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Yangtze River bridges and tunnels

 

Yangtze River bridges and tunnels

The Chongqing.

The bridges and tunnels across the Yangtze River carry rail and road traffic across China's longest and largest river and form a vital part of the country's transportation infrastructure. The "Long River" bisects China proper from west to east, and every major north-south bound highway and railway must cross the Yangtze. Large urban centers along the river such as Chongqing, Wuhan, and Nanjing also have urban mass transit rail lines crossing the Yangtze.

Until the completion of the Wuhan Yangtze River Bridge in 1957, there were no crossings across the main stretch of the Yangtze known as Changjiang, from Yibin to the river mouth in Shanghai, a distance of 2,884 km (1,792 mi). Since then, over 75 bridges and six tunnels have been built over this stretch, the overwhelming majority since 1990. They reflect a broad array of bridge designs and, in many cases, represent significant achievements in modern bridge engineering. Several rank among the world's longest suspension, cable-stayed and arch bridges as well as some of the highest and tallest bridges.

Upriver from Yibin, bridge spans are more common along the Jinsha and Tongtian sections where the Yangtze is much narrower, although numerous new bridges are being added. The oldest bridge over the Yangtze is the Jinlong, a simple suspension bridge over the Jinsha section of the river in Lijiang, Yunnan that was first built in 1880.

Map of the Yangtze River Basin, showing the location of Chongqing, Yibin, Panzhihua and Yushu along the river.

Contents

  • History 1
    • Changjiang section 1.1
    • Upstream sections 1.2
  • List of existing bridges and tunnels 2
    • From Shanghai to Yibin: Changjiang 2.1
    • From Yibin to Yushu: The Jinsha 2.2
    • Yushu: The Tongtian 2.3
    • The Tuotuo 2.4
  • Bridges and tunnels under construction 3
    • Changjiang from Shanghai to Yibin 3.1
    • Upstream from Yibin: Jinsha River 3.2
  • See also 4
  • References 5
  • External links 6

History

The opening of the Wuhan Yangtze River Bridge on October 15, 1957.

The Yangtze River forms a major geographic barrier dividing northern and southern China. For millennia, travelers crossed the Yangtze by ferry. In the first half of the 20th century, rail passengers from Beijing to Guangzhou and Shanghai had to disembark, respectively, at Hanyang and Pukou, and cross the river by steam ferry before resuming journeys by train.

Changjiang section

The first bridge to cross the Changjiang section of the river, the Wuhan Yangtze River Bridge, was built from 1955 to 1957. The dual-use road-rail bridge was a major infrastructural project in the early years of the People's Republic and was completed with Soviet assistance. The second bridge was a single-track railway bridge built in Chongqing in 1959. The Nanjing Yangtze River Bridge, also a road-rail bridge, was the first bridge to cross the lower reaches of the Yangtze. It was built from 1960 to 1968, after the Sino-Soviet split, and did not receive foreign assistance. The Zhicheng Road-Rail Bridge followed in 1971 and then the Chongqing Road Bridge in 1977. Only one bridge was completed in the 1980s, at Luzhou in 1982. Bridge-building resumed in the 1990s and accelerated in the first decade of the 21st century. The Jiujiang Bridge of 1992 was the first crossing for Jiangxi Province. The Tongling Bridge of 1995 was the first bridge to serve Anhui Province.

By 2005, there were over 50 bridges and one tunnel across the Yangtze River between Yibin and Shanghai, including some of the longest and tallest bridges in the world.

The rapid pace of bridge construction has continued. As of October 2014, urban Chongqing has 17 bridges, Wuhan has seven bridges and three tunnels across the Yangtze, and Nanjing has five bridges and two tunnels. About a dozen other bridges are now under construction.

Upstream sections

In the upper reaches of the Yangtze above Yibin, the Jinsha (Gold Sands), Tongtian, and Tuotuo sections of the river are narrower and bridges are more numerous. As of October 2014, Yibin had 10 bridges across the Jinsha and Panzhihua had 16.

Many of the bridges over the Jinsha in Yunnan, Sichuan and Tibet are simple suspension bridges that can only support travelers on foot and pack animals. The oldest of these, the Jinlong Bridge in Lijiang, dates to 1880. The Taku Jinsha River Bridge under construction in Lijiang, is set be become the highest bridge in the world with a bridge deck that is 512 m (1,680 ft) above the surface of the river.[1]

List of existing bridges and tunnels

From Shanghai to Yibin: Changjiang

For 2,884 km (1,792 mi) from the river's mouth at Shanghai up to the confluence with the Min River at Yibin, the Yangtze River is known in Chinese as the Changjiang or the Long River.

Name Image Location Province Opened Total length Main Span Type Carries Coordinates
Shanghai Yangtze River Bridge
Chongming, Changxing
[note 1]
Shanghai 2009 9,997 m (32,799 ft) 730 m (2,400 ft) cable-stayed
6-lane
Shanghai Yangtze River Tunnel Changxing, Pudong
[note 2]
2009 8,950 m (29,360 ft) - tunnel
Chongqi Bridge
Qidong,
Chongming
[note 3]
Jiangsu,
Shanghai
2011 7,150 m (23,460 ft) 185 m (607 ft) box girder
Sutong Bridge Nantong, Changshu Jiangsu 2008 2,088 m (6,850 ft) 1,088 m (3,570 ft) cable-stayed
6-lane
Jiangyin Bridge Jingjiang, Jiangyin 1999 3,071 m (10,075 ft) 1,385 m (4,544 ft) suspension
6-lane
Taizhou Bridge Taizhou, Yangzhong 2012 2,940 m (9,650 ft) 1,080 m (3,540 ft) suspension
Runyang North Bridge Yangzhou, Shiye Island 2005 756.8 m (2,483 ft) 406 m (1,332 ft) cable-stayed
6-lane
Runyang South Bridge Shiye Island, Zhenjiang 2,430 m (7,970 ft) 1,490 m (4,890 ft) suspension
Fourth Nanjing Yangtze Bridge Nanjing 2012 5,437 m (17,838 ft) 1,418 m (4,652 ft) suspension
Second Nanjing Yangtze Bridge 2001 2,938 m (9,639 ft) 628 m (2,060 ft) cable-stayed
6-lane
Nanjing Yangtze River Bridge 1968 1,577 m (5,174 ft) 160 m (520 ft) beam
4-lane
Jinghu R.R.
2-track
Nanjing Yangtze Tunnel 2009 3,837 m (12,589 ft) - tunnel 6-lane highway
Third Nanjing Yangtze Bridge 2005 4,744 m (15,564 ft) 648 m (2,126 ft) cable-stayed

6-lane
Nanjing Metro Line 10 Tunnel 2014 3,345 m (10,974 ft) - tunnel Line 10
Dashengguan Bridge 2010 1,615 m (5,299 ft) 336 m (1,102 ft) arch Jinghu HSR
Huhanrong PDL
Nanjing Metro
6-track
Ma'anshan Bridge Ma'anshan Anhui 2013 11,000 m (36,000 ft) 1,080 m (3,540 ft) suspension Hefei-Changshu Expwy
Wuhu Yangtze River Bridge Wuhu 2000 2,193 m (7,195 ft) 312 m (1,024 ft) Cable-stayed
Railway
Tongling Bridge Tongling 1995 1,152 m (3,780 ft) 432 m (1,417 ft) cable-stayed
4-lane
Anqing Bridge Anqing 2005 1,040 m (3,410 ft) 510 m (1,670 ft) cable-stayed
Jiujiang Bridge Huangmei, Jiujiang Hubei,
Jiangxi
1992 1,806 m (5,925 ft) 576 m (1,890 ft) Combined truss and arch
Jingjiu R.R.
Jiujiang Expressway Bridge 2013 8,462 m (27,762 ft)[2] 1,405 m (4,610 ft) cable-stayed
Huangshi Bridge Huangshi Hubei
eastern
1995 1,060 m (3,480 ft) 245 m (804 ft) beam
Edong Bridge Huanggang 2010 1,486 m (4,875 ft) 926 m (3,038 ft) cable-stayed
Ehuang Bridge Huanggang, Ezhou 2002 1,290 m (4,230 ft) 480 m (1,570 ft) cable-stayed
Huanggang Yangtze River Bridge 2014 1,215 m (3,986 ft) 567 m (1,860 ft) cable-stayed
Wuhuang ICR
Yangluo Bridge Wuhan 2007 2,735 m (8,973 ft) 1,280 m (4,200 ft) suspension

6-lane
Tianxingzhou Bridge 2009 4,657 m (15,279 ft) 504 m (1,654 ft) cable-stayed 6-lane Wuhan Third Ring Road
Wuguang HSR & Huhanrong Railway
4-track
Erqi Bridge 2011 2,922 m (9,587 ft) 616 m (2,021 ft) cable-stayed Wuhan Second Ring Road
8-lane
Second Wuhan Yangtze River Bridge 1995 1,080 m (3,540 ft) 400 m (1,300 ft) cable-stayed Wuhan Inner Ring Road
Wuhan Yangtze River Tunnel 2008 3,630 m (11,910 ft) N/A tunnel 4-lane highway
Wuhan Metro Line 2 Tunnel 2012 3,098 m (10,164 ft) N/A tunnel  
Wuhan Yangtze River Bridge 1957 1,670 m (5,480 ft) 128 m (420 ft) truss
4-lane
Jingguang R.R.
Wuhan Metro Line 4 Tunnel 2014 2,994 m (9,823 ft) (left tube)
3,003 m (9,852 ft)(right tube)
- tunnel  
Baishazhou Bridge 2000 3,589 m (11,775 ft) 618 m (2,028 ft) cable-stayed Wuhan Third Ring Road
Junshan Bridge 2001 2,847 m (9,341 ft) 460 m (1,510 ft) cable-stayed

Jingyue Bridge Jianli, Yueyang Hubei,
Hunan
2010 5,400 m (17,700 ft) 816 m (2,677 ft) cable-stayed
6-lane
Jingzhou Bridge Jingzhou Hubei
western
2002 4,177 m (13,704 ft) 500 m (1,600 ft) cable-stayed
4-lane
Zhicheng Bridge Zhicheng 1971 1,280 m (4,200 ft) 160 m (520 ft) truss
Jiaoliu R.R.
Yichang Bridge Yichang 2001 1,187 m (3,894 ft) 960 m (3,150 ft) suspension
Yichang Railway Bridge 2008 2,446 m (8,025 ft) 275 m (902 ft) (x2) Truss and arch Yiwan R.R.
2-track
Yiling Bridge 2001 936 m (3,071 ft) 348 m (1,142 ft) (x2) cable-stayed 4-lane highway
Xiling Bridge 1996 1,119 m (3,671 ft) 900 m (3,000 ft) suspension 4-lane highway
Badong Bridge Badong 2004 728 m (2,388 ft) 388 m (1,273 ft) cable-stayed
Wushan Yangtze River Bridge Wushan County Chongqing 2005 612 m (2,008 ft) 460 m (1,510 ft) arch Road
Fengjie Bridge Fengjie 2005 893 m (2,930 ft) 460 m (1,510 ft) cable-stayed Road
S201
Yunyang Yangtze River Bridge Yunyang 2005 1,272 m (4,173 ft) 318 m (1,043 ft) cable-stayed Road
Second Wanzhou Bridge Wanzhou 2004 1,216 m (3,990 ft) 580 m (1,900 ft) suspension 4-lane highway
Wanzhou Railway Bridge 2005 1,106 m (3,629 ft) 360 m (1,180 ft) arch Yiwan Railway
2-track
Wanxian Bridge 1997 864 m (2,835 ft) 420 m (1,380 ft) arch
Zhongxian Yangtze River Bridge Zhong County 2001 1,200 m (3,900 ft) 560 m (1,840 ft) suspension 4-lane S302
Zhongxian Huyu Expressway Bridge 2009 2,145 m (7,037 ft) 460 m (1,510 ft) cable-stayed
Fengdu Bridge Fengdu 1997 620 m (2,030 ft) 450 m (1,480 ft) suspension S103
Hanjiatuo Bridge Fuling 2012 1,137 m (3,730 ft) 432 m (1,417 ft) cable-stayed Yuli Railway
Shibangou Bridge 2009 975 m (3,199 ft) 450 m (1,480 ft) cable-stayed 4-lane Fuling Ring Rd
Fuling Yangtze River Bridge 1997 631 m (2,070 ft) 330 m (1,080 ft) cable-stayed
4-lane
Lidu Bridge 2007 822 m (2,697 ft) 398 m (1,306 ft) cable-stayed Road
Qingcaobei Bridge
青草背长江大桥
2013 1,146 m (3,760 ft) 460 m (1,510 ft) suspension Fuling Ring Rd.
Changshou Bridge Changshou District 2009 1,160 m (3,810 ft) 460 m (1,510 ft) cable-stayed 4-lane highway
Changshou Railway Bridge 2005 898.3 m (2,947 ft) 192 m (630 ft) truss Yuhuai R.R.
2-track
Yuzui Yangtze River Bridge Nan'an District 2009 1,440 m (4,720 ft) 616 m (2,021 ft) suspension
6-lane
Dafosi Bridge 2001 1,176 m (3,858 ft) 450 m (1,480 ft) cable-stayed
6-lane
Chaotianmen Bridge Yubei District, Nan'an District 2009 4,880 m (16,010 ft) 552 m (1,811 ft) arch 6-lane highway
2-track light rail
Dongshuimen Bridge Yuzhong District, Nan'an District 2014 1,124 m (3,688 ft) 445 m (1,460 ft) cable-stayed 4-lane highway
Line 6
Shibanpo Bridge 1977 1,103 m (3,619 ft) 330 m (1,080 ft) box girder 8-lane highway
Caiyuanba Bridge 2007 1,866 m (6,122 ft) 420 m (1,380 ft) arch 6-lane highway
 Line 3 
2-track
E'gongyan Bridge Jiulongpo District, Nan'an District 2000 1,022 m (3,353 ft) 600 m (2,000 ft) suspension 6 lane highway
Lijiatuo Bridge 1995 1,288 m (4,226 ft) 444 m (1,457 ft) cable-stayed Highway
Masangxi Bridge Dadukou District, Ba'nan District 2001 1,104 m (3,622 ft) 360 m (1,180 ft) cable-stayed
6-lane
Yudong Bridge 2008 1,541 m (5,056 ft) 260 m (850 ft) beam 6-lane highway
2-track light rail
Baishatuo Railway Bridge Dadukou District, Jiangjin District 1960 825 m (2,707 ft) 80 m (260 ft) truss 2-track Chuanqian R.R.
[note 4]
Diwei Bridge 2004 734 m (2,408 ft) 345 m (1,132 ft) cable-stayed 2-lane road
Guanyinyan Bridge Jiulongpo District, Jiangjin District 2009 1,199 m (3,934 ft) 436 m (1,430 ft) cable-stayed

6-lane
Dingshan Bridge 2013 897 m (2,943 ft) 464 m (1,522 ft) cable-stayed 6-lane road
Jiangjin Bridge
江津长江大桥
Jiangjin District 1997 1,360 m (4,460 ft) 240 m (790 ft) beam
Bosideng Bridge Hejiang County Sichuan 2012 841 m (2,759 ft) 530 m (1,740 ft) arch
Second Hejiang Bridge 2012 1,695 m (5,561 ft) 420 m (1,380 ft) cable-stayed
Huangyi Bridge
黄舣长江大桥
Luzhou 2012 1,223 m (4,012 ft) 520 m (1,710 ft) cable-stayed
Taian Bridge
泸州泰安长江大桥
2008 1,573 m (5,161 ft) 270 m (890 ft) cable-stayed Road
Qiancao Bridge
茜草长江大桥
2012 1,189 m (3,901 ft) 248 m (814 ft) extradosed Road
Luzhou Bridge
泸州长江大桥
1982 1,252 m (4,108 ft) 170 m (560 ft) beam
Luzhou Railway Bridge
泸州铁路长江大桥
2002 602 m (1,975 ft) 144 m (472 ft) beam Longchang-Huangtong R.R.
1-track
Second Luzhou Bridge
泸州长江二桥
2003 1,408 m (4,619 ft) 253 m (830 ft) beam
4-lane
Jiang'an Bridge
江安长江大桥
Jiang'an County 2008 1,093 m (3,586 ft) 252 m (827 ft) beam Road
Nanxi Bridge Yibin 2012 1,295 m (4,249 ft) 820 m (2,690 ft) suspension
Yibin Yangtze Bridge
宜宾长江大桥 [3]
2008 928.73 m (3,047.0 ft) 460 m (1,510 ft) cable-stayed 4-lane highway

Notes

  1. ^ The Shanghai Yangtze Bridge connects only the Changxing and Chongming Islands. This bridge, together with the Chongming-Qidong Bridge to the north and the Shanghai Yangtze Tunnel to the south, forms one crossing near the river's mouth.
  2. ^ The Shanghai Yangtze Tunnel only connects Pudong on the south bank of the river with Changxing Island. This tunnel, together with the Chongming-Qidong and Shanghai Yangtze Bridges to the nouth, forms one crossing near the river's mouth.
  3. ^ The Chongming-Qidong Bridge connects only the Qidong on the north bank of the Yangtze and Chongming Island. This bridge, together with the Shanghai's Yangtze River Bridge and Tunnel to the south, forms one crossing near the river's mouth.
  4. ^ The bridge's second track was added in 1978.

From Yibin to Yushu: The Jinsha

For 2,308 km (1,434 mi), from the confluence with the Min River at Yibin in Sichuan up to the confluence with the Batang River at Yushu in Qinghai, the Yangtze is known as the Jinsha or Gold Sands River.
Name Image Location Province Opened Total length Main Span Type Carries Coordinates
Yibin Rongzhou Bridge
宜宾戎州大桥
Yibin Sichuan
eastern
2004 505 m (1,657 ft) 260 m (850 ft) arch road
Yibin Xiaonanmen Bridge
宜宾小南门大桥
1990 387 m (1,270 ft) 260 m (850 ft) arch road
Yibin Jinsha River Railway Bridge 宜宾金沙江铁路大桥 1968 400 m (1,300 ft) 176 m (577 ft) beam Yigong R.R.
Yibin Zhongba Bridge
宜宾中坝大桥
2003 427 m (1,401 ft) 252 m (827 ft) cable-stayed road
Yibin Tianchi Bridge 宜宾天池大桥 2011 653 m (2,142 ft) 220 m (720 ft) rigid frame road
Yibin Mamingxi Bridge 马鸣溪大桥 1979 245 m (804 ft) 150 m (490 ft) deck arch
Yishui Expressway Bridge
宜水高速公路金沙江大桥
2005 1,712 m (5,617 ft) 249 m (817 ft) rigid frame
Shuifu Bridge 水富大桥 Yibin,
Zhaotong
Sichuan
Yunnan
1958 truss Neikun R.R.
Xiangjiaba Bridge 向家坝金沙江大桥 2007 443 m (1,453 ft) 170 m (560 ft) rigid frame road
G213 Jinsha River Bridge 213国道金沙江大桥 2001 310 m (1,020 ft) 150 m (490 ft) arch road
Xiluodu Bridge 溪洛渡大桥 Liangshan,
Zhaotong
2005 rigid frame road
Tongyang Bridge 通阳大桥 2008 arch
Hulukou Bridge 葫芦口大桥 1998 160 m (520 ft) arch
Jiaopingdu Bridge 皎平渡大桥 Liangshan,
Kunming
1991 144 m (472 ft) cable-stayed
Yuzha Bridge 鱼鲊大桥 Liangshan,
Panzhihua
Sichuan
southern
2014 398 m (1,306 ft) 180 m (590 ft) rigid frame
G5 Expressway Bridge
西攀高速公路金沙江大桥
Panzhihua 2008 637 m (2,090 ft) 324 m (1,063 ft) cable-stayed
Chengkun Railway Bridge 成昆铁路金沙江大桥 1970 390 m (1,280 ft) 192 m (630 ft) beam Chengkun R.R.
Qinglongshan Expressway Bridge 丽攀高速公路青龙山大桥 2014 862 m (2,828 ft) 230 m (750 ft) rigid frame
Luoguo Bridge
倮果大桥
1995 208 m (682 ft) 160 m (520 ft) arch
New Midi Bridge 新密地大桥 2011
2013
[note 1]
296 m (971 ft) 182 m (597 ft) arch road
Midi Bridge
密地大桥
1969
2014
[note 2]
284 m (932 ft) 181 m (594 ft) arch road
Bingcaogang Bridge
炳草岗大桥
2001 516.3 m (1,694 ft) 200 m (660 ft) cable-stayed road
New Dukou Bridge
新渡口大桥
2005 385.88 m (1,266.0 ft) 170 m (560 ft) arch
Hehuachi Bridge
荷花池大桥
1976 252.2 m (827 ft) 110 m (360 ft) arch road
Hehuachi Railway Bridge 荷花池铁路桥 1995 rigid frame railway
Xinzhuang Bridge 新庄大桥 1972 323.7 m (1,062 ft) 146 m (479 ft) arch
Dashuijing Bridge 丽攀高速公路大水井大桥 2014 475 m (1,558 ft) 230 m (750 ft) rigid frame
Fala Bridge 法拉大桥 2005 233.74 m (766.9 ft) 190 m (620 ft) box girder road
Baoding Bridge 宝鼎大桥 1982 392 m (1,286 ft) 170 m (560 ft) box girder road
Zhuangshang Bridge 庄上金沙江特大桥 2014 370 m (1,210 ft) 180 m (590 ft) rigid frame
Panzhihua Guanyinyan Bridge 观音岩大桥 2005 114 m (374 ft) arch road
New Jinjiang Bridge 新金江大桥 Lijiang Yunnan
2012 325 m (1,066 ft) rigid frame
Second Zhongjiang Bridge 中江二桥 Dali 250 m (820 ft) 170 m (560 ft) suspension road
Zhongjiang Bridge 中江大桥 2005 suspension road
Longkaikou Bridge 龙开口大桥 rigid frame road
Jinlong Bridge 金龙桥 Lijiang 1880 116 m (381 ft) 90 m (300 ft) simple suspension foot traffic
Jin'an Bridge 金安桥 1982 186 m (610 ft)[4] 110 m (360 ft)[4] arch
New Jin'an Bridge 新金安桥 arch road
New Shudi Bridge 新树底大桥 2003
[4]
179.6 m (589 ft)[4] 120 m (390 ft)[4] rigid frame
Ahai Bridge 阿海大桥 270 m (890 ft) arch road
Fengke Bridge 奉科大桥 216 m (709 ft) 150 m (490 ft) rigid frame road
Liyuan Bridge 梨园大桥 Dêqên,
Lijiang
arch road
Jihong Bridge 继红桥 1971 150 m (490 ft) 75 m (246 ft) arch road
suspension road
Songyuan Bridge 松园大桥 1996 170 m (560 ft) arch
suspension road
Qizong Bridge 其宗大桥 Dêqên 1989 cable-stayed
Xinhe Bridge 新贺龙桥 Garzê,
Dêqên
Sichuan,
Yunnan
arch
Quzong Bridge 曲宗大桥 arch road
suspension road
Yinduba Bridge 因都坝大桥 2009 90 m (300 ft) arch road
simple suspension foot path
simple suspension foot path
suspension road
Garzê,
Chamdo
Sichuan,
Tibet
suspension road
suspension road
suspension foot path
New Zhubalong Bridge 新竹巴龙金沙江大桥 beam
Old Zhubalong Bridge 老竹巴龙金沙江大桥 1964 beam foot path
[note 3]
suspension foot path
suspension foot path
simple suspension foot path
simple suspension foot path
simple suspension foot path
simple suspension foot path
New Gangtuo Bridge 新岗托大桥 beam
Gangtuo Bridge 岗托大桥 1974 140 m (460 ft) 70 m (230 ft) arch road
suspension foot path
Dengmanusangba Bridge 邓玛奴桑巴桥 1988 150 m (490 ft) suspension road
Garzê,
Yushu
Sichuan,
Qinghai
suspension road

Notes

  1. ^ The upstream span of the New Midi Bridge opened in 2011 and the downstream span opened in 2013
  2. ^ The Midi Bridge closed in 2014.
  3. ^ The Old Zhubalong Bridge has been closed to vehicular traffic.

Yushu: The Tongtian

For 813 km (505 mi), from the merger of the Tuotuo and Dangqu Rivers to the confluence with the Batang River at Yushu, the Yangtze is known as the Tongtian River.
Name Image Location Province Opened Total length Main Span Type Carries Coordinates
G214 Tongtian River Bridge 214国道通天河大桥 Chindu County,
Yushu County
Qinghai
(Yushu)
2003 beam
Qingkang Highway Tongtian River Bridge 青康公路通天河大桥 1963 150 m (490 ft) 50 m (160 ft) arch road
Zhongda Tongtian River Suspension Bridge 仲达通天河索桥 simple suspension footpath
Zhongda Tongtian River Bridge 仲达通天河大桥 2012 beam road
beam road
simple suspension road
suspension road
suspension road
suspension footpath
Qumarlêb County,
Zhidoi County
suspension road
Qumarlêb Tongtian River Bridge 曲麻莱通天河大桥 2012
[note 1]
600 m (2,000 ft) 100 m (330 ft) rigid frame bridge

Notes

  1. ^ The Qumarlêb Tongtian River Bridge, a rigid frame bridge that built in 2012, replaced a beam bridge built in 1989.

The Tuotuo

The Tuotuo River, considered the official headstream of the Yangtze, flows 358 km (222 mi) from the glaciers of the Gelaindong massif in the Tanggula Mountains of southwestern Qinghai to the confluence with the Dangqu River to form the Tongtian River.
Name Image Location Province Opened Total length Main Span Type Carries Coordinates
G109 Tuotuo River Bridge 109国道沱沱河大桥 Tanggula Town
(Golmud)
Qinghai
(Haixi)
1958
[note 1]
beam
Qinghai-Tibet Railway Tuotuo River Bridge 青藏铁路长江源特大桥 2006
[note 2]
1,389.6 m (4,559 ft) beam Qinghai–Tibet R.R.

Notes

  1. ^ The G109 Tuotuo River Bridge, first built in 1958, was rebuilt in 1987 and 2002.
  2. ^ The Qinghai-Tibet Railway Tuotuo River Bridge was completed in 2002 and opened to rail traffic in 2006.


Bridges and tunnels under construction

Changjiang from Shanghai to Yibin

Name Location Expected opening Total length Main span Type Carries
Shanghai-Nantong Bridge Nantong & Zhangjiagang, Jiangsu 2015 2,300 m (7,500 ft) 1,092 m (3,583 ft) cable-stayed
Hutong R.R.
Nanjing Metro Line 3 Tunnel Nanjing, Jiangsu 2015 3,100 m (10,200 ft) - tunnel Nanjing Metro Line 3
Nanjing Yangtze River Tunnel Nanjing, Jiangsu 2015 7,368 m (24,173 ft) - tunnel road
Second Wuhu Bridge
芜湖长江二桥
Wuhu, Anhui 2017 1,622 m (5,322 ft) 806 m (2,644 ft) cable-stayed
Second Tongling Bridge
铜陵长江二桥
Tongling, Anhui 2014 16,719 m (54,852 ft) 630 m (2,070 ft) cable-stayed
Hefu H.S.R.
Anqing Railway Bridge Anqing, Anhui 2019 2,997 m (9,833 ft) 580 m (1,900 ft) cable-stayed Nanjing–Anqing Intercity Railway
Wangdong Bridge
望东长江公路大桥
Wangjiang and Dongzhi, Anqing 2015 4,035 m (13,238 ft) 638 m (2,093 ft) cable-stayed Road
Yingwuzhou Bridge Wuhan, Hubei 2014 2,300 m (7,500 ft) 850 m (2,790 ft) suspension Road
Yangsigang Bridge
杨泗港长江大桥
Wuhan, Hubei 2017 4,318 m (14,167 ft) 1,700 m (5,600 ft) suspension Road
Dunkou Bridge
沌口长江大桥
Wuhan, Hubei 2018 3,287 m (10,784 ft) 760 m (2,490 ft) cable-stayed Wuhan 4th Ring Rd.
Gongan Bridge
公安长江大桥
Jingzhou, Hubei 2018 2,015.9 m (6,614 ft) 518 m (1,699 ft) cable-stayed Shashi-Gongan Hwy
Jingzhou-Yueyang R.R.
Miaozui Bridge
庙嘴长江大桥
Yichang, Hubei 2015 3,234.7 m (10,613 ft) 838 m (2,749 ft) suspension
cable-stayed
[note 1]
road
Fuma Bridge
驸马长江大桥
Wanzhou, Chongqing 2014 2,003 m (6,572 ft) 1,050 m (3,440 ft) suspension
Third Wanzhou Bridge
万州长江三桥
Wanzhou, Chongqing 2018 2,120 m (6,960 ft) 30 m (98 ft) cable-stayed road
Second Fengdu Bridge
重庆丰都长江二桥
Fengdu, Chongqing 2014 2,140 m (7,020 ft) 680 m (2,230 ft) cable-stayed road
Cuntan Bridge
寸滩长江大桥
Jiangbei, Chongqing 2016 1,600 m (5,200 ft) 880 m (2,890 ft) suspension road
New Baishatuo Bridge
新白沙沱长江大桥
Dadukou & Jiangjin, Chongqing 2016 920 m (3,020 ft) 432 m (1,417 ft) cable-stayed Chongqing–Guizhou H.S.R.
Chongqing–Guizhou H.S.R.
Jiangjin Jijiang Bridge
江津几江长江大桥
Jiangjin, Chongqing 2013 2,037 m (6,683 ft) cable-stayed 6-lane Highway
Chongqing Yongchuan Bridge
重庆永川长江大桥
Yongchuan, Chongqing 2014 1,685 m (5,528 ft) 608 m (1,995 ft) cable-stayed highway (3rd Ring Rd.)
Hejiang Yangtze River Bridge
合江长江大桥
Hejiang, Sichuan 2014 1,560 m (5,120 ft) 507 m (1,663 ft) arch road

Notes

  1. ^ The Miaozui Yangtze River Bridge, which spans across the right and left streams of the river and an island in the river, is composed of several bridge sections including a longer suspension bridge with a main span of 838 m (2,749 ft) and a shorter cable-stayed bridge with a main span of 210 m (690 ft).

Upstream from Yibin: Jinsha River

Name Location Expected opening Total length Main span Type Carries
Yibin Jinsha River Road Rail Bridge
宜宾金沙江公铁大桥
Yibin, Sichuan 2017 1,874.9 m (6,151 ft) 336 m (1,102 ft) arch road
Chengdu-Guiyang H.S.R.
Puhe Bridge
普和大桥
Yibin, Sichuan 2015 268 m (879 ft) 180 m (590 ft) rigid frame road
New Hulukou Bridge
新葫芦口大桥
Liangshan, Sichuan
Zhaotong, Yunnan
2015 959 m (3,146 ft) 656 m (2,152 ft) suspension road
Jindong Bridge
金东大桥
Liangshan, Sichuan
Kunming, Yunnan
2015 941 m (3,087 ft) 730 m (2,400 ft) suspension road
Wudongde Bridge
乌东德大桥
Liangshan, Sichuan
Kunming, Yunnan
2015 213 m (699 ft) 90 m (300 ft) rigid frame road
Hemenkou Bridge
河门口大桥
Liangshan, Sichuan
Kunming, Yunnan
2017 522 m (1,713 ft) 240 m (790 ft) rigid frame road
Second Chengkun Railway Bridge
成昆二线金沙江大桥
Panzhihua, Sichuan 2020 cable-stayed Second Chengkun R.R.
Taku Bridge
塔库金沙江大桥
Lijiang, Yunnan 2018 1,522 m (4,993 ft) 1,190 m (3,900 ft) suspension
G214 New Tongtian River Bridge
214国道新通天河大桥
Yushu, Qinghai rigid frame road

See also

References

  1. ^ (Chinese) 华坪至丽江高速公路建设动员进场 2013-10-30
  2. ^ ZTSS
  3. ^ YIBIN YANGTZE River Bridge
  4. ^ a b c d e (Chinese) 杨陆, "丽江境跨江桥梁的三项'之最'" 云南法制报 2011-02-12

External links

  • China Jiangsu Net Yangtze River Bridges (Chinese)
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