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Title: Vesoul  
Author: World Heritage Encyclopedia
Language: English
Subject: Jean-Léon Gérôme, Haute-Saône, Alexis Thérèse Petit, Alain Chrétien, Simon Renard
Collection: Communes of Haute-Saône, Prefectures in France, Sequani, Vesoul
Publisher: World Heritage Encyclopedia


Coat of arms of VESOUL
Coat of arms
VESOUL is located in France
Country France
Region Franche-Comté
Department Haute-Saône
Arrondissement Vesoul
Canton Canton of Vesoul-Est and Canton of Vesoul-Ouest
Intercommunality Urban community of Vesoul
 • Mayor (2012-2014) Alain Chrétien
Area1 9.07 km2 (3.50 sq mi)
Population (2010)2 19,404
 • Density 2,100/km2 (5,500/sq mi)
INSEE/Postal code 70550 / 70000
Elevation 213–375 m (699–1,230 ft)
(avg. 220 m or 720 ft)

1 French Land Register data, which excludes lakes, ponds, glaciers > 1 km² (0.386 sq mi or 247 acres) and river estuaries.

2 Population without double counting: residents of multiple communes (e.g., students and military personnel) only counted once.

Vesoul is a commune in the Haute-Saône department in the region of Franche-Comté located in eastern France.

Most populated municipality of the department with 15,920 inhabitants in 2009, is the seventh largest city in Franche-Comté. The same year, Urban community of Vesoul which covers 19 municipalities together 34,055 inhabitants while the Urban area of Vesoul which includes 78 municipalities, groups 59,244 inhabitants. Its urban area is the fifth largest Franche-Comté. Its inhabitants are known in French as Vésuliens. Nicknamed the "Nice of the East", the reputation of Vesoul-based primarily on the song "Vesoul" by Jacques Brel and the Vesoul International Film Festival of Asian Cinema. Its 16,000 inhabitants, account Vesoul 2000 students and 8000 licensed sport. The city has received many labels and names that reflect the investigation brings to life Vesoul common.

Built on top of the hill de la Motte, in the first millennium, the old medieval town of Castrum Vesulium, the city is gradually presented as European commercial and economic center with many traders and exchangers and European Jews. At the end of the Middle Ages, the city experienced a period of strong difficulties as plagues, epidemics, destruction ...

Main urban center of the department, Vesoul is also the capital of the logistics industry with the PSA Vesoul Plant and the seat of several institutions such as the Regional Centre for Restoration of Works of Art.

The town is the capital of the department.


  • Notable people 1
  • History 2
  • Geography 3
  • Culture and heritage 4
  • Monuments and tourist attractions 5
    • Paul Morel Hospital 5.1
    • Heritage 5.2
    • Festival 5.3
    • Library 5.4
  • Administration 6
    • Mayors 6.1
    • Twin towns 6.2
    • Administrative division 6.3
  • Areas 7
  • People 8
    • Demography 8.1
    • Media 8.2
    • Sport 8.3
    • Education 8.4
  • 9 Article
  • Awards 10
  • See also 11
  • References 12
  • External links 13

Notable people


Vesoul is first mentioned in a document dated 899. That document speaks about an elevation with a fortified watchtower. The document speaks about "Castrum Vesulium". Castrum is a fortification, and "Vesulium" has the syllable ves which meant hill or mountain in a language that was spoken before the Celts. Today, there is a castle that forms the centre of the city. The first houses were built inside the walls of the castle. Newcomers who found no place settled outside the city walls, on the flanks of the hill. Growing wine was popular. In 1814, after the fall of the empire, a buffer state was created, with Vesoul as capital. The principality was that of Free County, of the Vosges and of Porrentruy.

Today, one of the main factories of PSA Peugeot Citroën is near Vesoul.


Vesoul is located in the center of the Haute-Saône and is equidistant from the other cities of the department. It is located at the intersection of highways Road 19 and Road 57, the SNCF Paris-Basel. It is to 48 kilometres (30 mi) of Besançon, 82 kilometres (51 mi) of Epinal, 30 kilometres (19 mi) of Luxeuil-les-Bains, 32 kilometres (20 mi) of Lure, 64 kilometres (40 mi) of Belfort, 59 kilometres (37 mi) of Gray and 105 kilometres (65 mi) of Dijon [1].

The largest city near Vesoul is Besançon. As the crow flies, Vesoul is 315 kilometres (196 mi) of the capital Paris, 485 kilometres (301 mi) of Marseille, 230 kilometres (140 mi) of Lyon, 578 kilometres (359 mi) of Toulouse, 445 kilometres (277 mi) of Nice, 585 kilometres (364 mi) of Nantes, 160 kilometres (99 mi) of Strasbourg, 480 kilometres (300 mi) of Montpellier, 605 kilometres (376 mi) of Bordeaux, and 404 kilometres (251 mi) of Lille, [2] 3.

Culture and heritage

Monuments to the dead of the war 14-18
Hostel Pétremand
The Jean-Léon Gérôme Collège
Hôpital Paul-Morel

Monuments and tourist attractions

The Durgeon

Paul Morel Hospital

Paul Morel Hospital is an ancient hospital.


Lake of Vesoul



The first public library of Vesoul opened in 1771. The abbé (abbot) Bardenet, superior of the Saint-Esprit hospital in Besançon, gave his book collection to the town. There were 1772 books. The collections became a lot larger with the Revolution. At that time, the revolutionaries (people who led the French Revolution) took the books from the monasteries of the town (capucins) and even of the region (Luxeuil and Faverney monasteries). Around 20,000 books were added to the library this way, including some 11th century manuscripts. The Mayor's office was responsible for keeping the books.

In 1981, the municipality decided to build a new building to encourage the public to read. The library was recently equipped with computers. There are around 200 manuscripts and 150 incunables.



Twin towns

Administrative division


Jean Jaurès-Petit-Banque area
Anglais Garden Park



Historical population of Vesoul
(Source: INSEE,[1] Ehess[2])
Year 1793 1800 1806 1821 1831 1836 1841 1846 1851 1856 1861 1866 1872 1876 1881 1886 1891 1896 1901 1906 1911
Population 5303 5417 5708 5391 5408 5887 6788 5941 6621 7281 7579 7614 7716 9206 9553 9733 9770 10083 9704 10163 10539
Historical population of Vesoul
Year 1921 1926 1931 1936 1946 1954 1962 1968 1975 1982 1990 1999 2006 2007
Population 10471 10859 11562 11926 11825 12038 13678 16352 18173 18412 17614 17168 16370 16329


Vesoul is also the name of a song by Jacques Brel from 1968, a fast paced waltz during the recording of which Brel famously yelled «Chauffe, Marcel, chauffe!» ("heat up, Marcel, heat up!") at his accordionist, Marcel Azzola.

The town is also mentioned facetiously in the satirical rap Fous ta cagoule by Michael Youn.[3]



Vesoul has schools of higher education. The city has 1,200 students divided between an IUT, an IUFM, an Institute of Nursing Training, a School of Management and Commerce and BTS.
A Council of Student Life (CVE), led by the Officer in charge of Higher Education, was established in 2011. It offers activities to stimulate student life. In all, Vesoul has 10,000 students.

All schools and studies in Vesoul


The French article is much more detailed: (It is possible to translate the page into English).


  • Famous song by Jacques Brel in 1968
  • Vesoul inaugurated the first Cyber Base France in 1999
  • Voted "most athletic city of France" in 2001
  • Labeled "Child Friendly City" by UNICEF in 2006. This label was renewed in 2009.
  • Labeled "friendly and inclusive City" in 2010
  • Labeled "Cities and villages in bloom" and has 3 flowers
  • Labeled "QualiTri Collection" in 2012
  • Vesoul is the second city in France to obtain ISO 14001 certification

See also


  1. ^ Vesoul on Insee's website
  2. ^ Ehess, communale notice of Vesoul
  3. ^ "Fous ta Cagoule" by Fatal Bazooka--English Translation

External links

  • Official website (French)
  • – Site about the city center (French)
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