World Library  
Flag as Inappropriate
Email this Article

Uhuru Kenyatta

Uhuru Kenyatta
4th President of Kenya
Assumed office
9 April 2013
Deputy William Ruto
Preceded by Mwai Kibaki
Deputy Prime Minister of Kenya
In office
17 April 2008 – 9 April 2013
Serving with Musalia Mudavadi
President Mwai Kibaki
Prime Minister Raila Odinga
Minister of Finance
In office
23 January 2009 – 26 January 2012
Preceded by John Michuki
Succeeded by Robinson Njeru Githae
Leader of Opposition
In office
January 2003 – December 2007
Preceded by Mwai Kibaki
Member of Parliament
for Gatundu South
In office
January 2003 – January 2013
Preceded by Moses Mwihia
Succeeded by Jossy Ngugi
Personal details
Born (1961-10-26) 26 October 1961
Nairobi, Kenya Colony
Nationality Kenyan
Political party TNA (2012–present)
KANU (before 2012)
Spouse(s) Margaret Gakuo (m. 1991)
Relations Jomo Kenyatta (father)
Alma mater Amherst College[1] [2] [3] [4] [5] [6] [7]
Religion Catholicism[8]

Uhuru Muigai Kenyatta (); (born 26 October 1961) is the 4th and current President of Kenya, in office since 2013.[9] He is the son of Jomo Kenyatta, Kenya's first president, and his fourth wife Ngina Kenyatta.[10] He is an alumnus of Amherst College[11] [12] [13] [14] [15] [16] [17]

Uhuru attempted to join elective politics in 1997, vying for the Gatundu South Constituency seat, but he was unsuccessful.[18]
In 2001, he was nominated as a Member of Parliament, and he joined the Cabinet as Minister for Local Government.[19] He would also later be elected First Vice Chairman of KANU.[19]

In 2002, Moi endorsed Uhuru Kenyatta as KANU's presidential candidate. Uhuru finished second to Mwai Kibaki, with 31% of the vote.[20][21] He conceded defeat and took up an active leadership role as Leader of the Opposition.[18]

In the run up to the 2007 general election, he led KANU to join a coalition (called Party of National Unity “PNU”) with President Mwai Kibaki who was running for a second term against Raila Odinga.[22] PNU won the controversial 2007 elections but the dispute over the poll resulted in the 2007-08 Kenyan crisis.[23][24] Under an agreement between the two parties to end the chaos, Raila was made Prime Minister and Uhuru Kenyatta became the Deputy Prime Minister and Minister For Finance.[19][25]

ICC Prosecutor Luis Moreno Ocampo charged Uhuru, who was a PNU leader, as an indirect co-perpetrator in the violence that followed the 2007-08 Kenyan crisis, and the charges were confirmed on 23 January 2012.[26] The Prosecutor also charged William Ruto who had been a supporter of ODM in the 2007 election.[27] Uhuru resigned as Minister of Finance upon the confirmation of the charges but maintained his innocence.[28] The charges were dropped on 13 March 2015 for lack of evidence.[29]

Uhuru Kenyatta was elected president of Kenya under The National Alliance (TNA), which was part of the Jubilee Alliance with his running mate William Ruto's United Republican Party (URP).[30] Uhuru and Ruto won 50.07% of votes cast, with closest rivals, Raila Odinga and running mate Kalonzo Musyoka of the Coalition for Reforms and Democracy garnering 42%.[31] Raila disputed the election results at the Supreme Court which however held (7 – 0) that the elections were free and fair.[9] Uhuru Kenyatta was therefore sworn in as President on 9 April 2013.[32]

Uhuru Kenyatta is married to Margaret Gakuo Kenyatta. They have three children, Jomo, Jaba and Ngina.


  • Early life 1
  • Political life 2
  • Controversies 3
    • Budgetary discrepancies 3.1
    • ICC charges related to 2007–08 post-election violence 3.2
  • The National Alliance Party (TNA) 4
    • By-elections (17 September 2012) 4.1
  • 2013 presidential elections 5
    • Results dispute 5.1
    • Supreme Court ruling 5.2
    • Presidential swearing-in 5.3
  • Presidency 6
    • Major Development Projects 6.1
    • Economic Growth 6.2
    • Insecurity 6.3
    • Other challenges 6.4
      • Public Wage Bill 6.4.1
    • Foreign Relations 6.5
    • Approval ratings 6.6
  • References 7
  • External links 8

Early life

Uhuru with his father and the West German President Heinrich Lübke.

Kenyatta is the son of Jomo Kenyatta, Kenya's founding father and first president (1964–1978). His family hails from the Kikuyu, a Bantu ethnic group. His given name "Uhuru" is from a Swahili term for "freedom", and was given to him in anticipation of Kenya's upcoming independence. Uhuru attended St Mary's School in Nairobi. Between 1979 and 1980, he also briefly worked as a teller at the Kenya Commercial Bank.[33]

After St. Mary's, Uhuru went on to study economics, political science and government at the Amherst College in the United States.[34] Upon his graduation, Uhuru returned to Kenya, and started a company Wilham Kenya Limited, through which he sourced and exported agricultural produce.[35]

Nominated to Parliament in 2001, he became Minister for Local Government under President Daniel Arap Moi and, despite his political inexperience, was favoured by President Moi as his successor; Kenyatta ran as KANU's candidate in the December 2002 presidential election, but lost to opposition candidate Mwai Kibaki by a big margin. He subsequently became Leader of the Opposition in Parliament. He backed Kibaki for re-election in the December 2007 presidential election and was named Minister of Local Government by Kibaki in January 2008, before becoming Deputy Prime Minister and Minister of Trade in April 2008 as part of a coalition government.

Subsequently Kenyatta was Minister of Finance from 2009 to 2012, while remaining Deputy Prime Minister. Accused by the International Criminal Court (ICC) of committing crimes against humanity in relation to the violent aftermath of the 2007 election, he resigned as Minister of Finance on 26 January 2012. He was elected as President of Kenya in the March 2013 presidential election, defeating Raila Odinga with a narrow majority in a single round of voting.

Political life

His initial entry into politics came through his election as the chairman of his hometown branch of the ruling party, KANU, in 1997. This came with the tacit approval of President Moi. At the time, many saw the election as a calculated move to prepare Uhuru for bigger things.

In the Kenyan general election, 1997, Uhuru Kenyatta contested the Gatundu South Constituency parliamentary seat, once held by his father, losing to Moses Mwihia, a Nairobi architect.

In 1999 Moi appointed Uhuru to chair the Kenya Tourism Board. He was nominated to parliament in 2001, and subsequently appointed to the cabinet as Minister for Local Government. Following this, he was elected as one of the four national vice-chairmen of KANU in the same year.

In January 2005, Uhuru Kenyatta defeated Nicholas Biwott for chairmanship of KANU, taking 2,980 votes among party delegates against Biwott's 622.[36]

Uhuru led his party KANU in Campaigns against the draft constitution in 2005, having teamed up with the Liberal Democratic Party to form the Orange Democratic Movement. The result of this was a vote against the adoption the draft constitution by a noticeable margin.

In November 2006, Kenyatta was displaced as KANU leader by Biwott.[37][38] On 28 December 2006, the High Court of Kenya reinstated Uhuru Kenyatta as KANU chairman. However, further court proceedings followed.[39] On 28 June 2007, the High Court confirmed Kenyatta as party leader, ruling that there was insufficient evidence for Biwott's argument that Kenyatta had joined another party.[40]

On 13 September 2007, Kenyatta withdrew from the December 2007 presidential election in favour of Kibaki for re-election.[41] He said that he did not want to run unless he could be sure of winning.[42]

Following the election, amidst the controversy that resulted when Kibaki was declared the victor despite claims of fraud from challenger Raila Odinga and his Orange Democratic Movement, Kibaki appointed Kenyatta as Minister for Local Government on 8 January 2008.[43] After Kibaki and Odinga reached a power-sharing agreement, Kenyatta was named Deputy Prime Minister and Minister of Trade on 13 April 2008, as part of the Grand Coalition Cabinet. He was the Deputy Prime Minister representing the PNU, while another Deputy Prime Minister, Musalia Mudavadi, represented the ODM.[44][45][46]

Kenyatta and the rest of the Cabinet were sworn in on 17 April.[47][48] Uhuru Kenyatta was later moved from Local Government and appointed Minister for Finance on 23 January 2009.[49] During his tenure, he spearheaded a number of reform measures that changed how treasury and government by extension transact business, such as the Integrated Financial Management Information System (IFMIS) and a fund for the inclusion of the informal sector in the mainstream economy.

Uhuru ran for president in the elections held on 4 March 2013 and garnered 6,173,433 votes (50.03%) out of the 12,338,667 votes cast. As this was above the 50% plus 1 vote threshold, he won the election in the first round thus evading a run-off between the top two candidates.[50] He was therefore declared the fourth President of the Republic of Kenya by the Independent Electoral and Boundaries Commission (IEBC).

According to the IEBC,Raila Odinga garnered 5,340,546 votes (43.4%) and was thus the second in the field of eight candidates. CORD, under the leadership of presidential candidate Raila Odinga, lodged a petition with the Supreme Court of Kenya on 10 March 2013.[51] On 30 March 2013, Dr Willy Mutunga, the Chief Justice of Kenya, made a ruling declaring the election of Uhuru Kenyatta and his running-mate, William Ruto, as free and fair,[52]


Budgetary discrepancies

Though noted as one of the few ministers without any scandals,[53] on 29 April 2009, Uhuru faced a scare after he presented a supplemental budget that was approved by parliament. The supplemental budget was to cover the budget gap that had arisen due to slow economic growth. The government required an additional Kshs 38 billion, but compromised on a figure of Kshs 22 billion and non-essential proposed expenditure was postponed as a result. After voting on the bill brought forward by Kenyatta, Gitobu Imanyara brought up discrepancy questions as to what exactly had been approved by the house. It appeared that parliament had voted on Kshs 31 billion as opposed to Kshs 22 billion that they thought they were voting on – the difference totalling Kshs 9.2 billion. The Deputy Prime Minister initially defended the budget that had been passed but later admitted that there were computer or typographical errors in budget bill. An investigation by the CID and a parliamentary committee was ordered by the Speaker, to question him on the discrepancies.[54] He was later cleared of any wrongdoing by the Joint Finance and Budgetary Committee on the issue.[55]

ICC charges related to 2007–08 post-election violence

On 15 December 2010, Kenyatta was named as a suspect of crimes against humanity by the Mungiki, in the post-election violence. Overall, the post-election violence of 2007 is said to have claimed about 1300 lives. Uhuru maintains his innocence and wants his name cleared. On 8 March 2011, he was indicted after being summoned to appear before the ICC pre-trial chamber. He was to appear at The Hague on 8 April 2011 alongside 5 other suspects.[57] On 29 September 2011, while seeking to exonerate himself, Uhuru Kenyatta put up a spirited fight as he was being cross-examined by ICC Chief prosecutor Luis Moreno Ocampo in the Hague, denying any links with the outlawed Mungiki sect. He said Kenya's Prime Minister Raila Odinga should take political responsibility for the acts of violence and killings that followed the 2007 presidential elections in Kenya. He told the three judges that "by telling his supporters election results were being rigged, fanned tensions and then failed to use his influence to quell the violence that followed the announcement of the 2007 presidential results."

Though Uhuru had previously dismissed ICC summons,[58] he changed his decision along the way. Together with his two other co-accused suspects, Head of Civil Servant, Ambassador Francis Muthaura and former Police Commissioner Hussein Ali, the trio honoured the ICC Summons that sought to determine whether their cases met the set standards for international trials.[59] On 23 January 2012, the ICC confirmed the cases against Kenyatta and Muthaura although the charges against Muthaura were recently dropped.[53] Serious concerns about the case have been raised, particularly the nature of the evidence being used against Kenyatta. There are also serious concerns about witness tampering and indeed, a number of witnesses have disappeared or died,[60] which is the reason cited by the ICC for dropping charges against Mathaura.[61] On 12 October 2013 he made a speech to the African Union in which he accused the ICC of being a toy of declining imperial powers [62]

On 31 October 2013, the ICC postponed Kenyatta's trial for crimes against humanity by three months until 5 February 2014 after the defense had requested more time.[63]

On 8 October 2014, Kenyatta appeared before the ICC in The Hague. He was the first serving head of state to come before the ICC. He was called to appear at the ICC "status conference" when the prosecution said evidence needed to go ahead with a trial was being withheld. In a speech to the Kenyan parliament Kenyatta said that he was going to The Hague in a personal capacity - not as president of the country - so as not to compromise the sovereignty of Kenyans. Kenyatta did not speak in court, but denied the charges in comments to journalists as he left the court to catch a flight back home. "We as Kenyans, we know where we came from, we know where we are going, and nobody will tell us what to do," he said. The judges adjourned the hearings and were expected to make a decision about the trial's future before the end of the year.[64][65]

On 5 December 2014, prosecutors at the ICC withdrew the charges. The prosecutor's office said that the Kenyan government had refused to hand over evidence vital to the case. Kenyatta said that he felt "vindicated". Kenyatta said on Twitter that he was "excited" by the prosecutor's decision. "My conscience is absolutely clear," he said, adding in another message that his case had been "rushed there without proper investigation".[66]

Prosecutors had been seeking additional time to collect evidence against the Kenyan leader and accused his government of bribing and intimidating witnesses. This charge was echoed in a statement issued by the ICC prosecutor: "The Kenyan Government's noncompliance has not only compromised the prosecution's ability to thoroughly investigate the charges but has ultimately impinged upon the chamber's ability to fulfill its mandate."

The National Alliance Party (TNA)

On 20 May 2012, Uhuru Kenyatta attended the elaborately assembled and much-publicised launch of The National Alliance party in a modern high-tech dome at the Kenyatta International Conference Centre. His presence at the TNA launch was a strong indication that he would contest for the party's presidential nomination ticket in his quest for Kenya's Presidency in the 2013 General Elections.

Kenya's Justice and Constitutional Affairs Minister Eugene Wamalwa and Eldoret North Constituency MP William Ruto led more than 70 MPs in attending the function. Speaker of the East African Legislative Assembly, Mr. Abdi Ramadhan, Cabinet Ministers Mohamed Yusuf Haji, Jamleck Irungu Kamau, Dr. Naomi Shaaban, Samuel Poghisio, Professor Sam Ongeri and Dr. Mohammed Kuti and MPs Charles Cheruiyot Keter, Aden Bare Duale and Mohamed Maalim Mohamud also attended the event.

Speeches at the launch revolved around the need for a thriving economy, the need for the rights of people of all classes in society to be championed, the need for peaceful co-existence, the need for visionary and committed leadership, the need for transformative leadership, the need for a youthful crop of committed professionals in leadership, the need for free and fair nomination and election processes in the General Election, the need for an economically empowered youth and a call to bring an end to divisive and sectarian interests in politics to safeguard Kenya from sliding to dictatorship.[67] Machel Waikenda was the director of communications and secretary of arts and entertainment of the The National Alliance, from April 2012 to August 2013 and he led the media and communications department of the party during the 2013 elections.[68]

By-elections (17 September 2012)

On 17 September 2012, The National Alliance (Kenya) party had its first real test when it contested various civic and parliamentary positions in a by-election that covered 17 seats in total; 3 parliamentary and 14 civic. Overall, 133,054 votes were cast in the by-elections and TNA led the pack after it garnered 38.89% or 51,878 votes, followed by Orange Democratic Movement with 33.7% or 44,837 votes, Party of National Unity (Kenya) with 4.46% or 5,929 votes, Wiper Democratic Movement with 4.44% or 5,912 votes and United Democratic Forum (Kenya) with 4.15% or 5,520 votes.

TNA won civic and parliamentary seats in 7 different counties while its closest challengers, ODM won seats in 4 counties.[69] The National Alliance Party remained a strong contender for the following year's general elections, having received major defections from other big political parties of Kenya. The successful election of TNA's main candidates (Uhuru Kenyatta and William Ruto) continue to enhance TNA's viability.

In January 2015, however,TNA merged with URP to form The Jubilee Alliance Party JAP.

2013 presidential elections

Uhuru Kenyatta

Uhuru Kenyatta's party, The National Alliance (Kenya) (TNA) joined William Ruto's United Republican Party (URP), Najib Balala's Republican Congress Party (RCP) and Charity Ngilu's National Rainbow Coalition party to form the Jubilee Alliance coalition. Various opinion polls prior to the election placed Uhuru as one of the main contenders, and his Jubilee Alliance as among the most popular. The other formidable coalition was the Coalition For Reform and Democracy (CORD), led by Raila Odinga.

However, Uhuru Kenyatta was officially declared the president elect on Saturday 9 March at 2:44pm.[70][71][72][73]

As per the IEBC's official results, Uhuru got 6,173,433 of the 12,221,053 valid votes cast ahead of the second placed Raila Odinga who garnered 5,340,546 (43.7%). Uhuru's result was 50.51% of the vote and was above the 50% plus 1 vote threshold set out in the 2010 constitution, thus making him the president-elect.[74]

Uhuru Kenyatta waving to Kenyans after being announced the winner of the 2013 Kenyan Presidential Election

Results dispute

There was some discontent with the official results, as would be expected in such a hotly contested election especially in Raila Odinga's strongholds. The inordinate delay in releasing the results and the technical failure of some safeguards and election equipment deployed by the IEBC did not help the perception that the election had been less than free and fair.[75]

Further, an exit poll conducted by UCSD Professor Clark Gibson and James Long, Asst. Prof. and University of Washington suggested that neither Odinga nor Kenyatta had attained the 50% plus one vote threshold.[76] Analysts have contended that even though elections for five other levels were held in Kenya at the same time, their national turnout levels and total vote tallies were about 16% less than the presidential total; e.g. while 10.6 million voters elected candidates for member of the national assembly, the senate and the 47 gubernatorial seats, almost 2 million more voted in the presidential election. This has fueled concern and speculations of vote manipulation in President Kenyatta's favour.

Two groups disputed these results and filed petitions challenging various aspects of it at the Supreme Court of Kenya to contest the result. The groups were the Coalition For Reform and Democracy, CORD, led by Raila Odinga, and the Africa Centre for Open Governance (AFRICOG). Uhuru Kenyatta and his running mate were respondents in these cases and was represented by renown Lawyers Fred Ngatia and Katwa Kigen respectively.

Supreme Court ruling

The Supreme court judges unanimously upheld the election of Uhuru Kenyatta as Kenya’s fourth president after rejecting Raila Odinga's petition in a verdict delivered Saturday 30 March 2013. Chief Justice Willy Mutunga in his ruling said the elections were indeed conducted in compliance with the Constitution and the law.[77]

U.S. President Barack Obama and First Lady Michelle Obama greet His Excellency Uhuru Kenyatta, President of the Republic of Kenya, in the Blue Room during a U.S.-Africa Leaders Summit dinner at the White House, Aug. 5, 2014.

Presidential swearing-in

After the supreme court dismissed the petitions the swearing in ceremony was held on 9 April 2013 at the Moi International Sports Centre, Kasarani, Nairobi, in accordance to Article 141 (2) (b) of the constitution which stipulates that in case the Supreme Court upholds the victory of the president-elect, the swearing in will take place on "the first Tuesday following the seventh day following the date on which the court renders a decision declaring the election to be valid".[78]

U.S. Secretary of State John Kerry meets with President Uhuru Kenyatta of Kenya, President Yoweri Museveni of Uganda, President Ismail Omar Guelleh of Djibouti, and Prime Minister Hailemariam Desalegn of Ethiopia to discuss the situation in South Sudan at the U.S. Department of State in Washington, D.C., on August 5, 2014


Presidential Standard of Uhuru Kenyatta

During his inaugural speech, Uhuru promised economic transformation through Vision 2030, unity among all Kenyans, free maternal care and that he will serve all Kenyans. He also promised to improve the standards of education in Kenya. During the Madaraka day Celebrations, a National holiday celebrated to mark Kenyan gain of independence on 1 June, President Uhuru Kenyatta announced free maternal care in all public health facilities, a move that was welcomed by many Kenyans.[79][80][81]

During his first two years in office, Uhuru has run a robust development agenda: signing several major development agreements with China, United States, Italy, Rwanda and Uganda, and flagging off major infrastructural projects including a standard gauge railway and the largest Geothermal plant in the world. [82][83] His economic policies have been lauded by the IMF and the World Bank and he has sustained a GDP growth rate of 5.4%. Kenya was further declared a middle income country.[84] He has promoted intra – African Trade and Pan Africanism and was elected Chairman of the AU’s African Peer Review Mechanism on 13 June 2015.[85] Uhuru launched a war on corruption, suspending five of his Cabinet Secretaries for graft allegations.[86] He has also spearheaded peace initiatives in the Democratic Republic of Congo, Burundi, South Sudan and maintained a force in Somalia.[87] He has however faced criticism for his handling of security matters with Kenya having faced several terrorist attacks during the early party of his term.[88][89] His foreign policy was also dominated with the ICC question but he fully co-operated with the court becoming the first president to appear before the court. However, his government has been accused of failing to co-operate with the Prosecutor leading to the collapse of the case against him. His decision to step down for three days so as not to have the President of Kenya appear the ICC saw his approval rating rise to 71%.[90] He has remained popular and his approval ratings have averaged above 65% since then.[91]

Major Development Projects

President Kenyatta has launched several major development projects in Kenya including the world's largest Geothermal power plant[92] at Olkaria. The plant is expected to bring down power costs in Kenya by 30%. The President, together with other East Africaleaders, also launched the Standard GaugeRailway running from Mombasa to Uganda, South Sudan and Rwanda.[93] President Kenyatta made a key campaign promise to provide all children joining Primary school with laptops.[94] However, the project has stalled after the High Court of Kenya nullified the tender for supply of the laptops due to irregularities in the tendering process.[95]

Economic Growth

A re-evaluation of the Economy of Kenya was conducted during President Kenyatta's administration and found the economy to be 25% larger than was previously thought.[96] Kenya is therefore now a lower middle income country with a GDP of USD 55.2 billion and has the ninth largest economy in Africa.[97] Under President Kenyatta, the economy has grown at the rate of 5.7% per annum and is expected to retain this rate of growth. The World Bank has stated that the economy is resilient and sentiments positive following a successful Eurobond issue in June 2014 which raised $2 billion. On 22 September 2014, the Kenyatta Administration concluded its Article IV consultation with the IMF, and the overall assessment on debt sustainability and other indicators was found to be positive [98] and IMF lauded Kenyatta's economic polices.[99] Poverty levels in the country have dropped but are still considerably high with 42% living below the poverty line.[100]


President Kenyatta's performance on security matters is considered poor.[101] The Westgate attack in September 2013, the killing of security officers in Baringo and the Mpeketoni attack occurred during his reign, in addition to several minor grenade attacks. Crime levels levels remain high in the country. President Kenyatta has decided to continue Operation Linda Nchi, a military operation in neighbouring Somalia to flush out the Al-Shabaab (militant group). The group has in return launched several terror attacks in Kenya. The operation was started by the previous administration of President Mwai Kibaki and Prime Minister Raila Odinga. The former premier, now opposition leader, has criticized the continued operation as unnecessary.[102]

Other challenges

His major challenge has been high cost of living, rising public debt, and a high public wage bill.[103]

Public Wage Bill

The high public wage cost has been a headache to Uhuru’s administration. [104] At the start of his term, the President decried the high wage bill which was at 12% of GDP (as against a recommended 7%). [105] In 2015, the President stated that the wage bill was at 50% of the total annual revenue collection of government. [106] In an attempt to curtail it, the President announced a pay cut for himself and his Cabinet in March 2014, reducing his salary by 20%. [107] It was hoped that the high earners in government would follow suit but this did not materialize. [108] Another measure was the newly created constitutional Salaries and Remuneration Commission which it was hoped would regularize salaries but it has faced an up hill battle againstMembers of Parliament, who wish to protect their earnings and labour unions. [109] [110] The President thereafter ordered an audit of the government payroll so as to flush out ghost workers. [111] The audit identified 12,000 ghost workers. [112] In the meantime, lower cadre government workers have demanded pay rises, more so by teachers and health workers, who have gone on strikes at various times to demand the increase. [113] [114] The strikes in the health sector mainly affect the counties, Kenya’s other level of government, as it is managed by the devolved units. [115]

Foreign Relations

The President's foreign relations have been dominated by the ICC question.[116] His relations with the West were expected to be cold more so after the West warned Kenyans not to elect him as president.[117] The United Kingdom promised to have only essential contacts with him if he was elected.[118] However, his relationship with the West has thawed significantly and he has participated in the US - Africa summit[119] as well as a Somalia summit in the United Kingdom.[120] The ICC has however accused his government of frustrating their investigation efforts into his case.[121] The ICC has however absolved the President of any involvement in the frustration.[122]

His activities have however been more robust at the Africa level where he has pushed more intra-Africa trade and economic independence of African nations.[123] In November 2014, he launched consultations to reform the Security Council to expand the voice of Africa in the Council.[124] He has successfully rallied the AU against the ICC culminating in an Extraordinary Summit of the African Heads of State which resolved that sitting African Heads of State should not appear before the ICC.[125] The AU further asked the Security Council to suspend his trial at the ICC; for the first time ever, the Security Council resolution was defeated by abstention with 9 members of the Council abstaining rather than voting against so as not to offend Kenyatta.[126] The Assembly of State Parties of the ICC would two days later amend the ICC statute to allow for one to appear by video link, a proposal President Kenyatta had made when he was Deputy Prime Minister.[127]

President Kenyatta has led and negotiated peace agreements in the South Sudan[128] and in the Democratic Republic of Congo.[129] At the East African level, he has developed a close relationship with the Ugandan President Yoweri Museveni and Rwanda President Paul Kagame, creating the Coalition of the Willing, a caucus within the EAC[130] that has signed on to more joint development and economic agreements than the other EAC partners, including a joint tourist visa.

He attended the funeral of Nelson Mandela and was received warmly by the crowds.[131] He also attended the funeral of President Michael Sata of Zambia in November 2014. However, it had been perceived that his administration's relations with Botswana were strained due to Botswana's support of the ICC process. He has since visited Botswana to remove this perception and Botswana voted in favour of the AU's ICC Resolution.[132]

As expected, he has remained close to China which is funding most of his infrastructural projects.[133]

President of Kenya Uhuru Kenyatta with the British Foreign Secretary William Hague at an international conference in London (May 2013)

Approval ratings

His government's first year in office received low ratings from the general public. This is after a poll by Synovate indicated that more than half of the population were unhappy with how the government had conducted its affairs. The same polls also ranked the presidency as the second most trusted institution after the media. After his appearance at The Hague for his ICC case in October 2014, his poll ratings improved to 71%, according to a poll by Synovate.[134][135] A poll by Gallup in August 2014 put his approval ratings at 78%, giving him the third best job approval ratings among African Presidents after Ian Khama of Botswana and Ibrahim Boubacar Keïta of Mali.[136]


  1. ^
  2. ^
  3. ^
  4. ^
  5. ^
  6. ^
  7. ^
  8. ^
  9. ^ a b
  10. ^
  11. ^
  12. ^
  13. ^
  14. ^
  15. ^
  16. ^
  17. ^
  18. ^ a b
  19. ^ a b c
  20. ^
  21. ^ Africa Notes Number 14, Jan 2003 found at
  22. ^
  23. ^
  24. ^
  25. ^
  26. ^
  27. ^
  28. ^
  29. ^
  30. ^
  31. ^
  32. ^
  33. ^ Uhuru Kenyatta – Working at KCB, Kipande House on Vimeo. (27 October 2011).
  34. ^
  35. ^ Uhuru Kenyatta Company – Wilham Kenya Ltd on Vimeo. (27 October 2011).
  36. ^ "Kenyatta wins Moi party election". BBC News. 1 February 2005. Retrieved 10 May 2013. 
  37. ^ Coup' in old Kenyan ruling party"'Africa " . BBC News. 29 November 2006. Retrieved 20 December 2010. 
  38. ^ Africa "Police tear-gas Kenyatta protest" . BBC News. 5 December 2006. Retrieved 20 December 2010. 
  39. ^ [2]
  40. ^ "Kenyan opposition leader's position upheld", Associated Press (IOL), 29 June 2007.
  41. ^ Carol Gakii, "Uhuru pulls out of the presidential race", Kenya Broadcasting Corporation, 13 September 2007.
  42. ^ "Ex-rival backs Kibaki re-election". BBC News. 14 September 2007. Retrieved 10 May 2013. 
  43. ^ "Kenya: Kibaki Names Cabinet". The East African Standard ( 8 January 2008. Retrieved 10 May 2013. 
  44. ^ "Kenya unveils 40-seat cabinet". Al Jazeera. 13 April 2008. 
  45. ^ "Kenya unveils coalition cabinet". BBC News. 13 April 2008. Retrieved 10 May 2013. 
  46. ^ Anthony Kariuki (13 April 2008). "Kibaki names Raila PM in new Cabinet". 
  47. ^ Eric Ombok (17 April 2008). "Kenya's Raila Odinga Sworn in as Prime Minister, Ending Crisis".,. Retrieved 10 May 2013. 
  48. ^ "Odinga sworn in as Kenya PM", Al Jazeera, 17 April 2008.
  49. ^ "Kibaki recalls tainted minister", Sapa-AFP (IOL), 23 January 2009.
  50. ^ " Tally of Presidential results Files". IEBC. 9 March 2013. 
  51. ^ "Timeline of election petitions". The Judiciary of Kenya. Retrieved 10 May 2013. 
  52. ^ "Supreme Court upholds Uhuru's election as President". Saturday Nation. 30 March 2013. Retrieved 10 May 2013. 
  53. ^ a b "Uhuru Kenyatta Named Richest Kenyan, Raises Controversy over Wealth Acquisition". Investment News Kenya. Retrieved 21 November 2011. 
  54. ^ Peter Leftie; Alphonce Shiundu (6 May 2009). "Speaker orders probe into 'missing' Sh9 billion". Daily Nation. Retrieved 10 May 2013. 
  55. ^ "MPs clear Kenya minister over budget scandal". 29 July 2011. Retrieved 2 August 2011. 
  56. ^ "The six men accused of inciting Kenya's post-election violence". The Christian Science Monitor. 15 December 2010. 
  57. ^ Bernard Namunane (8 March 2011). "Ocampo Six ordered to appear at Hague". Daily Nation. Retrieved 10 May 2013. 
  58. ^ Alex Ndegwa; Cyrus Ombati (13 August 2011). Ocampo three' defy summons"'". The Standard Newspaper. Retrieved 10 May 2013. 
  59. ^ Jillo Kadida; Jacob Ng'etich (9 March 2013). "Five ICC Suspects Accept Hague Summons". Daily Nation (,). Retrieved 10 May 2013. 
  60. ^ "'"Claims of witnesses in Kenya ICC trial 'disappearing. BBC. 8 February 2013. Retrieved 8 February 2013. 
  61. ^  
  62. ^ "Uhuru: ICC is a toy of declining imperial powers". 
  63. ^ "ICC postpones Kenyan president's trial to February". CNN. Retrieved 31 October 2013. 
  64. ^ "Kenyatta appears at ICC in Hague for landmark hearing". BBC. Retrieved 25 October 2014. 
  65. ^ "Prosecutors 'failed' to prove case against Kenya's president: attorney". Reuters. 8 October 2014. Retrieved 25 October 2014. 
  66. ^ "ICC drops Uhuru Kenyatta charges for Kenya ethnic violence". BBC. Retrieved 5 December 2014. 
  67. ^ Standard Digital News – Kenya : Pomp and grandeur at TNA party launch. (21 May 2012).
  68. ^ "Youthful TNA team to reap from Uhuru’s win". JUDIE KABERIA. Capital News. Retrieved 19 October 2013. 
  69. ^ Independent Electoral and Boundaries Commission.
  70. ^ Jason Patinkin (8 March 2013). "Uhuru Kenyatta wins Kenyan election by slimmest margin". The Guardian (London). Retrieved 10 May 2013. 
  71. ^ Rodney Muhumza (10 March 2013). "Uhuru Kenyatta wins Kenya's presidential election". msn news. Retrieved 10 May 2013. 
  72. ^ Duncan Miriri; George Obulutsa (9 March 2011). "Kenyatta declared winner of Kenya's presidential vote". Reuters. Retrieved 10 May 2013. 
  73. ^ "Uhuru Kenyatta wins Kenya presidential election". The Star. 9 March 2013. Retrieved 10 May 2013. 
  74. ^ "Summary of 2013 Presidential Results Declared on 9/3/2013". IEBC. 3 April 2013. 
  75. ^ Editorial (13 April 2013). "IEBC must learn from election failures or perish". Standard Media Group. Retrieved 10 May 2013. 
  76. ^ Kevin J. Kelley (4 May 2013). "Exit poll finds neither Kenyatta nor Odinga were close to 50 per cent". Daily Nation. Retrieved 10 May 2013. 
  77. ^ "Uhuru it is!". Standard Digital. 30 March 2013. Retrieved 10 May 2013. 
  78. ^ "Inauguration ceremony on 9 April at the Kasarani Stadium". 30 March 2013. Retrieved 10 May 2013. 
  79. ^ John Kamau (9 April 2013). "Uhuru Kenyatta puts economy and unity top of his government agenda". Business Daily. Retrieved 10 May 2013. 
  80. ^ Oliver Mathenge (10 April 2013). "I Will Serve All Kenyans, Says Uhuru". The Star. Retrieved 12 May 2013. 
  81. ^ Eric Shimoli (9 April 2013). "Uhuru pledges to unite country as he takes over reins of power". Daily Nation. Retrieved 12 May 2013. 
  82. ^
  83. ^
  84. ^
  85. ^
  86. ^
  87. ^
  88. ^
  89. ^
  90. ^
  91. ^
  92. ^ Wahito, Margaret (17 October 2014). "Kenya opens world’s largest geothermal plant". Capital FM. Retrieved 19 November 2014. 
  93. ^ Omondi, George (28 November 2013). "Construction of high-speed rail line is launched". Business Daily. Retrieved 19 November 2014. 
  94. ^ Apollo, Joan (10 April 2013). "Uhuru Kenyatta promises free laptops for all Kenyan schoolchildren". Retrieved 19 November 2014. 
  95. ^ Wasuna, Brian (24 September 2014). "High Court cancels Sh25 billion laptop tender award". Business Daily. Retrieved 19 November 2014. 
  96. ^ Baraganza, Jason. "Kenya joins middle income club". 
  97. ^ "Kenya Overview". World Bank. Retrieved 19 November 2014. 
  98. ^ "IMF and Kenya". IMF. Retrieved 19 November 2014. 
  99. ^ . IMF Retrieved 2 October 2014. 
  100. ^ "Poverty Levels in Kenya dropping". 18 June 2013. Retrieved 19 November 2014. 
  101. ^ "Performance of President Kenyatta’s security chiefs comes to question yet again". NTV Kenya. Retrieved 19 November 2014. 
  102. ^ . Daily Nation. 16 July 2014 Retrieved 19 November 2014. 
  103. ^ "Uhuru should tap into the services of the information and communications technology". (23 April 2013).
  104. ^
  105. ^
  106. ^
  107. ^
  108. ^
  109. ^
  110. ^
  111. ^
  112. ^
  113. ^
  114. ^
  115. ^
  116. ^ . African Development Bank Retrieved 19 November 2014. 
  117. ^ . Daily Nation. 7 February 2014 Retrieved 19 November 2014. 
  118. ^ Smith, David (9 April 2013). "Uhuru Kenyatta inauguration and the inconvenient ICC truth". The Guardian. Retrieved 19 November 2014. 
  119. ^ Olick, Felix. "Obama ‘invites’ President Uhuru Kenyatta for meeting in US". East African Standard. Retrieved 19 November 2014. 
  120. ^ Adama, Joe (11 May 2013). Retrieved 19 November 2014. 
  121. ^ "Uhuru Kenyatta's ICC case deadlocked - prosecutor". Daily Nation. 7 October 2014. Retrieved 19 November 2014. 
  122. ^ "Uhuru Kenyatta's day at the ICC: Read lawyers arguments so far". 8 October 2014. Retrieved 19 November 2014. 
  123. ^ "Uhuru: We’ll robustly pursue intra-African trade". Capital FM. 15 July 2013. Retrieved 19 November 2014. 
  124. ^ "UN Security Council undemocratic, must include Africa’s voice: Uhuru Kenyatta". Daily Nation. 17 November 2014. Retrieved 19 November 2014. 
  125. ^ "Uhuru’s speech tipping point in Kenya-West relations". Daily Nation. 14 October 2013. Retrieved 19 November 2014. 
  126. ^ Kelley, Kevin (15 November 2013). "Uhuru Kenyatta's bid to stop ICC trials fails at the UN". Daily Nation. Retrieved 19 November 2014. 
  127. ^ Steinhauser, Gabriel (27 November 2013). "ICC Defendants Can Follow Trial Via Video Link, Court Agrees". Wall Street Journal. Retrieved 19 November 2014. 
  128. ^ "President Uhuru Kenyatta helps broker South Sudan peace deal". Retrieved 19 November 2014. 
  129. ^ "Uhuru brokers peace deal between Democratic Republic of Congo and M23 rebels". The East African Standard. 13 December 2013. Retrieved 19 November 2013. 
  130. ^
  131. ^ "Nelson Mandela's memorial service: as it happened". The Guardian. 10 December 2013. Retrieved 19 November 2014. 
  132. ^ "President Kenyatta to hold talks with Botswana leader". Daily Nation. 4 November 2013. Retrieved 19 November 2014. 
  133. ^ Raghavan (17 August 2013). "In snub to Washington, Kenyan president visits China, Russia in first official visit outside Africa". Washington Post. Retrieved 19 November 2014. 
  134. ^ "Sharp Rise in President Kenyatta’s Confidence Ratings". Ipsos in Kenya. Retrieved 19 November 2014. 
  135. ^ Ongiri, Isaac. "Uhuru Kenyatta’s confidence rating up after ICC". Daily Nation. Retrieved 19 November 2014. 
  136. ^ "Uhuru Kenyatta ranked third best President in Africa". The Star. Retrieved 19 November 2014. 

External links

  • Official website
Political offices
New office Deputy Prime Minister of Kenya
Succeeded by
Position abolished
Preceded by
Mwai Kibaki
President of Kenya
This article was sourced from Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License; additional terms may apply. World Heritage Encyclopedia content is assembled from numerous content providers, Open Access Publishing, and in compliance with The Fair Access to Science and Technology Research Act (FASTR), Wikimedia Foundation, Inc., Public Library of Science, The Encyclopedia of Life, Open Book Publishers (OBP), PubMed, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Center for Biotechnology Information, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Institutes of Health (NIH), U.S. Department of Health & Human Services, and, which sources content from all federal, state, local, tribal, and territorial government publication portals (.gov, .mil, .edu). Funding for and content contributors is made possible from the U.S. Congress, E-Government Act of 2002.
Crowd sourced content that is contributed to World Heritage Encyclopedia is peer reviewed and edited by our editorial staff to ensure quality scholarly research articles.
By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. World Heritage Encyclopedia™ is a registered trademark of the World Public Library Association, a non-profit organization.

Copyright © World Library Foundation. All rights reserved. eBooks from World eBook Library are sponsored by the World Library Foundation,
a 501c(4) Member's Support Non-Profit Organization, and is NOT affiliated with any governmental agency or department.