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Tarkio, Missouri

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Tarkio, Missouri

Tarkio, Missouri
City
Location of Tarkio, Missouri
Location of Tarkio, Missouri
Coordinates:
Country United States
State Missouri
County Atchison
Township Tarkio
Area[1]
 • Total 1.39 sq mi (3.60 km2)
 • Land 1.39 sq mi (3.60 km2)
 • Water 0 sq mi (0 km2)
Elevation 928 ft (283 m)
Population (2010)[2]
 • Total 1,583
 • Estimate (2012[3]) 1,534
 • Density 1,138.8/sq mi (439.7/km2)
Time zone Central (CST) (UTC-6)
 • Summer (DST) CDT (UTC-5)
ZIP code 64491
Area code(s) 660
FIPS code 29-72340[4]
GNIS feature ID 0727463[5]

Tarkio is a city in Tarkio Township, Atchison County, Missouri, United States. The population was 1,583 at the 2010 census.[4][6] It was platted in 1880 and incorporated in 1881. The name "Tarkio" is from a Native American word meaning "place where walnuts grow".[7] Historically, the economy of the city was based on agriculture and its status as a college town.

Contents

  • History 1
  • Geography and climate 2
  • Demographics 3
    • 2010 census 3.1
    • 2000 census 3.2
  • Education 4
  • Notable people 5
  • References 6
  • External links 7

History

Tarkio was founded by Charles E. Perkins in 1880,[8] and grew rapidly. The Tarkio Avalanche newspaper was founded in 1884. By 1900, the U.S. Census shows 2,845 persons living in Tarkio.[4] According to the 1910, 1920, and 1930 census, the number of residents held fairly steady for the next 30 years.[4]

One of the community's most famous landmarks was the Tarkio Mule Barn, an octagonal brick structure built in the early 1890s. It was converted to the Tarkio Mule Barn Theatre which was used by Tarkio College. It was on the National Register of Historic Places, but the building was destroyed in a 1989 fire.[9]

Geography and climate

Tarkio is located at .[10]

According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 1.39 square miles (3.60 km2), all land.[1]

Climate data for Tarkio, Missouri (1981–2010)
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Average high °F (°C) 34.9
(1.6)
40.6
(4.8)
50.7
(10.4)
64.6
(18.1)
74.3
(23.5)
81.9
(27.7)
86.2
(30.1)
84.8
(29.3)
77.9
(25.5)
66.2
(19)
50.6
(10.3)
36.9
(2.7)
62.5
(16.9)
Average low °F (°C) 15.3
(−9.3)
19.4
(−7)
28.4
(−2)
39.4
(4.1)
51.3
(10.7)
60.5
(15.8)
65.4
(18.6)
61.4
(16.3)
53.1
(11.7)
41.4
(5.2)
29.7
(−1.3)
18.9
(−7.3)
40.4
(4.7)
Average precipitation inches (mm) 0.50
(12.7)
1.10
(27.9)
2.08
(52.8)
2.60
(66)
4.95
(125.7)
4.16
(105.7)
4.52
(114.8)
3.41
(86.6)
3.06
(77.7)
2.54
(64.5)
1.91
(48.5)
1.03
(26.2)
31.87
(809.5)
Average snowfall inches (cm) 3.9
(9.9)
4.4
(11.2)
2.6
(6.6)
0.9
(2.3)
0.0
(0)
0.0
(0)
0.0
(0)
0.0
(0)
0.0
(0)
0.1
(0.3)
0.8
(2)
3.0
(7.6)
15.5
(39.4)
Source: NOAA[11]

Demographics

2010 census

As of the census[2] of 2010, there were 1,583 people, 703 households, and 421 families residing in the city. The population density was 1,138.8 inhabitants per square mile (439.7/km2). There were 844 housing units at an average density of 607.2 per square mile (234.4/km2). The racial makeup of the city was 97.9% White, 0.8% African American, 0.4% Native American, 0.4% Asian, 0.1% from other races, and 0.4% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 1.0% of the population.

There were 703 households of which 25.2% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 46.9% were married couples living together, 8.0% had a female householder with no husband present, 5.0% had a male householder with no wife present, and 40.1% were non-families. 35.4% of all households were made up of individuals and 17.1% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.19 and the average family size was 2.83.

The median age in the city was 45.9 years. 20.6% of residents were under the age of 18; 6.9% were between the ages of 18 and 24; 21% were from 25 to 44; 29.1% were from 45 to 64; and 22.3% were 65 years of age or older. The gender makeup of the city was 48.3% male and 51.7% female.

2000 census

As of the census[4] of 2000, there were 1,935 people, 749 households, and 468 families residing in the city. The population density was 1,397.9 people per square mile (541.4/km²). There were 843 housing units at an average density of 609.0/sq mi (235.9/km²). The racial makeup of the city was 92.45% White, 6.30% African American, 0.26% Native American, 0.26% Asian, 0.36% from other races, and 0.36% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 0.78% of the population.

There were 749 households out of which 27.0% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 48.1% were married couples living together, 10.0% had a female householder with no husband present, and 37.4% were non-families. 33.6% of all households were made up of individuals and 17.9% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.26 and the average family size was 2.87.

In the city the population was spread out with 29.1% under the age of 18, 7.5% from 18 to 24, 22.9% from 25 to 44, 20.8% from 45 to 64, and 19.6% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 38 years. For every 100 females there were 106.1 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 86.4 males.

The median income for a household in the city was $28,144, and the median income for a family was $34,625. Males had a median income of $26,900 versus $18,681 for females. The per capita income for the city was $14,160. About 12.4% of families and 16.3% of the population were below the poverty line, including 20.4% of those under age 18 and 15.5% of those age 65 or over.

Education

Tarkio was home to Tarkio College, a private Presbyterian college founded in 1883. The college closed in 1991. Starting in 2012 the Alumni Association rented the Campus' Main building, Rankin Hall, and is currently being restored.[7]

Notable people

One of Tarkio College's alumni was scientist Wallace Hume Carothers (1896–1937). He obtained a bachelor of science degree at the college, went on to teach at Harvard University, and is considered the "father of man-made polymers." He is responsible for the discovery of nylon and neoprene.[14]

Another alumnus of Tarkio College was anthropologist Edgar Lee Hewett (1865–1946), remembered for his role in bringing about the Antiquities Act that enabled preservation of archaeological sites as United States national monuments. Hewett received his degree in pedagogy from the college, moved to Colorado and then to New Mexico, becoming the first president of the New Mexico Normal School (now New Mexico Highlands University).[15]

Music composer Walter Greene (1910–1983), best known for his work at DePatie-Freleng Enterprises (notable works included The Pink Panther Show & The Inspector), was born in Tarkio.[16]

David Rankin (1825–1910), the so-called "Missouri Corn King", was a resident of Tarkio. Starting with a single ox and plow, Rankin enlarged his farm to over 25,000 acres (101 km2) of land, 12,000 head of cattle, and 25,000 hogs in Northwest Missouri. By using the latest tools and technology, Rankin was able to raise a crop of 1,000,000 bushels of corn in a single year.[17] Rankin Hall, a building on the former Tarkio College campus, was named for the Rankin family.

U.S. Representative Sam Graves is from Tarkio, as is his brother, Todd Graves, who resigned as U.S. Attorney for the Western District of Missouri in 2006.

Judge Zel M. Fischer of the Supreme Court of Missouri (2008-Present) currently lives in Tarkio with his wife and four children.

References

  1. ^ a b "US Gazetteer files 2010".  
  2. ^ a b "American FactFinder".  
  3. ^ "Population Estimates".  
  4. ^ a b c d e "American FactFinder".  
  5. ^ "US Board on Geographic Names".  
  6. ^ U.S. Census Bureau FactFinder
  7. ^ a b "History/Tarkio". Atchison County Development Corp. Retrieved 2009-03-07. 
  8. ^ Eaton, David Wolfe (1916). How Missouri Counties, Towns and Streams Were Named. The State Historical Society of Missouri. p. 203. 
  9. ^ O'Donnell, Billyo (illustrator); Karen Glines (2008). Painting Missouri: The Counties En Plein Air. Columbia, MO: University of Missouri Press. p. 6.  
  10. ^ "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990".  
  11. ^ "NOWData - NOAA Online Weather Data".  
  12. ^ "Annual Estimates of the Resident Population for Incorporated Places: April 1, 2010 to July 1, 2014". Retrieved June 4, 2015. 
  13. ^ "Census of Population and Housing". Census.gov. Retrieved June 4, 2015. 
  14. ^ Hermes, Matthew (1996). Enough for One Lifetime, Wallace Carothers the Inventor of Nylon. Chemical Heritage Foundation.  
  15. ^ Fisher, Reginald (July 1947). "Edgar Lee Hewett". American Antiquity 13 (1): 78–79. 
  16. ^ IMDb. "Walter Greene (II)". Amazon.com. Retrieved 2007-04-20. 
  17. ^ Stevens, Walter (1921). Centennial History of Missouri (The Center State): One Hundred Years in the Union 1820-1891. St. Louis-Chicago: S. J. Clarke Publishing Company. pp. 802–803. 

External links

  • Tarkio, MO Official Town Website
  • newspaperTarkio Avalanche
  • Snowstorm in 1881
  • Historic maps of Tarkio in the Sanborn Maps of Missouri Collection at the University of Missouri
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