World Library  
Flag as Inappropriate
Email this Article

Timeline of chess

Article Id: WHEBN0000525311
Reproduction Date:

Title: Timeline of chess  
Author: World Heritage Encyclopedia
Language: English
Subject: History of chess, Requests for comment/Roylee, WikiProject Chess/Index of chess articles, Years in chess, Avalanche chess
Collection: Culture-Related Timelines, History of Chess, Years in Chess
Publisher: World Heritage Encyclopedia
Publication
Date:
 

Timeline of chess

This is a timeline of chess.

Contents

  • Early history 1
  • 18th century 2
  • 19th century 3
  • 20th century 4
  • 21st century 5
  • See also 6
  • Notes 7
  • References 8

Early history

  • 6th century – The game chaturanga probably evolved into its current form around this time in India.[1]
  • 569 – A Chinese emperor wrote a book of xiangqi, Xiang Jing, in AD 569.
  • c. 600 – The Karnamuk-i-Artakhshatr-i-Papakan contains references to the Persian game of shatranj, the direct ancestor of modern Chess. shatranj was initially called "Chatrang" in Persian (named after the Indian version), which was later renamed to shatranj.
  • c. 720 – Chess spreads across the Islamic world from Persia.
  • c. 840 – Earliest surviving chess problems by Caliph Billah of Baghdad.
  • c. 900 – Entry on Chess in the Chinese work Huan Kwai Lu ('Book of Marvels').
  • 997 – Versus de scachis is the earliest known work mentioning chess in Christian Western Europe.[2]
  • 1008 – Mention of chess in the will of Count Uregel, another early reference.
  • 10th century – As-Suli writes Kitab Ash-Shatranj, the earliest known work to take a scientific approach to chess strategy.
  • late 10th century – Dark and light squares are introduced on a chessboard.
  • 1173 – Earliest recorded use of algebraic chess notation.
  • 1283 – Alfonso X compiles the Libro de los juegos, with an extensive collection of chess problems.
  • late 13th century – Pawns can now move two ranks on first move.
  • late 14th century – The en passant rule is introduced.
  • 1422 – A manuscript from Kraków sets the rule that stalemate is a draw.
  • 1471 – The Göttingen manuscript is the first book to deal solely with chess.
  • 1474 – William Caxton publishes The Game and Playe of Chesse, the first chess book in English.
  • 1475–1525 – The modern moves for the queen, bishop, and castling are slowly adopted.
  • 1475 – Scachs d'amor the first published game of modern chess, written as a poem.
  • 1497 – Luis Ramirez Lucena publishes the first European work on chess openings.
  • 1510 – Marco Girolamo Vida wrote Scacchia ludus(The Game of Chess) with the first reference to a goddess of chess.[3]
  • 1512 – Pedro Damiano publishes one of the first chess treatises, Questo libro e da imparare giocare a scachi et de li partiti
  • 1561 – Ruy López coins the word gambit to describe opening sacrifices.
  • 1690 – Openings are now systematically classified by the Traite de Lausanne.

18th century

19th century

20th century

Garry Kasparov and Nigel Short break from FIDE to play their world championship match, forming the Professional Chess Association.

21st century

See also

Notes

  1. ^ Henry Davidson, A Short History of Chess, p. 6
  2. ^ Helena M. Gamer: "The Earliest Evidence of Chess in Western Literature: The Einsiedeln Verses", Speculum, Vol. 29, No. 4 (1954), pp. 734–50
  3. ^ Brief notes on the history of chess 1500 chess-poster.com

References

This article was sourced from Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License; additional terms may apply. World Heritage Encyclopedia content is assembled from numerous content providers, Open Access Publishing, and in compliance with The Fair Access to Science and Technology Research Act (FASTR), Wikimedia Foundation, Inc., Public Library of Science, The Encyclopedia of Life, Open Book Publishers (OBP), PubMed, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Center for Biotechnology Information, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Institutes of Health (NIH), U.S. Department of Health & Human Services, and USA.gov, which sources content from all federal, state, local, tribal, and territorial government publication portals (.gov, .mil, .edu). Funding for USA.gov and content contributors is made possible from the U.S. Congress, E-Government Act of 2002.
 
Crowd sourced content that is contributed to World Heritage Encyclopedia is peer reviewed and edited by our editorial staff to ensure quality scholarly research articles.
 
By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. World Heritage Encyclopedia™ is a registered trademark of the World Public Library Association, a non-profit organization.
 



Copyright © World Library Foundation. All rights reserved. eBooks from World eBook Library are sponsored by the World Library Foundation,
a 501c(4) Member's Support Non-Profit Organization, and is NOT affiliated with any governmental agency or department.