World Library  
Flag as Inappropriate
Email this Article

Wheelchair Football (American)

Article Id: WHEBN0025304788
Reproduction Date:

Title: Wheelchair Football (American)  
Author: World Heritage Encyclopedia
Language: English
Subject: Powerchair Football, Spearing (gridiron football), Trap run, Drop-back pass, Quarterback scramble
Collection:
Publisher: World Heritage Encyclopedia
Publication
Date:
 

Wheelchair Football (American)

Wheelchair Football (American)
Boy playing on an American Wheelchair Football Team.
Highest governing body American Association of Adapted Sports Programs
First played Atlanta, Georgia, USA
Characteristics
Contact Contact
Team members 6 or more (6 at a time during game)
Mixed gender Yes
Type Indoor
Equipment Football, manual wheelchair, and power wheelchair

Wheelchair Football is a fast-paced sport that is best played when athletes are in maximum physical condition, and at the top of their game in teamwork, strategy and wheelchair-handling skills for both manual wheelchair and power wheelchair users.[1]

History

The sport of wheelchair football was developed for interscholastic competition by the American football and the rules are similar as such.

Rules

The game of wheelchair football is played on a standard basketball court — 28 meters long by 15 meters wide. The required court markings are a center line and circle, and a key area measuring 8 meters wide by 1.75 meters deep at each end of the court. It can be played either indoors or outside, as long as it meets the standard requirements.[2] All athletes must use either a manual or a power wheelchair when competing in the sport.

Specified rules for manual and power wheelchair users

Players Using Manual Wheelchairs Players Using Powerchair Wheelchairs

Players in manual chairs have successfully tackled an opponent when they tag the opponent with two hands on the body and above the knees.

Players in power chairs will have made a successful tackle when they tag the opponent with one hand on the opponent’s body or chair.

Team rules

A team has six attempts to score once they receive the ball. Teams may pass or “run” the ball into the end zone. Field goals, kick–offs and punts are thrown. A running game clock (no time–outs for incomplete passes, etc.) is used, as well as a play clock. Scoring is the same as in stand–up football, with one exception. A team that passes for the point–after–touchdown (PAT) will receive two points. Field goals are scored when the ball is thrown through the first two vertical uprights that support the hanging basket.[3]

Basic rundown of the sport

Team Number of players Offense Play clock minutes Half time
Varsity teams Six players per side 4 downs to reach 1st marker or score :35-minute play clock Two 30-minute halves running clock
Junior varsity teams Six players per side 4 downs to reach 1st marker or score :45-minute play clock Two 30-minute halves running clock

References

  1. ^ . Retrieved 21 January 2010. 
  2. ^ "Wheelchair Football: World's Most Inclusive Sport". Retrieved 2012-09-11. 
  3. ^ . Retrieved 21 January 2010. 

See also

External links

  • American Association for Adaptive Sports Programs


This article was sourced from Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License; additional terms may apply. World Heritage Encyclopedia content is assembled from numerous content providers, Open Access Publishing, and in compliance with The Fair Access to Science and Technology Research Act (FASTR), Wikimedia Foundation, Inc., Public Library of Science, The Encyclopedia of Life, Open Book Publishers (OBP), PubMed, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Center for Biotechnology Information, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Institutes of Health (NIH), U.S. Department of Health & Human Services, and USA.gov, which sources content from all federal, state, local, tribal, and territorial government publication portals (.gov, .mil, .edu). Funding for USA.gov and content contributors is made possible from the U.S. Congress, E-Government Act of 2002.
 
Crowd sourced content that is contributed to World Heritage Encyclopedia is peer reviewed and edited by our editorial staff to ensure quality scholarly research articles.
 
By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. World Heritage Encyclopedia™ is a registered trademark of the World Public Library Association, a non-profit organization.
 



Copyright © World Library Foundation. All rights reserved. eBooks from World eBook Library are sponsored by the World Library Foundation,
a 501c(4) Member's Support Non-Profit Organization, and is NOT affiliated with any governmental agency or department.