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Vardar Offensive

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Vardar Offensive

Vardar Offensive
Date 14 September 1918 – 29 September 1918
Location Macedonia
Result Bulgarian capitulation
Belligerents
Central Powers:
 Bulgaria
 Germany
Allied Powers:
 Serbia
 France
 United Kingdom
 Greece
 Italy
Commanders and leaders
Georgi Todorov
Hristo Burmov
Stefan Nerezov
Ivan Lukov
Stefan Toshev
Friedrich von Scholtz
Kuno von Steuben
Louis Franchet d'Esperey
Petar Bojović
Živojin Mišić
George Milne
Panagiotis Danglis
Ernesto Mombelli
Strength
550,000
18,000
Total: c. 568,000, supported by 1217 artillery pieces, 2710 machine guns and 30 airplanes[1]
195,000
150,000
140,000
140,000
44,000 Total: c. 711,000 men, supported by 2609 artillery pieces, 2682 machine guns, 6434 automatic rifles and 200 airplanes[1]
Casualties and losses
90,000 men and 800 guns captured as of the 30th of September[2] 3,449
3,215
4,589
5,295
747
Total:17,295 killed, missing and wounded[3]

The Vardar Offensive that took place between 14 and 29 of September 1918 was the last major military operation on the Macedonian Front during World War I. After much preparation the multinational Allied Army of the East was able to break the deadlock that had been reigning on this theater for several years and force the capitulation of Bulgaria, thus decidedly turning the strategic and operational balance of the war against the Central Powers.[4]

Notes

  1. ^ a b Balkan Breakthrough: The Battle of Dobro Pole 1918, Richard C. Hall, 2010, p.134
  2. ^ Τόμος Δεύτερος, Η Συμμετοχή της Ελλάδος εις τον Πόλεμον 1918, Ο Ελληνικός Στρατός κατά τον Πρώτον Παγκόσμιον Πόλεμον 1914-1918, Διεύθυνσις Ιστορίας Στρατού, Αθήναι 1961, page 184
  3. ^ Τόμος Δεύτερος, Η Συμμετοχή της Ελλάδος εις τον Πόλεμον 1918, Ο Ελληνικός Στρατός κατά τον Πρώτον Παγκόσμιον Πόλεμον 1914-1918, Διεύθυνσις Ιστορίας Στρατού, Αθήναι 1961, Appendix 16, page 224
  4. ^ Doughty 2005, p. 491.

References

In English:

In Russian:

  • Kursun, N. Балканский фронт мировой войны 1914–1918 гг. militera.lib.ru. 
  • Zayonchkovsky, Andrey (2010). Первая мировая война. militera.lib.ru. 
  • Rostunov, I. (2010). История Первой мировой войны 1914—1918 гг. militera.lib.ru. 

In Bulgarian

In German:

In Greek:

  • Ο Ελληνικός Στρατός κατά τον Πρώτον Παγκόσμιον Πόλεμον 1914-1918, Τόμος Δεύτερος, Η Συμμετοχή της Ελλάδος εις τον Πόλεμον 1918. Διεύθυνσις Ιστορίας Στρατού, Αθήναι. 1961. 

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