World Library  
Flag as Inappropriate
Email this Article


Article Id: WHEBN0008383222
Reproduction Date:

Title: Velocar  
Author: World Heritage Encyclopedia
Language: English
Subject: Quadracycle, Corima, 27.5 Mountain bike, Sociable, Stairclimber
Publisher: World Heritage Encyclopedia


1945 Mochet Velocar

Velocar was the name given to velomobiles made in the 1930s and 40s by Mochet et Cie of Puteaux, France and colloquially to the company's recumbent bicycles.

Charles Mochet was the inventive maker of lightweight powered cyclecars (Le P'tit Auto) and pedal-powered cars (quadricycles), mainly two-seaters, built on a tubular-steel chassis with bicycle-sized wheels, variable gears and aerodynamic bodywork, in effect a faired-in 'sociable'. The popularity of the little cars declined in the late '30s as cheaper, powered cars became available, only to rise rapidly when petrol became almost unobtainable during WW-2, 1939-1945.

However, Charles Mochet's stroke of genius was to make what was the first performance recumbent bicycle, or vélo couché, using a design which was based on half of his four-wheeled Velocar. This machine, called by the factory the 'Velo-Velocar', or 'V-V' for short, broke many world cycling records in 1933. Although Mochet had verified with the UCI and the UVF that his recumbents were completely legal for competition, they were declared ineligible at a later hearing and permanently banned from competition by cycling's governing body, the UCI, it is thought at the behest of the makers of standard upright cycles. Mochet had perhaps also broken an unspoken rule that only 'First-Category' riders could attempt records, his rider, Francis Faure, being only a second-category rider. Competition use was carried on in a limited fashion in UVF-governed events.

Although road and track versions of the recumbents were built in small numbers between 1933-1945, as well as, in 1935, a simplified version called the 'Velorizontal', and record-breaking continued in non-UCI categories, the Recumbent impetus was lost after the war, the last Mochet model being the 1940 version of the "Vélorizontal'. Around 35 Mochet recumbents survive (2011) in museums and private collections.

Re-discovery of the Mochet concept in California in the late 1970s led to the subsequent development of recumbent cycles which took place in the U.S in the 1980s.

Charles Mochet had died suddenly in 1934 just after the UCI ban and the business was carried on by his widow and son Georges. After the war, Georges continued making mainly powered microcars in the 'Sans Permis' category from 1945 to 1957. Georges Mochet died in 2008.

See also


  • 'Mochet: Minimalisme sur roues' Hermann Bruning, Editions Cépadues, Toulouse, 2000.
  • 'Bicycle of the Future, The Cycles of the Rue Roque de Fillol.' Bob Cordon Champ, 'The Boneshaker' (Journal of the Veteran-Cycle Club) 2004.

External links

  • VELOCAR ROAD RACING IN THE 1930s by Arnfried Schmitz, Lioux, Provence, France
  • Current velomobiles in North America
This article was sourced from Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License; additional terms may apply. World Heritage Encyclopedia content is assembled from numerous content providers, Open Access Publishing, and in compliance with The Fair Access to Science and Technology Research Act (FASTR), Wikimedia Foundation, Inc., Public Library of Science, The Encyclopedia of Life, Open Book Publishers (OBP), PubMed, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Center for Biotechnology Information, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Institutes of Health (NIH), U.S. Department of Health & Human Services, and, which sources content from all federal, state, local, tribal, and territorial government publication portals (.gov, .mil, .edu). Funding for and content contributors is made possible from the U.S. Congress, E-Government Act of 2002.
Crowd sourced content that is contributed to World Heritage Encyclopedia is peer reviewed and edited by our editorial staff to ensure quality scholarly research articles.
By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. World Heritage Encyclopedia™ is a registered trademark of the World Public Library Association, a non-profit organization.

Copyright © World Library Foundation. All rights reserved. eBooks from World eBook Library are sponsored by the World Library Foundation,
a 501c(4) Member's Support Non-Profit Organization, and is NOT affiliated with any governmental agency or department.