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Vermillion Parish, Louisiana

Vermilion Parish, Louisiana
Louisiana
Template:Infobox U.S. county/map
Louisiana's location in the U.S.
Founded 1844
Named for Vermilion River and Bay
Seat Abbeville
Largest city Abbeville
Area
 • Total 1,538 sq mi (3,984 km2)
 • Land 1,174 sq mi (3,040 km2)
 • Water 365 sq mi (944 km2), 23.70%
Population
 • (2010) 57,999
 • Density 46/sq mi (18/km²)
Congressional district Template:Infobox U.S. county/district, Template:Infobox U.S. county/district, Template:Infobox U.S. county/district
Time zone Template:Infobox U.S. county/timezone
Template:Infobox U.S. county/timezone
Website

Vermilion Parish (French: Paroisse de Vermilion) is a parish located in the U.S. state of Louisiana. The parish seat is Abbeville. As of the 2010 census, the population was 57,999.[1]

Vermilion Parish is part of the Abbeville Micropolitan Statistical Area as well as the LafayetteAcadiana Combined Statistical Area.

Vermilion and neighboring Cameron parishes are represented in the Louisiana House of Representatives by the Republican Jonathan W. Perry of Kaplan.

In the past several decades, much of the southern portion of the parish has been swept away by water erosion, especially after Hurricane Katrina and Hurricane Rita in 2005. Steps must now be taken to ensure that much more of the parish does not erode later on.

History

Indigenous peoples lived in the area for thousands of years, in different cultures. By historic times, the Chitimacha and Atakapa inhabited the area and were the American Indians encountered by Spanish and French explorers and settlers. The tribes' numbers were drastically reduced as a result of exposure to European diseases to which they had no immunity.

French, Spanish, enslaved Africans, and French-Canadians from Acadia expelled after the Seven Years War won by Great Britain, had all entered the area by the end of the 18th century. As the population became mostly Cajun, the primary language was French for years. In the mid- to late 19th century, they were joined by European Americans; immigrants from Italy, recruited to work on the plantations, as well as Jewish immigrants from Germany and eastern Europe, who tended to settle in towns and become merchants.

Geography

File:Vermilion Parish, LA.ogv

The parish has a total area of 1,538 square miles (3,984 km²), of which, 1,174 square miles (3,040 km²) of it is land and 365 square miles (944 km²) of it (23.70%) is water.

Major highways

  • U.S. Highway 167
  • Louisiana Highway 13
  • Louisiana Highway 14
  • Louisiana Highway 82

Adjacent parishes

Demographics

Historical population
Census Pop.
18503,409
18604,32426.8%
18704,5284.7%
18808,72892.8%
189014,23463.1%
190020,70545.5%
191026,39027.5%
192026,4820.3%
193033,68427.2%
194037,75012.1%
195036,929−2.2%
196038,8555.2%
197043,07110.9%
198048,45812.5%
199050,0553.3%
200053,8077.5%
201057,9997.8%
Est. 201258,7231.2%
U.S. Decennial Census[2]
2012 Estimate[3]

Home to a number of [1]

There were 19,832 households out of which 37.10% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 55.50% were married couples living together, 13.00% had a female householder with no husband present, and 27.10% were non-families. 23.10% of all households were made up of individuals and 10.90% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.67 and the average family size was 3.16.

In the parish the population was spread out with 28.10% under the age of 18, 9.40% from 18 to 24, 28.20% from 25 to 44, 20.80% from 45 to 64, and 13.50% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 35 years. For every 100 females there were 93.90 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 89.80 males.

The median income for a household in the parish was $29,500, and the median income for a family was $36,093. Males had a median income of $31,044 versus $18,710 for females. The per capita income for the parish was $14,201. About 17.40% of families and 22.10% of the population were below the poverty line, including 30.00% of those under age 18 and 21.40% of those age 65 or over.

Communities

Incorporated Cities and towns

Unincorporated areas

Education

Vermilion Parish School Board operates public schools in the parish.

The schools serving Delcambre are located in Vermilion Parish and are operated by Iberia Parish School System.

See also


References

External links

  • Heinrich, P. V., 2006, Louisiana Geological Survey, Baton Rouge, Louisiana.
  • Heinrich, P. V., J. Snead, and R. P. McCulloh, 2003, Louisiana Geological Survey, Baton Rouge, Louisiana.
  • Vermilion Historical Society

Coordinates: 29°49′N 92°19′W / 29.81°N 92.31°W / 29.81; -92.31

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