World Library  
Flag as Inappropriate
Email this Article

Yana imla

Article Id: WHEBN0006187903
Reproduction Date:

Title: Yana imla  
Author: World Heritage Encyclopedia
Language: English
Subject: Uzbek language, Tatar language, Musa Cälil, Tatar alphabet, Yaña imlâ alphabet
Collection:
Publisher: World Heritage Encyclopedia
Publication
Date:
 

Yana imla

Yaña imlâ
Type Alphabet with some elements of an abjad
Languages Tatar, Bashkir
Time period 1920 to 1928
Parent systems
ISO 15924 Template:ISO 15924 code, Template:ISO 15924 number
Direction Template:ISO 15924 direction
Unicode alias Template:ISO 15924 alias
This article contains IPA phonetic symbols. Without proper rendering support, you may see question marks, boxes, or other symbols instead of Unicode characters.


Yaña imlâ (pronounced [jʌˈŋɑ imˈlʲæ]; Cyrillic: яңа имля; Tatar for new orthography) was a modified variant of Arabic script that was in use for the Tatar language in 1920–1927. The orthographical reform modified İske imlâ, abolishing excess Arabic letters, adding letters for short vowels e, ı, ö, o. Some diacritic, that looked like comma was used to designate the vowel harmony. Arguably, Yaña imlâ had as its goal the accommodation of the alphabet to the actual Tatar pronunciation.

There were some projects that were to simplify Yaña imlâ too. The unique separated Arabic was invented (so as to use typewriters). Separated Arabic was even incorporated in the early flag of Tatar ASSR, though it was not in real use.

As early as in 1924 the first projects of Latin script were introduced and in 1928 alphabet was switched to the Latin Jaꞑalif alphabet.

Zamanälif Initial Medial Final Stand-alone Jaꞑalif modern Cyrillic Tatar alphabet Notes
1 a a а
2 ä ﻪﺋ ﻪﺋ ə ә
3 b ʙ б
4 t t т
5 p p п
6 c ç җ
7 ç c ч
8 x x х
9 d d д
10 r r р
11 z z з
12 j ƶ ж
13 s s с
14 ş ş ш
15 ğ ƣ г(ъ) alternative Cyrillic transcription: ғ
16 f f ф
17 q q к(ъ) alternative Cyrillic transcription: қ
18 k k к
19 g g г
20 ñ ң Initial form was never used due phonetic reasons
21 l l л
22 m m м
23 n n н
24 w v в alternative Cyrillic transcription: ў
25 i, í, y ﻴﺋ ﻴﺋ i, ьj, j и, ый, й ﻴﺋ, – for í, ﻴﺋ – for i,
26 u, ü u, y у, ү , – for u, – for ü
27 o, ö o, ɵ о, ө , – for o, – for ö
28 ı, e ئ ь, e ы, е ﺋ, – for ı, ﺋ – for e
29 h h һ

See also

Source

  • (Tatar)

Template:Arabic alphabets


This article was sourced from Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License; additional terms may apply. World Heritage Encyclopedia content is assembled from numerous content providers, Open Access Publishing, and in compliance with The Fair Access to Science and Technology Research Act (FASTR), Wikimedia Foundation, Inc., Public Library of Science, The Encyclopedia of Life, Open Book Publishers (OBP), PubMed, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Center for Biotechnology Information, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Institutes of Health (NIH), U.S. Department of Health & Human Services, and USA.gov, which sources content from all federal, state, local, tribal, and territorial government publication portals (.gov, .mil, .edu). Funding for USA.gov and content contributors is made possible from the U.S. Congress, E-Government Act of 2002.
 
Crowd sourced content that is contributed to World Heritage Encyclopedia is peer reviewed and edited by our editorial staff to ensure quality scholarly research articles.
 
By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. World Heritage Encyclopedia™ is a registered trademark of the World Public Library Association, a non-profit organization.
 



Copyright © World Library Foundation. All rights reserved. eBooks from World eBook Library are sponsored by the World Library Foundation,
a 501c(4) Member's Support Non-Profit Organization, and is NOT affiliated with any governmental agency or department.