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Workers World Party

Workers World Party
Chairperson Larry Holmes (First Secretary)
Founded 1959
Headquarters 55 W. 17 St. New York, NY 10011
Youth wing Fight Imperialism Stand Together
Ideology Marxism–Leninism
Communism
Proletarian internationalism
Political position Far-left
Colors Red
Website
www.workers.org
Politics of the United States
Political parties
Elections

Workers World Party (WWP) is a communist party in the United States, founded in 1959 by a group led by Sam Marcy of the Socialist Workers Party (SWP).[1] Marcy and his followers split from the United States SWP in 1958 over a series of long-standing differences, among them Marcy's group's support for Henry A. Wallace's Progressive Party in 1948, the positive view they held of the Chinese Revolution led by Mao Zedong, and their defense of the 1956 Soviet intervention in Hungary, all of which the SWP opposed.

WWP describes itself as a party that has, since its founding, "supported the struggles of all Weather Underground, Vietnam Veterans Against the War, and the Puerto Rican Independence movement. Workers World Party was also an early advocate of gay rights, and remains especially active in this area.

The WWP has published Workers World newspaper since 1959, and it has been a weekly since 1974.

History

The origins of the WWP go back to the Global Class War Tendency, led by Sam Marcy and Vincent Copeland, within the Socialist Workers Party. This group crystallized during the 1948 presidential election when they urged the SWP to back Henry Wallace's Progressive Party campaign, rather than field their own candidates. Throughout the 1950s the Global Class War Tendency expressed positions at odds with official SWP policy, categorizing the Korean War as a class, rather than imperialist, conflict; support of the People's Republic of China as a workers' state, if not necessarily supporting the Mao Zedong leadership; and supporting the suppression of the Hungarian Revolution by the Soviet Union in 1956.[2]

The Global Class War Tendency left the SWP in early 1959. Although they would later abandon Youth Against War and Fascism (YAWF), was created in April 1962.[4]

From the beginning the WWP and YAWF concentrated their energies on [6]

During the late 1960s and 1970s the Party threw itself into protests for a number of other causes, including "defen[se] of the heroic black uprisings in [7]

In 1980 the WWP began to participate in electoral politics, naming a presidential ticket, as well as candidates for New York Senate, congressional and state legislature seats. In California they ran their candidate, Deidre Griswold, for in the primary for the Peace and Freedom Party nomination. They came in last with 1,232 votes out of 9,092. In 1984 the WWP supported Jesse Jackson's bid for the Democratic nomination, but when he lost in the primaries they nominated their own presidential ticket, along with a handful of congressional and legislative nominees.[8]

Activities and organizational structure

Members staffing a WWP information booth at Occupy Wall Street, October 2011

The WWP has organized, directed or participated in many coalition organizations for various causes, typically anti-imperialist in nature. The youth group close to the WWP called Fight Imperialism Stand Together (FIST) was founded.

The WWP has participated in presidential election campaigns since the 1980 election, though its effectiveness in this area is limited as it has not been able to get on the ballots of many states. The Party also has run some campaigns for other offices. One of the most successful was in 1990, when Susan Farquhar got on the ballot as a US Senate candidate in Michigan and received 1.3% of the vote. However, the party's best result was in the 1992 Ohio US Senate election, when the WWP candidate received 6.7% of the vote, running against a Democrat and a Republican.[9]

WWP and North Korea

The WWP has maintained a position of support for the government of American Servicemen's Union (ASU), the party endorsed a 1971 statement of support for that government. The statement was read on North Korea's international radio station by visiting ASU delegate Andy Stapp.[10] In 1994, Sam Marcy sent a letter to Kim Jong-il expressing his condolences on behalf of the WWP with the passing of his father Kim Il-sung, calling him a great leader and comrade in the international communist movement.[11] Its more recent front groups, IAC and (formerly) International ANSWER, have also demonstrated in support of North Korea.[12]

Controversy

When the WWP was playing a role in organizing anti-war protests before the US attack on Iraq in 2003, many newspapers and TV shows attacked the WWP specifically.[13][14][15]

Splits

In 1968 the WWP absorbed a small faction of the Spartacist League that had worked with it in the Coalition for an Anti-Imperialist Movement called the Revolutionary Communist League. This group left the WWP in 1971 as the New York Revolutionary Committee. The NYRC's newspaper provided rare details about the internal functioning of the group that have subsequently been used by scholars as a primary source. The NYRC later reconsitituted as the Revolutionary Communist League (Internationalist).[16]

In 2004, the WWP suffered its most serious split when the San Francisco branch and some other members left to form the Party for Socialism and Liberation.[17]

Presidential tickets

Year President Vice-President Votes
1980 Deirdre Griswold Gavrielle Holmes 13,285 (0.02%)
1984 Larry Holmes, in some states Gavrielle Holmes Gloria LaRiva 17,985 (0.02%)
1988 Larry Holmes Gloria La Riva 7,846 (0.01%)
1992 Gloria La Riva Larry Holmes 181 (0.00%)
1996 Monica Moorehead Gloria La Riva 29,083 (0.03%)
2000 Monica Moorehead Gloria La Riva 4,795 (0.00%)
2004 John Parker Teresa Gutierrez 1,646 (0.00%), includes votes on the Liberty Union Party line in Vermont
2008 No candidate, endorsed Cynthia McKinney No candidate, endorsed Rosa Clemente n.a.
[18]

Notable members

References

  1. ^
  2. ^ Alexander 1991, p. 911.
  3. ^ Alexander 1973, p. 554.
  4. ^ Alexander 1991, p. 912.
  5. ^ Klehr, Harvey (1988) Far Left of Center
  6. ^ Alexander 1991, pp. 912-913.
  7. ^ Alexander 1991, p. 913.
  8. ^ Alexander 1991, p. 914.
  9. ^
  10. ^ "Workers World Party and Its Front Organizations" (April 1974) US House Committee on Internal Security
  11. ^
  12. ^
  13. ^
  14. ^
  15. ^
  16. ^ Alexander 1991, pp. 913, 941-3, 1049.
  17. ^
  18. ^

Sources

Further reading

  • Roots of the Workers World Party by Ken Lawrence, Marxmail Discussion List. January 1999. Retrieved April 12, 2005.
  • Politics 1 Guide to US Political parties contains brief entry on WWP.
  • "A Clarification on Sam Marcy and Henry Wallace" correspondence on the early history of the Global Class War tendency
  • "Peace Activists" with a Secret Agenda Part Three: Stealth Trotskyism and the Mystery of the WWP“ by Kevin Coogan

External links

  • Workers World Party homepage
  • Fight Imperialism - Stand Together, Youth group affiliated with Workers World Party
  • The global class war and the destiny of American labor by Sam Marcy New Haven, CT : Distributed by Revolutionary Communist League (Internationalist), 1979 (a foundational document of the "Global Class War tendency")
  • The class character of the Hungarian uprising : proposed resolution on the class character of the Hungarian uprising : November 3, 1956 by V. Grey New York, reissued by Workers World, 1959 (another foundational document of the "Global Class War tendency")
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