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Sumba–Flores languages

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Title: Sumba–Flores languages  
Author: World Heritage Encyclopedia
Language: English
Subject: Palu'e language, Bilba language, Dengka language, Lole language, Ringgou language
Collection: Languages of Indonesia, Sumba Languages
Publisher: World Heritage Encyclopedia

Sumba–Flores languages

Lesser Sunda Islands (Indonesia)
Linguistic classification: Austronesian
  • ? Bima
  • Sumba–Manggarai
Glottolog: bima1247  (Bima)[1]
flor1240  (Sumba–Manggarai)[2]

The Sumba–Flores languages, approximately synonymous with Bima–Sumba, are a proposed group of Austronesian languages (geographically Central–Eastern Malayo-Polynesian languages) spoken on and around the islands of Sumbawa (eastern), Sumba, and western–central Flores in the Lesser Sundas. The main languages are Bima and Manggarai, which have half a million speakers apiece on the eastern half of Sumbawa Island and the western third of Flores, respectively, and Kambera, with a quarter million speakers on the eastern half of Sumba Island.

The Hawu language of Savu Island is suspected of having a non-Austronesian substratum, but perhaps not to any greater extent than the languages of central and eastern Flores, such as Sika, or indeed of Central Malayo-Polynesian languages in general.


Blust (2009)[3] finds moderate support for linking Bimanese with Sumba–Manggarai.


  1. ^ Nordhoff, Sebastian; Hammarström, Harald; Forkel, Robert; Haspelmath, Martin, eds. (2013). "Bima". Glottolog 2.2. Leipzig: Max Planck Institute for Evolutionary Anthropology. 
  2. ^ Nordhoff, Sebastian; Hammarström, Harald; Forkel, Robert; Haspelmath, Martin, eds. (2013). "Flores–Sumba–Hawu". Glottolog 2.2. Leipzig: Max Planck Institute for Evolutionary Anthropology. 
  3. ^ Robert Blust, 2009. "Is there a Bima-Sumba subgroup?" In Oceanic Linguistics

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