World Library  
Flag as Inappropriate
Email this Article

Thracian horseman

Article Id: WHEBN0015839432
Reproduction Date:

Title: Thracian horseman  
Author: World Heritage Encyclopedia
Language: English
Subject: Paleo-Balkan mythology, Pirot, October Horse
Collection:
Publisher: World Heritage Encyclopedia
Publication
Date:
 

Thracian horseman

"Thracian horseman" relief with Latin inscription at Philippi.

The Thracian horseman (Bulgarian: Тракийски конник, Serbian: Трачки коњаник) is the name given to a recurring motif of a deity in the form of a horseman, in Paleo-Balkanic mythology. The motif typically features a caped horseman astride a steed, with a spear poised in his right hand. He is often depicted as slaying a beast with a spear, though this features is sometimes absent.[1][2][3] The tradition is best illustrated in surviving artifacts from Thrace, Macedonia, Moesia, and Scythia Minor dating to the Roman era, and is often found depicted on funerary statues.

There are different theories on the identification of the deity.

  • Rhesus,[4] a Thracian king who fought on the side of the Trojans in the Iliad, Book X.
  • A god of the underworld, which would explain why he commonly appears on funerary statues.
  • Sabazios, the Thracian version of the Indo-European Dyeus. Sabazios gained widespread importance after the Roman conquest.
  • The rider is a syncretism of a Romanized people; the rider is a representation of the Cult of Apollo.

After Christianity was adopted, the motif of the Thracian horseman is believed to have continued in representations of dragon.[2][5][6]

In the 4th century, the reliefs were considered to be representations of St. George.[7]

Examples

  • A figurine of Apollo (Romanized) excavated at Perperikon, Ancient site in Bulgaria.[8]
  • At the Maglić monastery of village Blato, Pirot, Serbia, a 2nd-century AD relief of the Thracian horseman was excavated in September 2008.[9]
  • More "rider god" steles are at the Burdur Museum, in Saint George and the Dragon, whose earliest known depictions are from tenth- and eleventh-century Cappadocia and eleventh-century Georgia and Armenia.
  • An important Serbian example of the influence of the Thracian Horseman in Christian iconography appears in the badly damaged wall painting of St George in the ruins of [11]

Honours

Heros Peninsula in Antarctica is named after the Thracian Horseman.

Annotations

  • Also known as the "Thracian rider" or "Thracian hero".

References

  1. ^
  2. ^ a b
  3. ^
  4. ^
  5. ^
  6. ^
  7. ^
  8. ^ http://sofiaecho.com/2010/10/18/978553_archaeology-summer-dig-at-perperikon-yields-new-finds
  9. ^
  10. ^ Sabazios on coins, illustrated in the M. Halkam collection.
  11. ^

Further reading

  • Nora Dimitrova, "Inscriptions and Iconography in the Monuments of the Thracian Rider," Hesperia 71.2 (2002) 209–229.
This article was sourced from Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License; additional terms may apply. World Heritage Encyclopedia content is assembled from numerous content providers, Open Access Publishing, and in compliance with The Fair Access to Science and Technology Research Act (FASTR), Wikimedia Foundation, Inc., Public Library of Science, The Encyclopedia of Life, Open Book Publishers (OBP), PubMed, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Center for Biotechnology Information, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Institutes of Health (NIH), U.S. Department of Health & Human Services, and USA.gov, which sources content from all federal, state, local, tribal, and territorial government publication portals (.gov, .mil, .edu). Funding for USA.gov and content contributors is made possible from the U.S. Congress, E-Government Act of 2002.
 
Crowd sourced content that is contributed to World Heritage Encyclopedia is peer reviewed and edited by our editorial staff to ensure quality scholarly research articles.
 
By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. World Heritage Encyclopedia™ is a registered trademark of the World Public Library Association, a non-profit organization.
 



Copyright © World Library Foundation. All rights reserved. eBooks from World eBook Library are sponsored by the World Library Foundation,
a 501c(4) Member's Support Non-Profit Organization, and is NOT affiliated with any governmental agency or department.