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Stuttgart Airport

Stuttgart Airport
Flughafen Stuttgart
ICAO: EDDS
Summary
Airport type Public
Operator Flughafen Stuttgart GmbH
Serves Stuttgart, Germany
Hub for
Focus city for
Elevation AMSL 1,276 ft / 389 m
Coordinates
Website
Maps
Map of the Airport
Map of the Airport
STR is located in Baden-Württemberg
STR
Location within Baden-Württemberg
Runways
Direction Length Surface
m ft
07/25 3,345 10,974 Concrete
Helipads
Number Length Surface
m ft
H1 30 98 Concrete
Statistics (2014)
Passengers 9.728.710[1]
Source: German EUROCONTROL[2]

Stuttgart Airport (German: Flughafen Stuttgart, formerly Flughafen Stuttgart-Echterdingen) (ICAO: EDDS) is the international airport of Stuttgart, the capital of the German state Baden-Württemberg. It is christened after Stuttgart's former mayor, Manfred Rommel[3] and is the sixth busiest airport in Germany with 9,720,877 passengers having passed through its doors in 2012. The airport is an important hub for Germanwings and features flights to several European cities and leisure destinations as well as two long-haul services to Atlanta and Abu Dhabi.[4]

The airport is located approximately 13 km (8.1 mi) (10 km (6.2 mi) in a straight line) south[2] of Stuttgart and lies on the boundary between the nearby town of Leinfelden-Echterdingen, Filderstadt and Stuttgart itself. In 2007, the Stuttgart Trade Fair – the ninth biggest exhibition centre in Germany – moved to grounds directly next to the airport. Additionally, the global headquarters for car parking company APCOA Parking are located here.

Contents

  • History 1
    • First years and World War II 1.1
    • Later development 1.2
  • Terminals 2
  • Airlines and destinations 3
    • Cargo 3.1
  • Statistics 4
    • Passengers and movements 4.1
    • Largest airlines 4.2
    • Busiest routes 4.3
  • Ground transportation 5
    • Car 5.1
    • Coach 5.2
    • Railway 5.3
  • Accidents and incidents 6
  • See also 7
  • References 8
  • External links 9

History

First years and World War II

The airport was built in 1939 to replace Böblingen Airport. In 1945, the United States Army took over the airport until returning it to German authorities in 1948.

For the duration of the Cold War the runway and facilities were shared with the United States Army who operated helicopters, the Grumman OV-1 Mohawk and other fixed wing aircraft as Echterdingen Army Airfield on the southern portion of the airfield.[5][6] Some of the units operating at Echterdingen were headquartered at nearby Nellingen Kaserne- now closed and redeveloped.[7] In 1984-5, the 223rd Aviation Battalion (Combat) of the 11th Aviation Group (Combat) was headquartered at Echterdingen, with three aviation companies assigned (one at Schwäbisch Hall).[8] The U.S. Army still maintains a small helicopter base - Stuttgart Army Airfield - on the southern side of the airport, which it shares with the Baden-Württemberg State Police helicopter wing. The police helicopter wing falls under the control of Stuttgart Police Department and has six modern helicopters based at Stuttgart and two in Söllingen.

Later development

The airport was expanded after World War II. The runway was extended to 1,800 m (5,906 ft) in 1948, then to 2,250 m (7,382 ft) in 1961 and finally to 3,345 m (10,974 ft) in 1996.

The original 1938 terminal was finally replaced in 2004 and there are now four terminals with a maximum capacity of approximately 12 million passengers.

Politicians, town planners and nearby residents have been arguing for years about the construction of a second runway. However, on 25 June 2008 Minister-President Günther Oettinger announced that for the next 8–12 years no second runway will be built and that the restrictions for night operations stay in place.[9][10]

After the death of former mayor Manfred Rommel in November 2013 local politicians proposed to rename the airport after him.[11] This proposal caused public disputes as he was the son of Erwin Rommel but also highly respected for his work on intercultural affairs.[12] In July 2014 it has been announced that the airport will be named Flughafen Stuttgart - Manfred Rommel Flughafen from now on.[13]

In September 2014, United Airlines cancelled their route to Stuttgart from Newark due to insufficient demand[14] leaving Stuttgart Airport with only one remaining long-haul connection to Atlanta provided by Delta Air Lines. However, Air Berlin announced the start of a new second long-haul service with flights to Abu Dhabi from December 2014.[4]

In October 2014, easyJet announced to serve Stuttgart as their seventh German destination by March 2015.[15]

Terminals

Stuttgart Airport consists of four passenger terminals which have separate check-in facilities and entrances but are directly connected to each other and share a single airside area which features eight Jet bridges as well as about two dozen bus-boarding stands.[16]

  • Terminal 1 is the first of two landside main halls and features together with its addition Terminal 1-West 50 check-in counters. It shares the roof with Terminals 2 and 3 and is mainly used by Germanwings and Lufthansa.
  • Terminal 2 is a small area featuring nine check-in counters and a security checkpoint. It is located within the shopping area between the main halls of Terminals 1 and 3. It is used by Germanwings in addition to their counters in Terminal 1.
  • Terminal 3 is the second of the two landside main halls east of Terminal 1 and 2 and features 39 additional check-in counters. It is used by Air Berlin, TUIfly and KLM among several other airlines.
  • Terminal 4 is, unlike the other three terminals, a separate and very basic equipped building to the east of Terminals 1 to 3 but also connected to them by a walk way. It features 17 more check-in counters as well as several bus-boarding gates and is used mostly for holiday charter operations.

Airlines and destinations

The following airlines offer regular scheduled and charter flights at Stuttgart Airport:[17]

Airlines Destinations Terminal
Adria Airways Charter: Pristina 3
Aegean Airlines Athens, Thessaloniki
Seasonal: Heraklion, Rhodes
1
Aer Lingus Seasonal: Dublin 3
Aeroflot Moscow-Sheremetyevo 3
Air Berlin Abu Dhabi, Alicante, Berlin-Tegel, Catania, Düsseldorf, Hamburg, Hannover, Hurghada, Málaga, Naples, Palma de Mallorca, Venice-Marco Polo
Seasonal: Florence, Gran Canaria, Guernsey, Ibiza, Jersey, Malta, Olbia, Preveza, Rimini, Sylt, Tenerife-South, Thessaloniki
3
Air Cairo Hurghada 4
Air France Paris-Charles de Gaulle 3
Air Serbia Belgrade 3
Air VIA Seasonal charter: Burgas, Varna 4
AIS Airlines Münster/Osnabrück 1
AtlasGlobal Seasonal: Antalya 4
Arkia Israel Airlines Seasonal: Tel Aviv-Ben Gurion 4
Austrian Airlines Vienna, Graz 2
Blue Air Bucharest, Sibiu, Bacău (begins 2 June 2016), Turin (begins 27 March 2016)[18] 4
British Airways London-Heathrow 1
Bulgaria Air Seasonal charter: Burgas 4
Bulgarian Air Charter Seasonal charter: Burgas, Varna 4
Condor Antalya, Fuerteventura, Funchal, Gran Canaria, Hurghada, Lanzarote, Santa Cruz de la Palma, Tenerife-South
Seasonal: Dalaman, Heraklion, Jerez de la Frontera, Kos, Mykonos, Palma de Mallorca, Preveza, Rhodes, Santorini
3
Corendon Airlines Antalya 4
Delta Air Lines Atlanta 3
easyJet Edinburgh (begins 2 November 2015), London-Gatwick, Milan-Malpensa, Porto, Venice-Marco Polo (begins 29 March 2016) 3
Eurowings Berlin-Tegel (begins 27 March 2016),[19] Hamburg[20] 1, 2
Flybe Birmingham 3
Freebird Airlines Seasonal charter: Antalya 4
Germania Larnaca (begins 3 May 2016)
Charter: Pristina
4
Germanwings Amsterdam, Barcelona, Bari, Berlin-Schönefeld,[21] Berlin-Tegel, Bremen, Brussels, Budapest, Catania, Dresden, Hanover, Heraklion, Leipzig/Halle, Lisbon, London-Heathrow, London-Stansted, Malaga, Milan-Malpensa, Naples, Nice, Pristina, Rome-Fiumicino, Rostock, Sarajevo, Split, Thessaloniki, Vienna, Zagreb
Seasonal: Ankara, Antalya, Athens, Bastia, Belgrade, Bilbao, Brindisi, Cagliari, Corfu, Dubrovnik, Faro, Gran Canaria, Heringsdorf, Ibiza, Istanbul-Sabiha Gökçen, Izmir, Kavala, Kraków, Lamezia Terme, Olbia, Palma de Mallorca, Reykjavik-Keflavik, Rijeka, Tirana, Tunis, Valencia, Zadar
1, 2
Germanwings
operated by Eurowings
Brussels (ends 25 March 2016) 1
Iberia Express Madrid 3
Israir Airlines Seasonal: Tel Aviv-Ben Gurion 4
KLM
operated by KLM Cityhopper
Amsterdam 3
Lufthansa Frankfurt 1
Lufthansa Regional
operated by Lufthansa CityLine
Munich 1
Montenegro Airlines Seasonal charter: Tivat 4
Nesma Airlines Seasonal charter: Hurghada 4
Nouvelair Djerba, Enfidha 4
Onur Air Istanbul-Atatürk
Seasonal: Antalya
4
Pegasus Airlines Ankara, Kayseri, Istanbul-Sabiha Gökçen, Izmir 3,4
Ryanair Manchester 3
Scandinavian Airlines Copenhagen 1
Sea Air
operated by Ten Airways
Osijek[22] 4
SunExpress Izmir
Seasonal: Antalya, Istanbul-Sabiha Gökçen
4
SunExpress Deutschland Adana, Ankara, Bodrum, Dalaman, Gaziantep, Hurghada, Kayseri, Marrakech, Marsa Alam, Samsun, Trabzon
Seasonal: Heraklion, Fuerteventura, Lanzarote (begins 3 May 2016),[23] Rhodes, Varna
Seasonal charter: Ras al-Khaimah
3, 4
Swiss International Air Lines
operated by Swiss Global Air Lines
Zürich 2
Tailwind Airlines Antalya 4
TUIfly Boa Vista, Fuerteventura, Gran Canaria, Hurghada, Lanzarote, Marsa Alam, Tenerife-South
Seasonal: Antalya, Arvidsjaur (begins 23 November 2015), Brindisi (begins 25 March 2016), Chania, Corfu, Dalaman, Faro, Heraklion, Ibiza, Izmir, Jerez de la Frontera, Kos, Funchal, Menorca, Palma de Mallorca, Rhodes, Sal, Tel Aviv-Ben Gurion
3
Tunisair Djerba, Enfidha 4
Turkish Airlines Istanbul-Atatürk, Istanbul-Sabiha Gökçen
Seasonal: Adana, Ankara, Antalya, Izmir, Kayseri, Trabzon
1
Twin Jet Lyon 1
Vueling Barcelona, Rome-Fiumicino 3
WOW air Seasonal: Reykjavík-Keflavík 3

Cargo

Airlines Destinations
Deutsche Post
operated by TUIfly
Hanover
Deutsche Post
operated by Germanwings
Berlin-Tegel
DHL Aviation
operated by EAT Leipzig
Leipzig/Halle
FedEx Feeder
operated by ASL Airlines Ireland
Paris-Charles de Gaulle

Statistics

Passengers and movements

Terminals 1 to 3
One of the two main halls
Departure area
Passengers Movements
1999 7,688,951 119,904
2000 8,141,020 150,451
2001 7,642,409 146,771
2002 7,284,319 144,208
2003 7,595,286 144,903
2004 8,831,216 156,885
2005 9,413,671 160,405
2006 10,111,346 164,735
2007 10,328,120 164,531
2008 9,932,887 160,243
2009 8,941,990 141,572
2010 9,226,546 135,335
2011 9,591,461 136,580
2012 9,735,087 131,524
2013 9,588,692 124,588
2014 9,728,710 122,818
Source: Stuttgart Airport[24]

Largest airlines

A Delta Air Lines Boeing 767-300ER at Stuttgart Airport
A Lufthansa Boeing 737-500 at Stuttgart Airport
Largest airlines by passengers(2014)[24]
Rank Airline %
1 Germanwings 32.3%
2 Air Berlin 19.6%
3 TUIfly 6.3%
4 Condor 5.0%
5 Lufthansa 4.8%
6 Turkish Airlines 3.9%
7 SunExpress 2.9%
8 SunExpress Deutschland 2.5%
9 KLM 2.3%
10 Austrian Airlines 2.1%

Busiest routes

Busiest domestic routes out of Stuttgart Airport(2014)[24]
Rank Destination Passengers
1 Berlin, Schönefeld Airport and Tegel Airport 998,000
2 Hamburg, Hamburg Airport 737,000
3 Hesse, Frankfurt Airport 310,000
4 Lower Saxony, Hannover Airport 204,000
5 Bavaria, Munich Airport 155,000
6 Bremen, Bremen Airport 145,000
7 North Rhine-Westphalia, Düsseldorf Airport 145,000
Busiest international routes out of Stuttgart Airport(2014)[24]
Rank Destination Passengers
1 Spain, Palma de Mallorca Airport 649,000
2 Turkey, Istanbul (Atatürk Airport and Sabiha Gökçen Airport) 543,000
3 Turkey, Antalya Airport 494,000
4 United Kingdom, London (Heathrow Airport and Stansted Airport) 407,000
5 Austria, Vienna International Airport 339,000
6 Netherlands, Amsterdam Airport 233,000
7 Spain, Barcelona Airport 223,000
8 Switzerland, Zürich Airport 204,000
9 Greece, Thessaloniki Airport 184,000
10 France, Paris Paris-Charles de Gaulle Airport 184,000

Ground transportation

The motorway leading to the airport with a large car park across it
Stuttgart Flughafen/Messe station

Car

The airport lies right next to the A 8 Autobahn that connects the cities of Karlsruhe, Stuttgart and Munich. A large car park belonging to Stuttgart Messe spans the A 8 leading to the airport.

Coach

From the regional cities of Esslingen am Neckar, Reutlingen and Tübingen exists a connection by coach. Additionally, German long-distance coach operators ADAC Postbus, DeinBus and Flixbus maintain their stop for Stuttgart on the airport grounds with direct connections to several major cities.

Railway

Stuttgart Airport can be easily reached within 30 minutes from the city's main railway station using the Stuttgart suburban railway S2 or S3 from Stuttgart Flughafen/Messe station.

Accidents and incidents

  • On 19 January 2010, Bin Air Swearingen SA-227-C Metro D-CKPP was damaged when the right main undercarriage collapsed on landing.[25]
  • On 14 September 2009, a Contact Air Fokker 100 hit the runway without part of its landing gear extended. One flight attendant was injured.

See also

References

  1. ^ "Rund 9,7 Mio. Passagiere in 2,014 - Gewinnerwartung über Vorjahr". Retrieved 4 June 2,015. 
  2. ^ a b "EAD Basic - Error Page". Retrieved 4 June 2015. 
  3. ^ "Namenserweiterung in Manfred Rommel Flughafen" (Press release) (in German). Flughafen Stuttgart GmbH. 22 October 2014. Retrieved 7 November 2014. 
  4. ^ a b "airberlin presse – airberlin plant Flüge von Stuttgart nach Abu Dhabi". Retrieved 4 June 2015. 
  5. ^ http://www.mil-airfields.de/de/stuttgart-echterdingen.htm
  6. ^ http://www.usarmygermany.com/Sont.htm?http&&&www.usarmygermany.com/Units/Army%20Aviation/USAREUR_Stuttgart.htm
  7. ^ http://www.billybils.de/Seite%204_65.htm
  8. ^ Isby and Kamps, Armies of NATO's Central Front, Jane's, 1985, 375.
  9. ^ Flughafen bekommt keine zweite Startbahn. Stuttgarter Zeitung online vom 25. Juni 2008 (in German).
  10. ^ Das Versprechen gilt nur auf "absehbare Zeit". Stuttgarter Zeitung online vom 25. Juni 2008 (in German).
  11. ^ Stuttgarter Nachrichten, Stuttgart, Germany (9 November 2013). "Manfred-Rommel-Flughafen?: CDU will Stuttgarter Flughafen umbenennen - Stuttgart - Stuttgarter Nachrichten". Retrieved 4 June 2015. 
  12. ^ Stuttgarter Zeitung, Stuttgart, Germany (15 July 2014). "Manfred-Rommel-Flughafen: Flughafen Stuttgart mit neuem Namen - Stuttgart - Stuttgarter Zeitung". stuttgarter-zeitung.de. Retrieved 4 June 2015. 
  13. ^ "aero.de - Luftfahrt-Nachrichten und -Community". aero.de. Retrieved 4 June 2015. 
  14. ^ FVW Medien GmbH. "United Airlines: Aus für Stuttgart–New York". biztravel.de. Retrieved 4 June 2015. 
  15. ^ FVW Medien GmbH. "Easyjet: Noch drei Deutschland-Routen". biztravel.de. Retrieved 4 June 2015. 
  16. ^ "Terminal guide". Retrieved 4 June 2015. 
  17. ^ "Saisonflugplan". Retrieved 4 June 2015. 
  18. ^ New Blue Air Turin Routes S16
  19. ^ "germanwings / Eurowings Route Transfers in April 2016". Airlineroute.net. 7 April 2015. Retrieved 7 April 2015. 
  20. ^ http://airlineroute.net/2015/03/23/4uew-w15update1/ germanwings Moves 55 Routes to Eurowings from late-Oct 2015
  21. ^ "Germanwings stellt sich Konkurrenz durch Ryanair". airliners.de. Retrieved 4 June 2015. 
  22. ^ http://www.exyuaviation.com/2015/06/croatian-start-ups-modify-planned.html
  23. ^ http://airlineroute.net/2015/10/06/xg-s16/
  24. ^ a b c d http://www.flughafen-stuttgart.de/media/595588/Jahresbericht_2014.pdf
  25. ^ "Accident: BinAir SW4 at Stuttgart on Jan 19th 2010, right main gear collapsed on landing". The Aviation Herald. Retrieved 20 January 2010. 

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