World Library  
Flag as Inappropriate
Email this Article

Turnaround (road)

Article Id: WHEBN0005085828
Reproduction Date:

Title: Turnaround (road)  
Author: World Heritage Encyclopedia
Language: English
Subject: Glossary of road transport terms, Texas U-turn, Intersection (road), Continuous-flow intersection, Cul-de-sac
Collection: Bridges, Road Infrastructure, Road Junction Types
Publisher: World Heritage Encyclopedia
Publication
Date:
 

Turnaround (road)

In the field of road transport, a turnaround is a type of junction that allows traffic traveling in one direction on a road to efficiently make a U-turn (to reverse course and travel the opposite direction) typically without backing up or making dangerous maneuvers in the middle of the traffic stream. While many junction types permit U-turns, the term turnaround often applies to road junctions built specifically for this purpose.

Contents

  • Junction types designed specifically for U-turns 1
  • Junction types which permit U-turns 2
  • Hybrid junctions 3
  • Non-junctions 4
  • References 5
  • External links 6

Junction types designed specifically for U-turns

The following road junction types are designed specifically to allow U-turns.

  • The Texas U-turn allows traffic traveling on one direction of a one-way frontage road, running parallel to a highway, to cross the highway (via a grade separation) and turn onto the other frontage road, traveling in the opposite direction. The term refers to roadworks which are specially built for this purpose; and does not refer to use of an intersecting roadway to navigate between frontage roads.[1]
  • The median U-turn crossover (often called a "Michigan left" in the United States) allows traffic traveling in one direction on a divided highway (typically one with traffic lights and at-grade intersections) to perform a U-turn through the median.
  • A junction resembling a "backward jughandle" is sometimes found, allowing U-turns. According to the U.S. Federal Highway Administration, this is actually just a variant of a standard median U-turn crossover, built to accommodate roads with medians too narrow to otherwise permit a U-turn to be made safely.[2] Traffic wishing to turn around executes a turn across oncoming traffic (left in countries where traffic drives on the right; right in countries where traffic drives on the left) onto the at-grade ramp (sometimes called a "bulb out" or a "loon"),[3][4] but rather than merging onto a crossing road, the "bulb out" turns back and merges onto the road the traffic just left, in the opposite direction.
  • A grade-separated ramp can be used to allow traffic to turn around.
    • An example on a controlled-access highway is the Sabine River Turnaround, exit 1 on westbound Interstate 10 in Calcasieu Parish, Louisiana, United States, just before the Sabine River and the Texas border.[9][10] U-turn traffic exits normally onto the U-turn ramp, which forms an underpass below the highway; traffic then rejoins the highway at an eastbound entrance ramp.
    • Examples on a controlled-access highway with frontage roads are on the Manuel Gómez Morín Beltway, just north and south of Mariano Otero Avenue in Zapopan, Mexico, just outside Guadalajara.[11][12][13][14] Here, traffic travels to a frontage road, whose inner (left) lane leads to a U-turn ramp which descends and forms an underpass below the beltway; traffic then ascends and joins the inner (left) lane of the opposing frontage road.
    • Other examples on a controlled-access highway are on the Damansara–Puchong (E11) Expressway (also known by its Malaysian acronym, LDP), between exit 1114 (the Puchong Jaya Interchange) and exit 1118 (the Puchong Intan Interchange), in Puchong, Malaysia, near Kuala Lumpur.[15] Traffic drives on the left, and the outer (left) lanes serve as hybrid entrance/exit lanes and frontage roads. In each direction, outer-lane traffic can travel to a U-turn ramp which forms an overpass above the LDP. The U-turn ramps come close to each other, but remain separate; no roadway surface is shared by opposing traffic.
    • An example on an undivided highway is on the Sanibel Causeway, connecting Sanibel Island with the mainland in South Fort Myers, Florida, United States.[16][17] Traffic traveling toward the mainland can exit onto a U-turn underpass, then return on the causeway to Sanibel Island.
  • A cul-de-sac allows a smooth turnaround at the end of a dead end street.

Junction types which permit U-turns

The following junction types typically permit U-turns but are not designed specifically for that purpose.

  • Normal at-grade intersections on divided highways often allow traffic traveling on the divided highway to perform a U-turn, often when there is a green light for traffic turning onto the side road, crossing the opposing lanes (left turns in countries where traffic drives on the right; right turns in countries where traffic drives on the left).
  • Traffic at at-grade intersections with jughandles can usually use the jughandle ramps and side roads to turn back onto the original road in the opposite direction.
  • Traffic circles and roundabouts make turning around rather easy, and usually, with the right of way.
  • Many freeway interchanges with surface streets are configured so that traffic on the freeway can exit onto the surface street, and re-enter the freeway in the opposite direction.
  • The cloverleaf interchange permits turning around by navigating two consecutive "leaves" of the clover pattern.

Hybrid junctions

  • On 8 de Julio Avenue, just north of the Manuel Gómez Morín Beltway in Tlaquepaque, Mexico, just outside Guadalajara, there is a U-turn junction formed from two other types of junctions.[18][19] First, traffic wanting to turn around travels onto what the New Jersey Department of Transportation in the United States defines as a "Type B" jughandle (one used where there is no cross street, allowing a U-turn or a turn onto a side street).[20] Then, U-turning traffic crosses the road and travels along a narrow median variant of a median U-turn crossover, completing the turn. The entire junction resembles a grade-separated turnaround ramp as described above, except this one is at-grade.

Non-junctions

Overpass for a U-turn on Thane–Belapur road in Greater Mumbai

References

  1. ^ Purcell, Brian (November 29, 2012). "Texas Highways Primer". The Texas Highway Man Pages. Self-published. Retrieved June 3, 2013. 
  2. ^ Staff (August 2004). "Alternative Intersection Treatments". Signalized Intersections: Informational Guide.  
  3. ^ Staff. "Overview". Thru Turn Intersection.  
  4. ^ Staff (October 2009). "Restricted Crossing U-Turn Intersection". Alternative Intersections/Interchanges: Information Report. Federal Highway Administration. FHWA-HRT-09-059. Retrieved August 31, 2012. 
  5. ^ Staff. "U.S. Route 101 - Lincoln Beach Parkway: Lincoln County, OR" (PDF). Flexibility in Highway Design. Federal Highway Administration. Retrieved August 11, 2012. 
  6. ^  
  7. ^  
  8. ^ Microsoft; Nokia (August 11, 2012). "US 101, Lincoln Beach, Oregon (south)" (Map). Bing Maps. Microsoft. Retrieved August 11, 2012. 
  9. ^ Google (August 18, 2012). "Interstate 10, exit 1, Calcasieu Parish, Louisiana" (Map). Google Maps. Google. Retrieved August 18, 2012. 
  10. ^ Microsoft; Nokia (August 18, 2012). "Interstate 10, exit 1, Calcasieu Parish, Louisiana" (Map). Bing Maps. Microsoft. Retrieved August 18, 2012. 
  11. ^ Microsoft; Nokia (August 18, 2012). "Manuel Gómez Morín Beltway, just north of Mariano Otero Avenue, Zapopan, Jalisco, Mexico" (Map). Bing Maps. Microsoft. Retrieved August 18, 2012. 
  12. ^ Google (August 18, 2012). "Manuel Gómez Morín Beltway, just north of Mariano Otero Avenue, Zapopan, Jalisco, Mexico" (Map). Google Maps. Google. Retrieved August 18, 2012. 
  13. ^ Microsoft; Nokia (August 18, 2012). "Manuel Gómez Morín Beltway, just south of Mariano Otero Avenue, Zapopan, Jalisco, Mexico" (Map). Bing Maps. Microsoft. Retrieved August 18, 2012. 
  14. ^ Google (August 18, 2012). "Manuel Gómez Morín Beltway, just south of Mariano Otero Avenue, Zapopan, Jalisco, Mexico" (Map). Google Maps. Google. Retrieved August 18, 2012. 
  15. ^ Google (August 20, 2012). "Puchong, Malaysia (rotated & labeled Google Earth view)" (Map). Google Maps. Google. Retrieved August 20, 2012. 
  16. ^ Microsoft; Nokia (August 18, 2012). "Sanibel Causeway, Florida" (Map). Bing Maps. Microsoft. Retrieved August 18, 2012. 
  17. ^ Google (August 18, 2012). "Sanibel Causeway, Florida" (Map). Google Maps. Google. Retrieved August 18, 2012. 
  18. ^ Microsoft; Nokia (August 20, 2012). "Tlaquepaque, Mexico" (Map). Bing Maps. Microsoft. Retrieved August 20, 2012. 
  19. ^ Google (August 20, 2012). "Tlaquepaque, Mexico" (Map). Google Maps. Google. Retrieved August 20, 2012. 
  20. ^ "Roadway Design Manual".  
  21. ^ Google (August 31, 2012). "Ontario Highway 11 at S. Sparrow Lake Road/Goldstein Road, Severn, Ontario, Canada" (Map). Google Maps. Google. Retrieved August 31, 2012. 
  22. ^ Microsoft; Nokia (August 31, 2012). "Ontario Highway 11 at S. Sparrow Lake Road/Goldstein Road, Severn, Ontario, Canada" (Map). Bing Maps. Microsoft. Retrieved August 31, 2012. 

External links

  • Media related to at Wikimedia Commons
This article was sourced from Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License; additional terms may apply. World Heritage Encyclopedia content is assembled from numerous content providers, Open Access Publishing, and in compliance with The Fair Access to Science and Technology Research Act (FASTR), Wikimedia Foundation, Inc., Public Library of Science, The Encyclopedia of Life, Open Book Publishers (OBP), PubMed, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Center for Biotechnology Information, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Institutes of Health (NIH), U.S. Department of Health & Human Services, and USA.gov, which sources content from all federal, state, local, tribal, and territorial government publication portals (.gov, .mil, .edu). Funding for USA.gov and content contributors is made possible from the U.S. Congress, E-Government Act of 2002.
 
Crowd sourced content that is contributed to World Heritage Encyclopedia is peer reviewed and edited by our editorial staff to ensure quality scholarly research articles.
 
By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. World Heritage Encyclopedia™ is a registered trademark of the World Public Library Association, a non-profit organization.
 



Copyright © World Library Foundation. All rights reserved. eBooks from World eBook Library are sponsored by the World Library Foundation,
a 501c(4) Member's Support Non-Profit Organization, and is NOT affiliated with any governmental agency or department.