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Virodhamine

Virodhamine
Identifiers
CAS number  N
PubChem
ChemSpider  YesY
ChEMBL  YesY
Jmol-3D images Image 1
Properties
Molecular formula C22H37NO2
Molar mass 347.53468
Except where noted otherwise, data are given for materials in their standard state (at 25 °C (77 °F), 100 kPa)
 N   YesY/N?)

Virodhamine (O-arachidonoyl ethanolamine) is an endocannabinoid and a nonclassic eicosanoid, derived from arachidonic acid. O-Arachidonoyl ethanolamine is arachidonic acid and ethanolamine joined by an ester linkage, the opposite of the amide linkage found in anandamide. Based on this opposite orientation, the molecule was named virodhamine from the Sanskrit word virodha, which means opposition. It acts as an antagonist of the CB1 receptor and agonist of the CB2 receptor. Concentrations of virodhamine in the human hippocampus are similar to those of anandamide, but they are 2- to 9-fold higher in peripheral tissues that express CB2. Virodhamine lowers body temperature in mice, demonstrating cannabinoid activity in vivo.[1]

See also

References

  1. ^ Porter AC, Sauer JM, Knierman MD et al. (2002). "Characterization of a novel endocannabinoid, virodhamine, with antagonist activity at the CB1 receptor". J. Pharmacol. Exp. Ther. 301 (3): 1020–4.  


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