 From Up on Poppy Hill July 16, 2011 Gorō Miyazaki Hayao Miyazaki & Keiko Niwa Toshio Suzuki Satoshi Takebe 83%[40]
18 The Wind Rises[41] July 20, 2013 Hayao Miyazaki Hayao Miyazaki Toshio Suzuki Joe Hisaishi 89%[42]
19 The Tale of the Princess Kaguya[41] November 23, 2013 Isao Takahata Isao Takahata & Riko Sakaguchi Yoshiaki Nishimura, Toshio Suzuki & Seiichiro Ujiie Joe Hisaishi 100%[43]
20 When Marnie Was There[44] July 19, 2014 Hiromasa Yonebayashi Hiromasa Yonebayashi, Keiko Niwa & Masashi Ando Yoshiaki Nishimura & Toshio Suzuki Takatsugu Muramatsu 89%[45]

Television films

Ocean Waves May 5, 1993 Tomomi Mochizuki Kaori Nakamura Toshio Suzuki, Nozomu Takahashi & Seiji Okuda Shigeru Nagata N/A

Anime series

Short films (television, theatrical, Ghibli Museum, OVA)

Music videos (television and theatrical)

  • "On Your Mark" (1995) (a promotional music video for Chage & Aska directed by Hayao Miyazaki)
  • "Portable Airport" (2004) (a music video created by Studio Kajino for Capsule directed by Yoshiyuki Momose)
  • "Space Station No. 9" (2004) (a music video created by Studio Kajino for Capsule directed by Yoshiyuki Momose)
  • "A Flying City Plan" ("Soratobu Toshikeikaku") (2005) (a music video created by Studio Kajino for Capsule directed by Yoshiyuki Momose)
  • "Doredore no Uta" (2005) (a promotional music video for Meiko Haigou directed by Osamu Tanabe)
  • "Piece" (2009) (a promotional music video for Yui Aragaki directed by Yoshiyuki Momose)

Commercials

  • .
  • . NTV 40th anniversary.
  • "Hotaru No Haku" (1996) (Kinyou Friday Roadshow TV spot directed by Yoshifumi Kondō)
  • "Kinyou Roadshow Opening" (1997) (opening title sequence for Kinyou Roadshow, directed by Yoshifumi Kondō))
  • "www.TVshop1.com" (2000) (online shopping PR spot directed by Yoshiyuki Momose)
  • "Umacha" (2001) (TV commercials for Asahi soft drinks featuring voices by Rina Uchiyama and Takashi Naitou)
  • "Ghibli Museum Tickets" (2001) (announcement for Ghibli Museum opening in Mitaka, directed by Hayao Miyazaki)
  • "LAWSON Sen to Chihiro no Kamikakushi" (2001) (Lawson convenience store tie in with Spirited Away DVD)
  • "House Foods – The Cat Returns" (2002) (TV commercials for House Foods products as a tie-in campaign for The Cat Returns)
  • "Risona Bank" (2003) (TV commercials for the bank owned by Resona Holdings)
  • "O-uchi de Tabeyou" (2003) (House Foods TV commercial, Summer Version directed by Hayao Miyazaki and Yoshiyuki Momose)
  • "O-uchi de Tabeyou" (2004) (House Foods TV commercial, Winter Version directed by Yoshiyuki Momose)
  • "KNB Yumedegi " (2004) (TV spot for Kitanihon Broadcasting directed by Shinji Hashimoto)
  • "Yomiuri Shimbun – Kawaraban" (2004) (TV commercial for newspaper Yomiuri Shimbun)
  • "Yomiuri Shimbun – Dore Dore Hikkoushi" (2005) (TV commercial for newspaper Yomiuri Shimbun)
  • "Nisshin Seifun" (2010) (TV spot designed by Toshio Suzuki and Gorō Miyazaki, directed by Katsuya Kondō)
  • "Yomiuri Shimbun" (2010) (TV spot for the newspaper, animated in the style of Shigeru Sugiura, directed by Gorō Miyazaki)

Video games

Stage productions

Other works

The works listed here consist of works that do not fall into the above categories. All of these films have been released on DVD or Blu-ray in Japan as part of the Ghibli Gakujutsu Library.

  • Sekai Waga Kokoro no Tabi (1998) (documentary following Isao Takahata to Canada to meet Frédéric Back)
  • Sekai Waga Kokoro no Tabi (1999) (documentary travelling with Hayao Miyazaki as he follows the footsteps of Antoine de Saint-Exupéry)
  • Lasseter-san, Arigatou ("Thank You, Mr. Lasseter", 2003; thank you video created for John Lasseter)
  • Miyazaki Hayao Produce no Ichimai no CD ha Kōshite Umareta (2003; a film about Tsunehiko Kamijo's Okaasa no Shashin CD)
  • Yanagawa Horiwari Monogatari ("The Story of Yanagawa's Canals") (2003) (A part animated documentary originally broadcast on NHK in 1987)
  • Otsuka Yasuo no Ugokasu Yorokobi (2004) (A documentary about animator Yasuo Otsuka)
  • Miyazaki Hayao to Ghibli Bijutsukan (2005) (A film featuring Goro Miyazaki and Isao Takahata touring the Ghibli Museum)
  • Jiburi no Eshokunin – Oga Kazuo Ten – Totoro no Mori o Kaita Hito ("A Ghibli Artisan – Kazuo Oga Exhibition – The Man Who Painted Totoro's Forest") (2007) (A documentary to commemorate an exhibition at the Museum of Contemporary Art, Tokyo, featuring the work of Studio Ghibli background artist Kazuo Oga)
  • Ghibli no Fūkei ("Scenery of Ghibli") (2009) (A documentary hosted by Japanese actresses Tsuruta Mayu, Natsukawa Yui and actor Tetsuta Sugimoto, that follows them around Europe and Japan matching Miyazaki's storyboards to the real world scenery and attractions that served as inspiration to the settings of his animated films)
  • Suzuki Toshio no Ghibli Asemamire, 99 no Kotoba ("Suzuki Toshio's Ghibli Asemamire, 99 Words") (2009) (A compilation of 49 interviews conducted by Toshio Suzuki on his weekly radio program Ghibli Asemamire, broadcasting on Tokyo FM)
  • Joe Hisaishi in Budokan – 25 years with the Animations of Hayao Miyazaki (2009) (Concert footage of Joe Hisaishi's 3 nights at the Nippon Budokan venue in August 2008 where he played various pieces from throughout his 25-year collaboration with Studio Ghibli. Originally broadcast on NHK.)
  • . Explores the influence of children's literature on Miyazaki and Takahata's body of work and on Studio Ghibli as a whole.
  • Yume to Kyôki no ôkoku ("The Kingdom of Dreams and Madness") (2013) (Director Mami Sunada follows Hayao Miyazaki, Toshio Suzuki and Isao Takahata over the course of a year as Studio Ghibli prepares to release two films. Released theatrically in Japan in 2013 and in the United States in 2014)
  • The Making of The Tale of Princess Kaguya (2014) (3 hour behind-the-scenes film documenting the production of The Tale of the Princess Kaguya released on Blu-ray in Japan in December 2014)

Exhibitions

A selection of layout designs for animated productions was exhibited in the Studio Ghibli Layout Designs: Understanding the Secrets of Takahata and Miyazaki Animation exhibition tour, which started in the Museum of Contemporary Art Tokyo (July 28, 2008 to September 28, 2008) and subsequently travelled to different museums throughout Japan and Asia, concluding its tour of Japan in the Fukuoka Asian Art Museum (October 12, 2013 to January 26, 2014) and its tour of Asia in the Hong Kong Heritage Museum (May 14, 2014 to August 31, 2014). Between October 4, 2014 and March 1, 2015 the layout designs were exhibited at Art Ludique in Paris. The exhibition catalogues contain annotated reproductions of the displayed artwork.[46][47][48][49]

Related works

These works were not created by Studio Ghibli, but were produced by a variety of studios and people who went on to form or join Studio Ghibli. This includes members of Topcraft that went on to create Studio Ghibli in 1985; works produced by Toei Animation, TMS Entertainment, Nippon Animation or other studios and featuring involvement by Hayao Miyazaki, Isao Takahata or other Ghibli staffers. The list also includes works created in cooperation with Studio Ghibli.

Pre-Ghibli

Cooperative works

Distributive works

These Western animated films (plus one Japanese film) have been distributed by Studio Ghibli, and now through their label, Ghibli Museum Library.

Contributive works

Studio Ghibli has made contributions to the following anime series and movies:

Notable animators and character designers from Studio Ghibli

See also

References

  1. ^ "会社情報." Studio Ghibli. Retrieved on February 26, 2010.
  2. ^
  3. ^
  4. ^ a b
  5. ^ a b The Birth of Studio Ghibli, Nausicaä of the Valley of the Wind DVD, Walt Disney Home Entertainment, 2005.
  6. ^
  7. ^
  8. ^ "The Animerica Interview: Takahata and Nosaka: Two Grave Voices in Animation." Animerica. Volume 2, No. 11. Page 11. Translated by Animerica from: Takahata, Isao. Eiga o Tsukurinagara, Kangaeta Koto ("Things I Thought While Making Movies") Tokuma Shoten, 1991. Originally published in Animage, June 1987. This is a translation of a 1987 conversation between Takahata and Akiyuki Nosaka. "Kichijoji is the Tokyo area where "Studio Ghibli," frequent Takahata collaborator Hayao Miyazaki's studio, is located.
  9. ^
  10. ^ a b
  11. ^ a b
  12. ^
  13. ^
  14. ^
  15. ^
  16. ^
  17. ^
  18. ^ Highfill, Samantha. (2013-09-06) Hayao Miyazaki on his retirement: 'This time I am quite serious' | Inside Movies | EW.com. Insidemovies.ew.com. Retrieved on 2014-05-12.
  19. ^
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  41. ^ a b
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Further reading

  • Cavallaro, Dani. The Animé Art of Hayao Miyazaki. Jefferson, NC: McFarland & Company, 2006. ISBN 978-0-7864-2369-9. OCLC 62430842.
  • McCarthy, Helen. Hayao Miyazaki: Master of Japanese Animation: Films, Themes, Artistry. Berkeley, Calif.: Stone Bridge Press, 1999. ISBN 978-1-880656-41-9. OCLC 42296779. 2001 reprint of the 1999 text, with revisions: OCLC 51198297.
  • Miyazaki, Hayao. Starting Point: 1979–1996. Beth Cary and Frederik L. Schodt, trans. San Francisco: VIZ Media, 2009. ISBN 978-1-4215-0594-7. OCLC 290477195.
    • Miyazaki, Hayao. Shuppatsuten, 1979–1996 (出発点—1979~1996). Tokyo: Studio Ghibli, Inc./Hatsubai Tokuma Shoten, 1996. ISBN 978-4-19-860541-4. OCLC 37636025. Original Japanese edition.
  • Miyazaki, Hayao. Turning Point: 1997-2008. Beth Cary and Frederik L. Schodt, trans. San Francisco: VIZ Media, 2014. ISBN 9781421560908. OCLC 854945352.
    • Miyazaki, Hayao. Orikaeshiten: 1997-2008 (折り返し点—1997~2008). Tokyo: Iwanami Shoten, 2008. ISBN 9784000223942. OCLC 237177737. Original Japanese edition.
  • Odell, Colin, and Michelle Le Blanc. Studio Ghibli: The Films of Hayao Miyazaki and Isao Takahata. Harpenden, Hertfordshire, England: Kamera, 2009. ISBN 978-1-84243-279-2. OCLC 299246656.

Documentaries

  • This Is How Ghibli Was Born (ジブリはこうして生まれた Jiburi wa kōshite umareta). 1998 documentary, Nippon TV, 28 min.
  • The Kingdom of Dreams and Madness (夢と狂気の王国 Yume to Kyoki no Okoku). 2013 documentary by Mami Sunada, 118 min.

External links

  • スタジオジブリ – STUDIO GHIBLI official (Japanese)
  • Studio Ghibli at Disney Video (United States)
  • Ghibli Museum, Mitaka
  • Nausicaa.net: The Hayao Miyazaki Web (Fan-maintained Studio Ghibli wiki)
  • Studio Ghibli at Anime News Network's encyclopedia
  • Includes a summary of all English-language video releases of Ghibli films.


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