World Library  
Flag as Inappropriate
Email this Article

Urs Graf

Article Id: WHEBN0002163078
Reproduction Date:

Title: Urs Graf  
Author: World Heritage Encyclopedia
Language: English
Subject: Woodcut, Military art, Interlaken, Cosmographia (Sebastian Münster), Renaissance artists
Collection:
Publisher: World Heritage Encyclopedia
Publication
Date:
 

Urs Graf

Urs Graf, Naked female fiddler with an old fool from Basel (1523)

Urs Graf (born c. 1485 in Solothurn, Switzerland; possibly died before 13 October 1528)[1] was a Swiss Renaissance goldsmith, painter and printmaker (of woodcuts, etchings and engravings), as well as a mercenary soldier. He only produced two etchings, one of which dates from 1513 – the earliest known etching for which a date has been established. However, his woodcuts are considered of greater significance, particularly as he is attributed with the invention of the white-line woodcut technique, where white lines create the image on a black background. He also produced a few engravings, including copies of works by Martin Schongauer and Albrecht Dürer.[2] He produced innovative drawings intended as finished works of art rather than just studies.

Biography

Graf learned goldsmithing first from his father, Hugo Graf, then from a goldsmith in Zürich. He continued to work as a goldsmith and a few pieces survive. He initially earned money as a designer of woodcut book illustrations and by assisting a stained glass painter. In 1512, he bought citizenship in Basel and became a member of the goldsmiths' guild. He quickly came into conflict with the law for abusing his wife and consorting with prostitutes, culminating in accusations of attempted murder which caused him to flee the city in 1518. He was allowed to return to Basel the following year, where he continued working, but after 1527 his life becomes unclear. Given his frequent employment as a soldier of fortune it is possible he was present at the sack of Rome.[3] "When and where he died are unknown: his wife remarried in October 1528 but an autograph drawing is dated 1529".[4]

Like many Swiss men of his day, Graf was known to have worked as a mercenary for considerable periods. His artistic output, arising from the tradition of Albrecht Dürer and Hans Baldung, includes a wide range of subjects, depicting social, erotic, military, political and criminal images (e.g., Two Prostitutes Beating a Monk), as well as strong religious feelings which emerge in some works.[4]

References

  1. ^ Martin Rohde: Graf, Urs (der Ältere) in German, French and Italian in the online Historical Dictionary of Switzerland, 2005-12-01.
  2. ^ Arthur M. Hind. A History of Engraving and Etching. Houghton Mifflin Co., 1923 (in US), reprinted Dover Publications, 1963. ISBN 0-486-20954-7
  3. ^ P. Murray & L. Murray, 'The Penguin Dictionary of Art & Artists' (p.198 section G) Harmondsworth, 1959 (1982 revision)
  4. ^ a b Andersson
  • Christiane Andersson. "Graf, Urs." Grove Art Online. Oxford Art Online. Oxford University Press. Web. 26 Feb. 2013. [1]

External links

  • Media related to at Wikimedia Commons
This article was sourced from Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License; additional terms may apply. World Heritage Encyclopedia content is assembled from numerous content providers, Open Access Publishing, and in compliance with The Fair Access to Science and Technology Research Act (FASTR), Wikimedia Foundation, Inc., Public Library of Science, The Encyclopedia of Life, Open Book Publishers (OBP), PubMed, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Center for Biotechnology Information, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Institutes of Health (NIH), U.S. Department of Health & Human Services, and USA.gov, which sources content from all federal, state, local, tribal, and territorial government publication portals (.gov, .mil, .edu). Funding for USA.gov and content contributors is made possible from the U.S. Congress, E-Government Act of 2002.
 
Crowd sourced content that is contributed to World Heritage Encyclopedia is peer reviewed and edited by our editorial staff to ensure quality scholarly research articles.
 
By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. World Heritage Encyclopedia™ is a registered trademark of the World Public Library Association, a non-profit organization.
 



Copyright © World Library Foundation. All rights reserved. eBooks from World eBook Library are sponsored by the World Library Foundation,
a 501c(4) Member's Support Non-Profit Organization, and is NOT affiliated with any governmental agency or department.