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Supreme Being

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Title: Supreme Being  
Author: World Heritage Encyclopedia
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Subject: Problem of evil, Monotheism, Pantheism, Philosophy of religion, Theism
Collection: Conceptions of God, Singular God, Superlatives in Religion
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Supreme Being

Supreme Being, higher being, and higher power are terms for philosophical conceptions of God.[1] The terms are used by theologists and philosophers of many religious faiths, including Judaism, Christianity,[2] Islam,[3] Hinduism,[4] and deism.[5]

Contents

  • Use of the term 1
    • Christianity 1.1
    • Deism 1.2
    • Hinduism 1.3
    • Islam 1.4
    • Sikhism 1.5
    • Yoruba religion 1.6
  • See also 2
  • References 3

Use of the term

Christianity

In Christian theology, the term Supreme Being is used to refer to God.[6] Although mostly used specifically as a reference to God the Father, it can be used to refer to Christ or the Christian Trinity of Father, Son and Holy Spirit.[7]

Deism

Festival of the Supreme Being, 8 June 1794 Paris

Deists use the term Supreme Being to refer to the Divine. Following the French Revolution, the Cult of the Supreme Being was intended to become the state religion of the new French Republic.[8]

Hinduism

In Hinduism the ultimate truth is called Para Brahman. And that Supreme truth is manifested as Vishnu and Shiva. In the Vaishnavite traditions of Hinduism, the term is applied to Vishnu/Krishna.[9][10] In the Shaiva tradition of Hinduism, Shiva is referred to as the "Supreme Being".[11]

Islam

Islamic scholars have used the term Supreme Being to refer to Allah, Arabic for "The God".[12]

Sikhism

The holy scripture of the Sikhs, Guru Granth Sahib, uses terms that are sometimes translated as "Supreme Being". Sikhs personally use Waheguru, or the term Ek Omkar, meaning "One God."

Yoruba religion

In the Yoruba religion the term "Supreme Being" is used in reference to Olorun, one of the three manifestations of the Supreme God in the Yoruba pantheon.[13] In Yoruba cosmology, Olorun is the Supreme Being whose supremacy is absolute.[14]

See also

References

  1. ^ definition according to Miriam-Webster on line dictionary.
  2. ^ http://www.actsweb.org/articles/article.php?i=1431&d=2&c=2 and http://www.orthodoxresearchinstitute.org/articles/dogmatics/baroudy_god_supreme_being.htm
  3. ^ Revelation – Sacred Theology
  4. ^ The Hindu Online edition of India's National Newspaper, Monday, Sep 22, 2003
  5. ^ website showing usage by Deists during the French Revolution.
  6. ^ God – the Supreme Being
  7. ^ The Sense of a Supreme Being
  8. ^ Neely, p. 212: "(T)he Convention authorized the creation of a civic religion, the Cult of the Supreme Being. On May 7, Robespierre introduced the legislation...."
  9. ^ Delmonico, N. (2004). "The History Of Indic Monotheism And Modern Chaitanya Vaishnavism". The Hare Krishna Movement: the Postcharismatic Fate of a Religious Transplant.  
  10. ^ Elkman, S.M.; Gosvami, J. (1986). Jiva Gosvamin's Tattvasandarbha: A Study on the Philosophical and Sectarian Development of the Gaudiya Vaisnava Movement. Motilal Banarsidass Pub. 
  11. ^ Maha Shirvratri website, About Lord Shiva
  12. ^ Allah, al-llah
  13. ^ God – Olorun
  14. ^ The Yoruba Religious System
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