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World champion

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World champion

A world championship(s) is a title commonly used to describe a variety of sports events across a number of sports and disciplines. As a general rule of thumb a world championships will be open to elite competitiors from across the world, representing their nations, and winning such an event will be considered the highest or near highest achievement in the sport or contest, although there are exceptions to each of these elements in different sporting contexts.

The title is usually awarded through a combination of specific contests or, less commonly, ranking systems (e.g. the ICC Test Championship), or a combination of the two (e.g. World Triathlon Championship in Triathlon). This determines a 'world champion', who or which is commonly considered the best nation, team, individual (or other entity) in the world in a particular field, although the vaguaries of sport ensure that the competitior recognised at the best in an event is not always the 'world champion' (see Underdog).

Certain sports do not have a world championship, instead they may organise a World cup competition, or they may organize both. Often, the use of the term cup or championship in this sense is just a choice of words. Some sports have multiple champions because of multiple organizations such as mixed martial arts, boxing and wrestling..

Certain sports do not have a world championships or a world cup as such, but may have one or several world champions. Professional boxing, for example, has several world champions at different weights, but each one of them is decided by a "title fight", not a tournament.

A certain number of sports hold world championships or world cups which are overshadowed, in terms of prestige, by the same events in the Olympic Games, the most prestigious mult-sports event, while in others (e.g. Rowing, until 1983, the Olympic Gams is considered to be for all intents and purposes the world championships in those events.

Finally, certain professional sports do not have a world championship or world cup, but rather hold a series of events recognised as the elite level in their field (e.g Tennis has a series of four Grand Slam events recognised as the pinacle of the game, in addition to key team events, world tour finals and the Olympic Games, but no world championship or world cup).

Sports

Full listings are presented at List of world championships and List of World Cups.

Main article: World Heavyweight Championship (professional wrestling)

Most successful athlete in each sport

This table includes medals for both individual and team events. Currently active competitors are highlighted in pale green.

Men
Category Sport Athlete Born Tot. Ref.
Bicycle racing Cycling (road) Switzerland Fabian Cancellara[6] 1981 4 0 2 6
Spain Óscar Freire 1976 3 0 1 4
Belgium Eddy Merckx 1945
Belgium Rik Van Steenbergen 1924-2003
Italy Alfredo Binda 1902-1986
Cycling (track) France Arnaud Tournant 1978 14 3 2 19
BMX racing United States Randy Stumpfhauser 1977 4 5 3 12
Mountain bike racing France Julien Absalon 1980 4 1 1 6
Combat sports Boxing Cuba Félix Savón 1967 6 1 0 7
Jiu-Jitsu Brazil Roger Gracie 1981 10 5 0 15
Judo Japan Ryoko Tani 1989 7 0 1 8
Karate Italy Luca Valdesi 1976 6 2 4 12
Sambo Russia Fedor Emelianenko 1976 4 0 1 5
Taekwondo United States Steven López 1978 5 0 0 5
Wrestling Russia Aleksandr Karelin[7] 1967 9 0 0 9
Motor sports Formula One Germany Michael Schumacher 1969 7 2 3 12
Motorboat racing Italy Guido Cappellini 1959 10 2 2 14 [8]
Motorcycle racing Italy Giacomo Agostini 1942 15 5 1 21
Motocross Belgium Stefan Everts 1972 10 4 1 13 [9]
Rallying France Sébastien Loeb 1974 9 1 0 10
Roller sports Inline speed skating United States Chad Hedrick 1977 50 14 4 68 [10]
Roller artistic skating Italy Roberto Riva 1986 10 1 0 11 [11]
Water sports Swimming United States Michael Phelps 1985 26 6 1 33
Diving Russia Dmitri Sautin 1974 5 1 3 9
Canoe sprint Romania Ivan Patzaichin 1974 9 4 9 22
Rowing Italy Daniele Gilardoni 1976 11 1 1 13 [12]
Sailing Denmark Paul Elvstrøm 1928 11 2 2 15 [13]
Winter sports Alpine skiing Norway Kjetil André Aamodt 1971 5 4 3 12
Biathlon Norway Ole Einar Bjørndalen 1974 18 11 9 38
Bobsleigh Italy Eugenio Monti 1928-2003 9 1 0 10 [14]
Skeleton Switzerland Gregor Stähli 1968 4 3 3 10
Luge Italy Armin Zöggeler 1974 6 5 5 16
Cross-country skiing Norway Bjørn Dæhlie 1967 10 5 4 19
Ski jumping Finland Janne Ahonen 1977 5 3 2 10
Nordic combined Norway Bjarte Engen Vik 1971 5 3 0 8 [15]
Freestyle skiing France Edgar Grospiron 1969 3 0 0 3
Snowboarding Canada Jasey Jay Anderson 1968 4 0 0 4
Figure skating Sweden Ulrich Salchow 1877-1949 11 3 0 14
Speed skating Netherlands Sven Kramer 1986 16 1 2 19 [16]
Short track speed skating South Korea Ahn Hyun-Soo 1985 20 11 4 35 [17][18]
Olympic sports Athletics United States Carl Lewis 1961 8 1 1 10 [19]
Archery United States Richard McKinney 1953 3 0 0 3
Artistic Gymnastics Belarus Vitaly Scherbo 1972 12 7 4 23
Badminton South Korea Park Joo-bong 1964 5 0 2 7
Equestrian Germany Reiner Klimke[20] 1936-1999 6 0 0 6 [21]
Fencing Hungary Aladár Gerevich 1910-1991 14 1 3 18
Shooting Switzerland Konrad Stäheli 1866-1931 41 17 10 67 [22]
Table tennis Hungary Viktor Barna 1911-1972 22 7 12 41
Czech Republic Ivan Lendl 1960 5 4 3 11
Triathlon United Kingdom Simon Lessing 1971 4 2 1 7
Weightlifting Russia Vasily Alekseyev 1967 8 0 0 8
Team sports Baseball Cuba Pedro Luis Lazo 1973 7 2 0 3
Basketball Socialist Federal Republic of Yugoslavia Krešimir Ćosić 1948-1995 2 2 0 4
Beach volleyball Brazil Emanuel Rego 1973 2 1 0 3
Curling Canada Randy Ferbey 1959 4 1 0 5
Field hockey Pakistan Akhtar Rasool 1954 3 1 0 4 [24]
Handball France Didier Dinart 1977 3 0 2 5
Ice Hockey Soviet Union Vladislav Tretiak 1914-1992 10 1 2 13
Football Brazil Pelè 1940 3 0 0 3
Volleyball Italy Marco Bracci
Italy Andrea Gardini
Italy Andrea Giani
Italy Ferdinando De Giorgi
1966
1965
1970
1961
3 0 0 3
Waterpolo Spain Salvador Gómez
Spain Jesús Rollán
1968
1968-2006
2 2 0 4

Games

A fuller list can be found on the List of world championships in mind sports page.

Performing

Eating

References

See also

External links

  • Sports results
  • Sports history
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