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W18 engine

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Title: W18 engine  
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Subject: W engine, W12 engine, Multi-cylinder engine, W18, Bugatti EB118
Collection: Piston Engine Configurations
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W18 engine

Tatra T955, aircooled W18 engine from 1943.

A W18 engine is an eighteen cylinder W engine which usually has a single crankshaft with three banks of six cylinders arranged in a downward-pointing broad arrow configuration.

An early example is the Isotta Fraschini Asso 750 used to power the Italian Savoia-Marchetti S.55 seaplanes flown by Italo Balbo into Chicago in 1933. This engine used the same layout as a recent series of engines produced by Bugatti - basically a vertical six with two adjacent banks set at 60° each to make a W-18.

In 1967, Scuderia Ferrari engineer Franco Rocchi built an experimental 65×50mm, 498 cc W3 engine, effectively a single crankpin module, in order to assess the potential for a 3-litre W18 Formula 1 engine.[1] Although the engine developed 80 bhp at 11,000 rpm and 160 bhp per litre, the idea was abandoned. Subsequently in 1972 Formula 1 rules were changed to outlaw the use of engines with more than 12 cylinders. Rocchi used this module as the basis for a 3½ litre W12 engine for Life Racing Engines in 1988, although this was infamously unsuccessful.[1]

Recent W18 engines powered the Bugatti EB118, Bugatti EB218, Bugatti 18/3 Chiron and Bugatti EB 18.4 Veyron concept cars in the late 1990s. This engine featured three banks of six cylinders set 60° apart. The W18 engine was abandoned due to shifting problems.

References

  1. ^ a b  

External links

  • "Volkswagen's VR6 and W-engines", Auto zine .
  • Bugatti (official site) .
  • Vicenzi, Ugo, Asso 750 Isotta-Fraschini engine (CAD images) .
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